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Title: Ethical dilemma/issues in IT Practice
Author: pcadviento

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Ethical dilemma/issues
in IT Practice
3rd Quarter (SY2011-2012)
School of Information Technology
MAPUA Makati

Ethical issues
• It poses an ethical dilemma considering its
implications to society.
• Cybercrimes, phishing, piracy, hacking, privacy
& confidentiality, freedom & censorship of

• Any criminal activity that uses a computer
either as an instrumentality, target or means
of perpetuating a crime comes within the
ambit of cybercrime.

Ethical issues in software
• Process of software application development
takes time and effort.
• Due to time and money constraints, as well as
the obstacles they face to make a product,
software companies and developers are often
tempted to perform unethical and illegal acts
to perform their goals.

Ethical issues in software
1.Using open source code in their own code
without properly crediting the source;
2.Using illegal software to perform their tasks;
3.Reverse engineering code to find out how a
process works;
4. Not addressing known bugs; and
5. Taking talent from the competition.

Ethical issues in software
1. Using open source code
- Open source: source code that is readily
available to the user. The application contains
the source code that was used to create the
- Violation of digital media copyright

Ethical issues in software
2. Using illegal software
- Use of pirated copy of sofware (an illegal
copy of a software package)
- Violating the software license: using the
software that does not follow licensing rules

Ethical issues in software
3. Reverse engineering code to find out how a
process works
- Reverse engineering is the process of
decompiling an application in order to reveal
the source code.
- Is reverse engineering done to test security
problems or find out how the code works to
make the program compatible with other
hardware platforms ethical?

Ethical issues in software
4. Not addressing known bugs
- Bug: an error or defect in software or
hardware that causes a program to

Ethical issues in software
5. Taking talent from competition
- Non-compete agreement: a document
signed by an employee that promises the said
employee will not work for a direct competitor
for a specific amount of time after he/she
leaves the company.

Ethical issues in software
• Solving ethical problems:
1. Must be aware of license conditions and
avoid the use of pirated software;
2. Perfect quality assurance;
2. Be informed of non-compete agreements
and fair use with reverse engineering; and
4. Ethical guidelines on software development
and use.

Ethical issues in Intellectual
Property Protection
• Intellectual property- is defined as the
property derived from the work of the mind or
intellect by an idea, invention or process.
• The value of intellectual and artistic works
comes from the creativity, ideas, research,
skills, labor and other nonmaterial efforts and
attributes provided by their creators.

Ethical Issues in Intellectual
Property Protection
1. Attribution or ownership
- Establishing that a particular individual or
firm as the creator of the program or IT
2. Economic incentives
- High costs in the development of IT
products/services results to exhorbitant costs
– Expensive IT products/services lead to
piracy and intellectual property theft

Ethical Issues in Intellectual
Property Protection
3. Legal recognition
- Limited information or knowledge of IT
professionals on intellectual property laws

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