lokpal bill (PDF)

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Author: Kamal Agarwala

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Critical Issues – Prime Minister
Lokpal should have power to investigate allegations
of corruption against P.M.
PM kept out of Lokpal's purview
Special safeguards provided against frivolous &
mischievous complaints
Critical Issues - Judiciary
Lokpal should have power to investigate allegations
of corruption against judiciary.
Judiciary kept out of Lokpal's purview.
Special safeguards provided against frivolous &
mischievous complaints
Critical Issues - MPs
Lokpal should be able to investigate allegations that
Government has excluded this from Lokpal's
any MP had taken bribe to vote or speak in
Critical Issues – Grievance Redressal
Violation of CITIZEN'S CHARTER (if an officer does
not do a COMMON MAN'S work in prescribed time)
No penalties proposed. So, this will remain only on
by an officer should be penalized and should be
deemed to be corruption.
Critical Issues - CBI
Government wants to retain its hold over CBI.
Anti-corruption branch of CBI should be merged into
With 5 out of 10 members from ruling
establishment, 6 politicians in selection
Broad based selection committee with 2 politicians, 4
committee, ensured that only pliable & weak
judges and 2 independent constitutional authorities.
An independent search committee consisting of retired
people be selected.
constitutional authorities to prepare first list.
Search committee to be selected by selection
A detailed transparent selection process with PUBLIC
No selection process provided.
Critical Issues – Accountability (Lokpal Members)
Accountable to the PEOPLE
Any Citizen can make a complaint to Supreme Court
and seek removal.
Accountable to the Government. Only government
can seek removal of Lokpal
Judicial review over the actions of the Lokpal by the
High Courts under Article 226 and the Supreme
Court under Article 32 and 136
Critical Issues – Accountability (Lokpal Staff)
Complaint against Lokpal staff will be heard by an
Lokpal itself will investigate complaints against its own
staff, thus creating serious conflicts of interest.
independent authority
Critical Issues – Method of Enquiry
CrPC being amended Special protection to the accused
Method would be the same as provided in CrPC like
in any other criminal case.
After preliminary enquiry, an FIR will be registered.
After investigations, case will be presented before a
court, where the trial will take place.

After preliminary enquiry, all evidence provided to the
accused & hearing for why an FIR should no be regd.
against him.
After completion of investigations, again all evidence
provided & hearing for why a case should not be filed
against him in the court.
During investigations, if investigations are to be started
against any new persons, they would also be presented
with all evidence against them and heard.

Critical Issues - Lokayukta
The same bill should provide for Lokpal at centre
Only Lokpal at the centre would be created
and Lokayuktas in states
through this Bill.
Critical Issues – Whistleblower Protection
Lokpal will be required to provide protection to whistle
blowers, witnesses and victims of corruption.

No mention in this law.

Critical Issues – Special Benches in HC
High Courts will set up" special benches to hear
No such provision
appeals in corruption cases to fast track them.
Critical Issues - CrPC

On the basis of past experience on why anticorruption cases take a long time in courts and why
do our agencies lose them, some amendments to
CrPC have been suggested to prevent frequent stay

No included

Critical Issues – Dismissal of Corrupt Government Servant

After completion of investigations, in addition to
filing a case in a court for prosecution, bench of
Lokpal will hold open hearings and decide whether
to remove the government servant from job.

The minister will decide whether to remove a
corrupt officer or not.

Critical Issues - Punishment
Maximum punishment is ten years
Higher punishment if rank of accused is higher
None of these accepted. Only maximum
Higher fines if accused are business entities
punishment raised to 10 years.
If successfully convicted, a business entity should be
blacklisted from future contracts.
Critical Issues – Financial Independence

Lokpal 11 members collectively will decide how
much budget do they need.

Finance ministry will decide the quantum of budget

Critical Issues – Prevent ongoing Corruption

Lokpal will have a duty to take steps to prevent
corruption in any ongoing activity, if brought to his
notice. If need be, Lokpal will obtain orders from
High Court.

No such duties and powers of Lokpal

Critical Issues – Tap Phones
Lokpal bench will grant permission to do so
Home Secretary would grant permission
Critical Issues – Delegation of Powers
Lokpal members will only hear cases against senior
officers and politicians or cases involving huge amounts.
All work will be done by 11 members of Lokpal.
Practically no delegation.
Rest of the work will be done by officers working under
Critical Issues - NGOs
All NGOs, big or small, even unregistered, are
Only government funded NGOs covered
Critical Issues – False, Frivolous & Vexatious Complaints
2-5 years of imprisonment & fine,
The accused can file complaint against complainant in
No imprisonment, only fines on complainants.
a court.
Lokpal will decide whether a complaint is frivolous
Prosecutor and all expenses of this case will be
provided by the government to the accused
or vexatious or false.
The complainant will also have to pay a compensation
to the accused

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