Genetic evidence that Darwin was right about.pdf
ably doomed to rise further, unless policymakers
will at least realise and admit that criminality,
far from being a consequence of environmental
socioeconomic factors, is essentially a biological
phenomenon that reflects genetically determined
antisocial predispositions. As such, criminality,
and especially its worst expression, namely, premeditated homicidal violence, should be regarded
as a public health problem  and must be prevented with modern policies based on science,
not on obsolete ideological dogmas or ‘‘moral’’
principles invented extemporaneously by philosophers in the last minute of the evolutionary clock
Evolution, not philosophy, originated morality
[5,6], which explains why most humans, driven by
the genetically conserved ‘‘egalitarian motives’’
[118,119] and altruistic behaviours that enabled
the small ancestral groups to survive in their hostile surroundings , feel the moral imperative to
reduce poverty and socioeconomic inequalities.
Likewise, most humans, driven by the evolutionary
, altruistic [119,120,122], neurobiological
[121,122] punitive instinct that enabled those small
hunter-gatherer groups to prevent their extinction
by executing socially destructive deviants ,
also feel the moral imperative to use capital punishment for reducing the cold-bloodedly premeditated assassinations of countless honest citizens,
including innocent children .
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