AR 37 11.urashVITD .pdf

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1
Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal
influenza A in schoolchildren
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
May 2010, No. 5, pp. 1255-60
Mitsuyoshi Urashima, Takaaki Segawa, Minoru Okazaki, Mana Kurihara, Yasuyuki
Wada, and Hiroyuki Ida
KEY POINTS FROM THIS STUDY:
1)
Prior to this study, no rigorously designed clinical trial had evaluated the
relation between vitamin D and physician diagnosed seasonal influenza.
2)
This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing
vitamin D3 supplements (1200 IU/d) with placebo in schoolchildren.
3)
The seasonal oscillation of flu may be related to serum vitamin D
concentrations because serum vitamin D concentrations up-regulate innate
immunity.
4)
Serum concentrations of vitamin D decrease in winter by half of summer
levels.
5)
During a randomized controlled trial performed to determine whether vitamin
D could prevent osteoporosis, cold and flu symptoms were reported 3 times less
often in the vitamin D group than in the placebo group.
6)
“In this randomized clinical trial, daily supplementation with 1200 IU vitamin
D3 in school children between December and March showed a significant preventive
effect against influenza A.”
7)
In this study, “vitamin D supplementation possibly enhanced innate immunity
by up-regulating antimicrobial peptides, including defensin, and protected children
from influenza A infection.”
8)
“Vitamin D may soften the clinical symptoms and signs of influenza by
reducing cytokine secretion.”
9)
Taking vitamin D3 supplements for 1 y in a dose up to 2000 IU per day in
schoolchildren has been shown to be safe. It takes 3 months to reach a steady
state of vitamin D concentrations by supplementation.
10) “In this study, vitamin D3 significantly reduced the incidence of influenza A
within 60 days.”
11)

“Asthma attacks were significantly suppressed by vitamin D3.”

2
12) “In conclusion, our study suggests that vitamin D3 supplementation during
the winter season may reduce the incidence of influenza A.”
13) “Moreover, asthma attacks were also prevented by vitamin D3
supplementation.”


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