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British Energy .pdf

Original filename: British Energy.pdf
Title: Microsoft Word - Document1
Author: James

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UK Energy – What to do next?
A: Reduce population
If the population could be
reduced by 0.25% per
year it would fall to 52.5
million by 2050, reducing
demand for energy.

B: Wind Farms
The building of more wind
farms could be
encouraged, especially
offshore, so that wind
power can provide 20% of
UK electricity by 2030

Advantages/ Benefits

Would be a long term benefit- more
sustainable and smaller density

Lower population means fewer people to
use resources.

Smaller families would reduce Child Tax
subsidies and Child Benefit Payments, so
lowering some taxes

C: Nuclear power stations

4 new NP stations could
be built so that NP can
provide 10% of UK
electricity by 2030

D: Energy-efficient houses
and transport

People could be
encouraged to be more
energy-efficient in both
their homes and
vehicles Currently 38%
greenhouse gas emissions
comes from this sector

Relatively cheap source of energy
No greenhouse gases produced
Adaptable form of energy that can provide
energy for any consumption level
Cost will continue to fall as turbine
technology improves
UK has 40% of Europe’s potential production
of offshore wind energy 0 3 x UK’s present
energy consumption – we could export
profitably to the rest of Europe!

More likely to die in road accident or at
home than from the radioactive emissions
Very efficient. Only 12 NP stations produce
22% of UK’s electricity
Cheaper production costs per KWh than
other options (pg. 11)

In the long term- more sustainable housing
Reduce emissions of greenhouse gases
(Kyoto agreement on Carbon emissions)
Relatively low maintenance – many aspects
are passive or design-based
Oil and gas will become more expensive
and also be imported from politically
unstable areas such as Iraq, Russia and
Will encourage new industries and
employment in designing and installing
Green Technologies

Disadvantages/ Problems

Not enough direct gov. control and thus uncertain outcome.

Family planning and contraceptives already available in this

Need migrant workers as we are ageing population.

Fewer workers and an ageing population means that without
migrants, workers will pay more taxes to pay for pensions i.e.
higher dependency ratio esp. for elderly

Restriction on personal liberties and choices

Population is likely to stabilise or reduce anyway as we are an
ageing population

Maintenance costs?

Ugly and noisy – local people might argue against a relaxation of
planning restrictions. With a moderately high population density,
finding so many locations might be tricky

Not as efficient as other e.g. nuclear?

Rely on weather – but offshore ones are more reliable

Loss of energy from off-shore also more tricky to construct

Need a lot of wind farms, as they do not produce much power

Other types of renewable energy might be more efficient (e.g.
landfill gas and incinerators)

Costs of wind power fell by 50% in last 25 years. Costs should
continue to decrease.

High safety risk CHERNOBYL

Expensive to build (£1 billion each) – money would come from
taxpayers who might protest

Waste- a decommissioned NP station is unsafe for 135 years

Controversial – local people would protest against building of
new NP Stations

Risk of terrorist attack

Small risk of radioactive leakage

Huge decommissioning costs

By 2025 only 1 of current NP stations working (3% UK energy) so
shortfall of energy without new NP stations

Can’t force people to convert houses

Could be expensive and thus raise costs of new houses

Government has agreed to give grants for energy conservation
and LPG vehicles (equivalent to between one third and one half
of the cost of producing the saved energy)

People for

People against
Centre for

Watch UK

British Wind


Council for
the Protection
of Rural

Royal Society


British Energy

Energy Saving

Oil companies
Association of
British Drivers

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