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Berkeley and the Ineffable.pdf


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232

THOMAS

M.

LENNON

it too varies under
exists only in the mind, because
And
if
extension
exists
conditions.
varying
perceptual
only in the
on
what
for
then
exists
extension,
mind,
depends
example, motion,
only in the mind, and so on. Berkeley's
barrage of argument
against
even
if
is unrelenting,
and yet Hylas with an invincible
materialism
to
after realism continued
hold out, changing
his
confused
hankering
In dramatic
with
and his position
them.
arguments
desperation
is led to say the following:
Philonous
also

that extension

it for nothing,
if you will have it so)
said and reckon
(to pass by all that has been hitherto
to put the whole
it possible
I am content
this issue. If you can conceive
for any
upon
or combination
or any sensible object whatever,
to exist without
of qualities,
the
mixture
to be so.
then I will grant it actually
mind,
soon be decided.
to that the point will
more
If it comes
What
than to
easy
Hylas:
a tree or house
conceive
of, and unperceived
existing
by itself, independent
by, any
I do at this present
time conceive
them existing
after that manner.
mind whatsoever?
can you
say you, Hylas,
that were a contradiction.

Phil. How
Hyl. No,
Phil.
Is

it not

see a thing which

a contradiction

as great

to

talk of

is at the same

time unseen?

a

conceiving

thing

is un

which

conceived?
Hyl.
Phil.

It is.
The

Hyl. How
Phil. And

tree or house,
therefore,
it be otherwise?
should

which

you

think of

is conceived

by you?

what
is conceived
is surely in the mind?
that which
is conceived
is in the mind.
Hyl. Without
question,
a house or tree existing
Phil. How
then came you to say you conceived
out of all minds whatsoever?

independent

and

an oversight,
It is a
but stay, let me consider what
led me into it.
was
a
a
no one
tree
I
As
of
in
where
enough
pleasant
thinking
solitary place
a tree as existing
or
was present
to see it, methought
that was to conceive
unperceived
that I myself
it all the while.
But now I plainly
conceived
of, not considering
unthought

Hyl.

That

was

I own

mistake.

see

in my own
is to frame ideas in my own mind.
Imay
indeed conceive
this is far from
the idea of a tree, or a house, or a mountain,
but that is all. And
out of the minds
of all spirits.
that I can conceive
them existing

that all I can do

thoughts
proving
Phil. You
sensible

acknowledge
should

thing

I do.
Hyl.
Phil. And yet you will
as conceive?
Hyl.

I profess

I know

then
exist

cannot

that you

otherwise

than

earnestly

contend

not what

to think;

possibly
in a mind?

conceive

for the truth of

how

that which

any one

you

cannot

corporeal

so much

for
is not mere hyperbole
claim on behalf of this argument
is never
in the dialogue.
unlike Hylas,
dramatic purposes
Philonous,
or change his mind on anything. Thus
the same
forced to concede
once
argument appears in Berkeley's
again Berkeley
Principles, where

Philonous's