The body utilises carbohydrates primarily for energy.
There are three types of carbs, simple (sugars), complex
(starches) and non starch polysaccharides.
Monosaccharides are Glucose, fructose and galactose
Disaccharides are a combination of monosaccharide’s
• Sucrose = glucose + fructose
• Lactose = glucose + glactose
• Maltose = glucose + glucose
Larger sugar structures are called polysaccharides. They are
many glucose units built together into long, complex chains
commonly found in naturally occurring foods.
Fibre (non-starch polysaccharides)
Large non-starch carbohydrate structures that are difficult to
digest. They are both insoluble (cellulose, lignin, pectin) and
soluble (gums and mucilayes). Fibre does not provide much in
the way of energy but helps with the transportation of food
through the gut.
15g of these in a product is considered as high and
First off, scrap all things white, white pasta, white bread, white
rice and change it to wholemeal, not brown, but wholemeal.
Wholemeal foods are foods that have not been processed or
change, they still have all the goodness locked up inside ready
to be released.