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Current Affairs PDF February 2013

WWW.JAGRANJOSH.COM

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CURRENT AFFAIRS PDF
FEBRUARY 2013

www.jagranjosh.com

Current Affairs PDF February 2013
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Current Affairs PDF February 2013

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Table of Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................................................ 9
Pick of the Month ......................................................................................................................... 10
Union Budget 2013-14: Projected Expenditure Rs 16.65 Trillion ......................................... 10
Railway Budget 2013-14: Passenger Amenities, Main Priority ............................................ 12
Economic Survey of India 2012-13: An Overview and Highlights ......................................... 13
Nicos Anastasiades Won Cyprus Presidential Elections ....................................................... 14
India Got a Go Ahead on Kishanganga Project ..................................................................... 15
First India-Japan Maritime Affairs Dialogue was held .......................................................... 17
Ahmadinejad is first Iranian President to visit Egypt since 1979 .......................................... 18
President’s Assent to Criminal Law (AMDT.) Ordinance, 2013 ............................................ 18
SC: Seize operations of Unsuccessful Bidders of 2G Spectrum ............................................ 20
ISRO's PSLV-C20 Rocket successfully launched SARAL ......................................................... 21
Afzal Guru, the Convict of Parliament Attack 2001 Hanged ................................................. 22
Zhuang Zedong, Three-Time World Table Tennis Champion Died ....................................... 23
Giuseppe held on Bribe Charges in Defence Helicopter Deal .............................................. 23
Australia clinched ICC Women’s World Cup Trophy............................................................. 24
First Complete Bionic Man of the World Unveiled ............................................................... 26
World’s First Mercury Treaty adopted by 140 Countries ..................................................... 26
International ................................................................................................................................. 28
Hamadi Jebali, Resigned from Post of Prime Minister of Tunisia ......................................... 28
Prime Minister of Bulgaria Resigned Because of Protests.................................................... 28
Trade Deficit of Japan Hit Record in January 2013 ............................................................... 29
India & Sri Lanka Signed Agreement On Combating Terrorism............................................ 30
India and UAE agreed improve their Trade Relations .......................................................... 30
India-US Joint Working Group held its 10th Meet ................................................................ 30
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India and France agreed to Cooperate on Counter Terrorism ............................................. 31
Pakistan approved Deal to Hand over Gwadar Port to China .............................................. 32
India and Austria signed a Social Security Pact..................................................................... 32
United States of America filed a Civil Lawsuit against S&P .................................................. 33
Jackie Chan Selected As Member of Chinese Parliament..................................................... 33
India at 140th Position in Latest World Press Freedom Index ............................................. 33
International Quizzes ............................................................................................................ 34
World Dairy ................................................................................................................................... 38
National ......................................................................................................................................... 40
Panel to Examine issues of Cinematograph Act 1952 .......................................................... 40
SC: Govt. to notify Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal Award ............................................... 41
Committee to Review Functioning of Prasar Bharti ............................................................. 41
Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram launched in Thane ........................................................ 43
My India Initiative-A Digital Volunteer Programme ............................................................. 43
First Ever Live Twitter Conference arranged by Ministry of I&B .......................................... 44
PSL to Minorities Crossed 15 Percent Mark in 2012-2013 ................................................... 44
New 15 Point Programme for Welfare of Minorities ........................................................... 45
CBI Registered Case against Airtel and Tata Communications ............................................. 45
Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Bill approved ................................................. 46
NACO signed MoU with Ministry of Health and Family Welfare .......................................... 46
National Quizzes ................................................................................................................... 47
India Dairy ..................................................................................................................................... 51
Economy........................................................................................................................................ 53
BHEL & GAIL Granted Maharatna Status by Union Government ......................................... 53
ED Slapped 98.5 Crore Rupees Penalty on Rajasthan Royals ............................................... 53
CCEA gave its nod to Price Pooling Mechanism on Coal ...................................................... 54

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Economic Growth of India Estimated to Fall To 5 Percent ................................................... 54
TRAI: Teledensity declined by 25.97 Million to 895.51 Million ............................................ 55
CCEA approved Increase of MSP of Copra for 2013 Season ................................................. 55
Railway Revenue Earnings increased by 20.38 Per Cent ...................................................... 56
Exports of India Increased By 0.8 Per Cent in January 2013 ................................................ 56
Comfort Letter issued by Finance Ministry........................................................................... 57
SEBI ordered to Freeze Accounts of Two Companies of Sahara .......................................... 58
Inflation went Down to Three Years Low to 6.62 percent s ................................................. 59
Uttar Pradesh Budget 2013-14: 221201.19 crore rupees Budget ........................................ 59
RBI issued Guidelines for Licensing of New Private Banks ................................................... 60
Economy Current Affairs Quizzes ......................................................................................... 62
Corporate ...................................................................................................................................... 65
Zovi, the Online Fashion Retailer Acquired Rival Inkfruit ..................................................... 65
Bharti Airtel Launched Emergency Alert Service for Women............................................... 65
Thirty Software Companies Separated From NASSCOM ...................................................... 66
ICICI Partnered With Aircel to Launch Mobile Banking Service............................................ 67
Makemytrip Launched Application Called Routeplanner ..................................................... 67
Flightsafety International Entered India ............................................................................... 67
Times Television Network Tied Up With MSM Discovery Pvt. Ltd. ...................................... 68
SC asked SEBI to Freeze Accounts of Two Companies of Sahara ......................................... 68
GAIL (India) Signed MOU with EDF Trading .......................................................................... 69
Parle-G is 1st Indian FMCG Brand to Cross Rs 5000 Crore Mark .......................................... 70
MCX-SX, Third National Stock Exchange Made Debut in India ............................................. 70
M&M Acquired Stake of Navistar International Corporation .............................................. 73
Twitter launched Pay-By-Tweet Services.............................................................................. 73
Telecom Operator Uninor closed its Operations in Mumbai ............................................... 73

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AMR Sealed 11 Billion US Dollars Merger with US Airways ................................................. 73
Pre-Consultation Paper on Mobile Number Portability Issued ............................................ 74
NTPC Signed 250 Million US $ Loan Agreement with Banks ................................................ 74
Bharat Heavy Plate & Vessels Ltd. (BHPV) Merged With BHEL ............................................ 75
Corporate Current Affair Quizzes ......................................................................................... 75
State .............................................................................................................................................. 78
Medical Treatment to be given to Criminal Offence Victims ............................................... 78
ADB Gave 100 Million US Dollar Loan to Uttarakhand ......................................................... 78
India & World Bank signed a Deal for KWDP II ..................................................................... 79
HC ordered Gujarat to Implement Scholarship Scheme ...................................................... 80
CCI approved proposal for NKSTPP, Jharkhand .................................................................... 81
Kerala Raised Age Limit to Buy and Sell Liquor from 18 to 21 ............................................. 81
Assam, First Indian State to produce over 500 million kg Tea ............................................. 81
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) Projects Receive a Nod ............................................ 81
Sports ............................................................................................................................................ 84
MS Dhoni Named as the Vice-President of India Cements .................................................. 84
Glenn McGrath Joined Australian Cricket Hall of Fame ....................................................... 84
Marussia F1 Team Unveiled Their New Formula 1 Car, MR02 ............................................. 85
India won 46 Medals in 2013 Pyeongchang Special Olympics ............................................. 85
CCI Slapped a Penalty of 52.24 crore on BCCI ...................................................................... 86
Ranchi Rhinos won Inaugural Hockey India League ............................................................. 87
Sachin Tendulkar equaled Sunil Gavaskar’s record .............................................................. 88
Lydia Ko is Youngest Winner Of European Tour Golf Event ................................................. 88
Horacio Zeballos Won VTR OPEN 2013 ................................................................................ 88
A. Mathews appointed Captain of the Sri Lankan Cricket Team .......................................... 89
S. Williams Became World Number One Women’s Tennis Player ....................................... 89

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FIFA confirmed use of Goal-Line Technology at 2014 World Cup ........................................ 90
Marina Erakovic Won Her First WTA Title ............................................................................ 90
Sports Current Affairs Quizzes .............................................................................................. 91
Environment Ecology .................................................................................................................... 93
First Wildlife Skywalk of India to Come Up in Sikkim ........................................................... 93
Various Indian Reptiles Face Severe Extinction Threat: Study ............................................. 93
NASA Study Revealed Alarming Loss of Water in Middle East ............................................. 93
Committee to Examine Cover on Elephant Habitats Constituted ........................................ 95
Hydro Projects worth 2500 MW accorded Clearance .......................................................... 96
Nepal Started Census of Endangered Species Tigers ............................................................ 96
Shells of Snails Provide Information about Ancient Climate ................................................ 97
Science & Technology ................................................................................................................... 98
NASA Marks 10th Anni. of Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster ............................................... 98
NASA Scientists Discovered a 10-M-Year Old Star ............................................................... 98
Scientists Created World’s First Digital Atlas of Brain .......................................................... 99
Japanese Scientists Filmed Thoughts of a Fish for First Time............................................... 99
NASA’s Mars Rover, Curiosity Drilled into First Martian Rock ............................................ 100
NASA Satellite Data Found Freshwater Losses in Middle East ........................................... 100
Researchers Discovered Water on the Oldest Rocks of Moon ........................................... 101
Researchers Discovered Water on the Oldest Rocks of Moon ........................................... 102
Science and Technology Quizzes ........................................................................................ 102
One Liners ................................................................................................................................... 105
News Capsule .............................................................................................................................. 108
P.R. Vasudeva Rao Appointed As Director of IGCAR .......................................................... 108
NASA launched a New Communication Satellite called TDRS ............................................ 108
First Direct Presidential Election was held in Czech Republic ............................................ 109

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Sir Issac Newton’s 300-Year-Old Textbooks Discovered .................................................... 109
Report: India accounts to 86 % Oral Cancer Figure ............................................................ 109
R. Nariman Solicitor-General of India resigned from his Office ......................................... 110
Earthquake of magnitude 8.0 struck the Solomon Islands ................................................. 110
Union Cabinet approved DRDO for developing AWACS for IAF ......................................... 111
Obama Nominated Sally Jewell as U.S. Interior Secretary ................................................. 111
World’s Largest Prime Number Discovered........................................................................ 112
Union Government of India approved setting up of NPCA ................................................ 112
Pt. R. Shankar Honoured With Grammy Award ................................................................. 113
Pope Benedict XVI announced his Resignation .................................................................. 113
Delhi Declaration of SAAN concluded ................................................................................. 114
Allahabad Stampede during Mauni Amavasya ................................................................... 115
Mohan Parasaran Appointed As the Solicitor General of India .......................................... 115
Seventeenth Convocation of the NIMHANS held in Bangalore .......................................... 116
Asteroid 2012 DA14 to Pass through Earth Poses No Threat ............................................. 117
Int. Con. on Traditional Medicine for SE Asian Countries................................................... 117
One Billion Rising Campaign launched ............................................................................... 118
Meteorite exploded over the Skies of Russia ..................................................................... 119
Twenty-Seventh edition of Surajkund Mela ended ............................................................ 119
Ecuador’s President Rafael Correa Re-elected for a Third Term ........................................ 120
Ela Bhatt Conferred 2011 Indira Gandhi Prize .................................................................... 120
Judicial Probe in Kumbh Railway Station Stampede ordered ............................................ 121
NASA Re-Established Contact with ISS after 3 Hours ......................................................... 121
Black Money Generated In India Would Exceed 10 % of GDP ........................................... 121
T. Livni entered into Coalition Deal with Benjamin Netanyahu ......................................... 122
Ratan Tata Awarded with Life Time Achievement Award 2012 ......................................... 123

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Two Blasts in Hyderabad claimed 14 Lives and left 119 Injured ........................................ 123
NASA Scientists spotted Youngest Black Hole in Milky Way .............................................. 124
Silk Route Car Rally from Kolkata to Kunming .................................................................... 124
Usha Mehra Commission Submitted its Report to Government........................................ 125
Questions of the Month.............................................................................................................. 126

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PREFACE
The Current Affairs PDF Magazine February 2013 includes the happenings of February Month.
Current Affairs makes you aware of the latest happenings of the world in almost every section
like Economy, Corporate, National, International, Science And Technology as well as
Environment and Ecology, Sports happenings and Issues of different States of the country.
Hence, it is a helpful guide for candidates of different levels of competitive examination. The
magazine that we provide has been drafted to meet the requirements of different level of
exams including IAS|PCS, SSC, Banking, MBA as well as Board Exams of CBSE and State Boards.
An expert team work hard to analyse the importance of every event in accordance to their
occurrence and try to provide you with an accurate data in all formats, so that your way ahead
to competitive exams becomes easier. Before being included in the magazine, the events have
been evaluated using genuine methods and represented in a way that it meets the
requirements of the readers in the best way. The Current Affairs PDF magazine provided by us
is reliable and one to depend on it for their preparation in terms of current affairs. The PDF is
planned to help you remember the events with a better perception. The perception of the
stories allows a candidate to apply the theories behind the making of the event and face the
challenges during the exams everywhere.

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PICK OF THE MONTH
UNION BUDGET 2013-14: PROJECTED EXPENDITURE RS 16.65 TRILLION
The Union Budget 2013-14 estimated a total expenditure of 16.65 trillion rupees and displayed
concerns towards fiscal deficit, slow growth and high inflation.

UNION BUDGET 2013:14: HIGHLIGHTS


Total budget expenditure was Estimated at 16.65 trillion rupees in 2013-14



India's 2013-14 plan expenditure seen at 5.55 trillion rupees



To allocate 801.94 billion rupees to rural development in 2013-14



Plan to allocate 270.49 billion rupees for agriculture in 2013-14



RBI expected GDP growth of 5.5% for Financial Year 2013-14



80194 crore rupees allocation have been made for rural development schemes including
MGNAREGA, PMGSY, and INDIRA AWAS YOYANA. The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban
Renewal Mission will to continue during the 12th plan period.



3511 crore allocation to minorities which is 12 per cent hike over budget estimates, 110
crore rupees allotted for welfare of disabled.



65867 crore rupees have been allocated to the Ministry of Human resources
development which is 17 per cent hike over the revised estimates.



500 Crore rupees have been earmarked for high tech crop diversification program.



Allocations also include 13215 crore rupees for mid day meal programme. 27,049 crore
rupees for agricultural ministry and additional 200 crore to women and child Welfare
Ministry.



14000 crore Rupees will be provided for PSB recapitalization. He will constitute a panel
on transaction costs, and financial policies.



Education gets 65867 crore rupees, an increase of 17 percent over RE for 2012-13.



ICDS gets 17700 crore rupees. This is 11.7 percent more than the current year.



Drinking water and sanitation will receive 15260 crore rupees. 1,400 crore was provided
for setting up water purification plants to cover arsenic and fluoride affected rural areas.



Health and Family Welfare Ministry had been allotted 37330 crore rupees.

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Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) Refinance Fund doubled to an
amount of 10000 crore rupees.



Plans of Government are to encourage PPP projects along with Coal India.



P Chidambaram announced setting up of a new all-women's bank.



1000 crore Rupees initial capital for a new women's bank which will be another public
sector bank. The Bank will be set up by October 2013.



An amount of additional 10000 crore rupees allotted for Food Security Bill in FY14.



3000 km of road projects will be awarded in first six months of FY14.



Finance ministry approved 50000 crore Rupees tax-free bonds in FY14. The government
expects to raise 25000 crore rupees via tax-free bonds in FY13.



Refinancing capacity of SIDBI rose to Rs. 10,000 crore.



Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (TUFS) for textile to continue in 12th Plan with an
investment target of 151000 crore Rupees.



14000 crore Rupees will be provided to public sector banks for capital infusion in 201314.



A grant of 100 crore each has been made to 4 institutions of excellence including Aligarh
Muslim University, Banaras Hindu University, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Guwahati
and Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural.



Heritage (INTACH).



New taxes to yield 18000 crore Rupees.



A surcharge of 10 percent on persons (other than companies) whose taxable income
exceeds Rs.1 crore has been levied.



Tobacco products, SUVs and Mobile Phones to cost more.



Relief of Rs. 2000 for the tax payers in the first bracket of 2 to 5 lakhs.



Voluntary Compliance Encouragement Scheme launched for recovering service tax dues.



9000 crore Rupees earmarked as the first installment of balance of CST compensations
to different States/UTs.

Union Budget 2013-14: List of Commodities on which Taxes Increased or Decreased
Union Budget 2013-2014: New Plans and Schemes Introduced and Proposed
Union Budget 2013-14: Allocation of Funds to the Social Sector

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Union Budget 2013-14: Allocation of Funds to Industrial Sector
Union Budget 2013-14: Allocation to Rural Development, Agriculture and Food Security

RAILWAY BUDGET 2013-14: PASSENGER AMENITIES, MAIN PRIORITY
The Thrust of this year Railway Budget was on Safety, Consolidation, Passenger Amenities and
Fiscal Discipline and 106 new trains (67 Express trains, 26 passenger services, 8 DEMU and 5
MEMU) are to be launched on different routes.

MAJOR HIGHLIGHTS AT A GLANCE


Deployment of new generation energy efficient electric locomotives and EMUs.



Five Percent Increase in freight to push Inflation.



Elimination of 10797 level crossings during the 12th Plan and no addition of new LCs to
the IR system henceforth.



Introduction of Train Protection Warning System on Automatic Signaling Systems.



Rigorous trials of the indigenously developed Train Collision Avoidance System.



Four companies of women RPF personnel set up and another 8 to be set up to
strengthen the security of rail passengers, especially women passengers



Recruitment to RPF with 10% vacancies reserved for women.



No increase in passenger fares



500-km new lines to be completed in 2013-14



Diesel price hike added 3300 crore rupees to fuel bill of Railways



Railways hopes to end 2013-14 with a balance of 12506 crore rupees



Concessional fare for sportspersons



Five fellowships to be announced to motivate students



Seek to fill 1.52 lakh vacancies in railways this year. 47000 vacancies for weaker sections
and physically challenged to be filled up soon



Target of 4000 crore rupees for railway production units in 2014



Induction of e-ticketing through mobile phones, SMS alerts to passengers



Free Wi-Fi facilities in select trains. 60 more 'Adarsh' stations

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The number of passenger trains has increased from 8000 in 2001 to over 12000 in 2012
- yet losses continue to mount. It is estimated to be Rs. 24000 crore in 2012-13



Proposal for setting up of Railway Tariff Regulatory Authority formulated and at interministerial consultation stage.



Supplementary charges for super fast trains, reservation fee, clerkage charge,
cancellation charge and tatkal charge marginally increased.



Complimentary card passes to Olympic medalist and Dronacharya Awardees for
Rajdhani Shatabdi Trains.



Announcement Facility and Electronic display boards in train.

Railway Budget 2013-14: 67 New Express Trains Announced
Railway budget 2013-14: New Initiatives
Railway Budget 2013-14: New Plans and Schemes

ECONOMIC SURVEY OF INDIA 2012-13: AN OVERVIEW AND HIGHLIGHTS
High rates as well as policy constraints adversely impacted investment and thus the growth of
GDP and other macro aggregates achieved was 5.0 percent in the economic survey 2012-13,
which was 1.2 percent less than that of 2011-12.

THE MAJOR HIGHLIGHTS OF THE ECONOMIC SURVEY 2012-13 ARE


GDP growth seen at 6.1-6.7 percent in 2013/14



Government target for fiscal deficit is 4.8 pct of GDP in 2013/14



Government target for fiscal deficit is 3 pct of GDP in 2016/17



Headline WPI inflation may decline to 6.2-6.6 pct by March2013



Focus on curbing imports, making oil prices more market determined to reign in current
account deficit



Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) flows need to be targeted towards long-term rupee
instruments



Prioritisation of expenditure seen as key ingredient of credible medium-term fiscal
consolidation plan



Raising tax to GDP ratio to more than 11 percent seen as critical for sustaining fiscal
consolidation

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Room for accommodative monetary policy with expected fiscal consolidation



India likely to meet fiscal deficit target of 5.3 pct of GDP in 2012/13, despite significant
shortfall in revenues



Recommends curbing gold imports to reign in current account deficit



Room to increase exports in the short run limited



Industrial output seen growing around 3 pct in 2012/13



Government priority to fight inflation by reducing fiscal impetus to demand as well as by
focusing on incentivizing food production



More jobs in low productivity construction sector



Balance of Payments under pressure with net exports decline



Service sector has shown more resilience despite global slowdown



Pitches for hike in price of diesel and LPG to cut subsidy burden



Railway freight grows by 5.1 per cent in 2012-13



Foreign Exchange reserves remains steady at USD 295.6 Billion at December 2012 end

NICOS ANASTASIADES WON CYPRUS PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
Nicos Anastasiades, the centre-right DISY (the Democratic Rally) party leader won the
presidential elections of Cyprus on 24 February 2013 with 57.5 percent votes. The term of his
office starts from 28 February 2013. Nicos Anastasiades had a very easy-going victory over
Communist-backed Stavros Malas who secured 42.5 percent votes in the election.

MAJOR CHALLENGES TO BE FACED BY NICOS ANASTASIADES
The major challenge that would be faced by Nicos
Anastasiades is that Cyprus is standing on the verge of
bankruptcy because of knock-on effect of the economic
despair of Greece. Nicos Anastasiades after winning
therefore declared that his first priority would be to
reinstate the credibility of Cyprus. For this, he would
favour deals with the foreign lenders.
The economy of Cyprus is in recession. Back in July 2012, Cyprus had also asked European
Union for bailout in order to shore up the banks. As a result of the bailout deal for Greece as
well as restructuring of debts, private bondholders had to suffer losses, resulting in Cyprus’s
banks losing 75 percent of the investments.

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New president Nicos Anastasiades would be required to finalise the deal with 16 countries
which use Euro as the currency as well as with International Monetary Fund (IMF). The aim of
the newly elected president would also be to exploit the immense natural gas, which in turn
would bring energy as well as income.

ABOUT NICOS ANASTASIADES


Nicos Anastasiades is a 66-year old lawyer and a member of the Cyprus’s parliament
since 1981.



He is the leader of centre-right DISY (the Democratic Rally) party since 1997.



Nicos Anastasiades would be replacing the former President of Cyprus, Dimitris
Christofias who served the office from 28 February 2008 and will remain into the
designation till the end of his term on 28 February 2013. Dimitris Christofias belonged to
the Progressive Party of Working People.

IMPORTANT FACTS


Presidential elections took place in the Republic of Cyprus on 17 February 2013. None of
the candidates received 50 percent of the overall votes from first round. Eventually, a
runoff took place on 24 February 2013 where Nicos Anastasiades emerged as the
winner.



The President of the Republic of Cyprus is also known as the head of the state as well as
the head of the government of Cyprus.



The office of the President of Cyprus was formed in 1960 after the country achieved its
freedom from the UK.

INDIA GOT A GO AHEAD ON KISHANGANGA PROJECT
The Court of Arbitration at The Hague on 18 February 2013 allowed India to go ahead with the
Construction of the Kishanganga hydro-electric project in Gurez valley near Bandipura in North
Kashmir, the court rejected the plea of Pakistan that the construction was a violation of 1960
Indus Water Treaty.
The Court of Arbitration, chaired by Stephen M. Schwebel in its orders stated that India can
move ahead with the diversion of water plans of Kishanganga that is a tributary of Jhelum, for
generation of hydro-electric power. But it restrained India from adoption of the drawdown
technique of flushing for clearing the sedimentation of the run-of-the river project that had
been designed and asked it to adopt a different technique for generation of 330 MW power
facilities. The Court had also demanded the environmental flows statistics of the project.

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Bhaswati Mukherjee, Indian Ambassador and her Pakistani counterpart Fauzia Mazhar Sana
received the Judgment of the Court at The Hague.
Pakistan initiated the arbitration against India with a charge that India violated the provisions of
the Water Treaty between the two countries. But India denied the charges forced on to it by
explain that the country reserved its rights to divert the water from one of the tributaries of
Jhelum to another.

ISSUES FOR PAKISTAN FROM ITS PERSPECTIVE
Pakistan on 17 May 2010 raised objections on the making of the Kishanganga Hydro-power
project for which it demanded setting up of the Court of Arbitration.

ISSUES RAISED BY PAKISTAN IN THE COURT OF ARBITRATION


The project is being developed at the downstream of Kishanganga River that is known
by the name Neelam in Pakistan and is a tributary of Jhelum. India is diverting the
waters of the river from the dam site to Bonar Madmati Nallah that is another tributary
of Jhelum.



India planned to use modern drawdown flushing technique for sedimentation
management in the dam. The technique requires waters to be brought below the dead
storage level (as per the treaty the water can be reduced below the dead storage level
only in cases of unforeseen emergency) and was this plan was accepted by the neutral
expert during the Bahlihar dispute with Pakistan.

In June 2011, the members from the Court of Arbitration, The Hague visited India as well as
Pakistan for inspection of the site.

BRIEF PROVISIONS OF INDUS WATERS TREATY 1960
i. The Indus system of rivers comprises three Eastern Rivers (Ravi, Beas and Sutlej and their
tributaries) and threes Western Rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab and their tributaries).
ii. The Indus Waters Treaty 1960 was signed on 19.09.1960 between India and Pakistan. It is
however effective from 01.04.1960.
iii. Under the Treaty, the waters of Eastern Rivers are allocated to India. India is under
obligation to let flow the waters of the Western Rivers except for the following uses:
(a) Domestic Use
(b) Non-consumptive use
(c) Agricultural use as specified

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(d) Generation of hydro-electric power as specified
ix. The Commissioners of the Indus Waters may discuss the questions arising under the Treaty
under Article IX of the Treaty related to Settlement of Differences and Disputes and in the case
of non-resolution, take further action under this Article for resolution through a Neutral Expert,
negotiators or Court of Arbitration.

ARTICLES UNDER CONSIDERATION


Article III (2): Let flow all waters of the Western Rivers and not permit any interference
with the water



Article IV (6): Both the countries require use of the best endeavors at each other’s end
for maintenance of natural channels of the rivers and should avoid all the steps that
may obstruct the flow of these rivers creating a material damage at the end of any of
the two parties.

As per Pakistan, the diversion of the water of Kishanganga as well as implementation of the
drawdown flushing technique at Kishanganga project as well as other hydro-electric plants
were the violation of the Treat signed in 1960, named Indus Water Treaty.

KISHANGANGA PROJECT
Kishanganga hydro-electric power project is a 330 MW project under its construction phase on
the Kishanganga River and is developed by the National Power Corporation in Gurez Valley,
near Bandipura in North Kashmir. The work on the project started in the year 1992. The
Kishanganga hydro-electric project is a 3600 crore project. Kishanganga is called Neelam in
Pakistan.

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION
The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) was established during the First Hague Peace
Conference 1899 by a treaty. It is an intergovernmental organization (IGO) that provides a
variety of dispute resolution services to the international community. It provides resolution to
the disputes related to intergovernmental organizations, states, state entities and private
parties. PCA is located in The Hague, Netherland.
PCA provides services for the resolution of disputes involving various combinations of states,
state entities, intergovernmental organisations, and private parties. The PCA can assist in the
selection of arbitrators, and may be called upon to designate or act as appointing authority.

FIRST INDIA-JAPAN MARITIME AFFAIRS DIALOGUE WAS HELD
The first India-Japan Maritime Affairs Dialogue was held in New Delhi on 29 January 2013.
Issues of mutual interest were discussed, inter alia, maritime security including non-traditional
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threats, cooperation in shipping, marine sciences and technology, marine biodiversity and
cooperation at various multilateral forums.
The Indian delegation was led by DB Venkatesh Varma, Joint Secretary (Disarmament and
International Security Affairs), in the Ministry of External Affairs and the Japanese delegation by
Mr. Kazuyuki Yamazaki, Deputy Director General (Ambassador), Foreign Policy Bureau, Ministry
of Foreign Affairs of Japan.

AHMADINEJAD IS FIRST IRANIAN PRESIDENT TO VISIT EGYPT SINCE 1979
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the President of Iran on 5
February 2013 became the first Iranian leader to visit
Egypt after Tehran's 1979 Islamic revolution. He flew
into the Egyptian capital city Cairo for attending the
summit of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
(OIC) that started on 6 Feb 2013. Ahmadinejad’s visit
to Egypt was scheduled to improve the ties between
the two countries.
During this historic visit to Egypt, Ahmadinejad received a red carpet welcome by the President
of Egypt, Mohamed Morsi. The Presidents of the two nations discussed on the ways to improve
relations between them and to resolve the Syrian crisis without resorting to military
intervention. During his visit to the al-Azhar, an ancient mosque, a shoe was thrown on
Ahmadinejad by a Syrian protestor after which he managed to flee from there.

TEHRAN'S 1979 ISLAMIC REVOLUTION
The Islamic Revolution of 1979 was the series of events that took place for overthrowing the
Pahlavi dynasty under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, which was then replaced by the Islamic
republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution.

REASON FOR TENSIONS BETWEEN IRAN AND EGYPT
The relations between the two countries went sour since late 1970’s, when Anwar Sadat
(Egypt), the predecessor of Hosni Mubarak concluded a peace treaty with Israel in 1979 to
became an ally with the Western Powers, namely Europe and United States. This was the time,
when Iran stood against the influence of Western Power in the Middle East. The other reason
for the tension is naming of a street in Tehran by the name of the Islamist, who was responsible
for the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981.

PRESIDENT’S ASSENT TO CRIMINAL LAW (AMDT.) ORDINANCE, 2013
The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee on 3 February 2013 agreed to the Criminal Law
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2013 for sharpening the laws against sexual assault. The President

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mandated harsher punishment such as death penalty for the offenders in such cases where the
victim either dies or lands into the vegetative state. The amended law would come into force
almost immediately.

FEATURES OF THE CRIMINAL LAW (AMENDMENT) ORDINANCE, 2013
This Ordinance may be called the Criminal Law
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2013. It shall come into
force at once.


Insertion of new section 166A to the
Indian Penal Code: Public servant
disobeying direction under law.



Insertion of new sections 326A and 326B
to the Indian Penal Code: Voluntarily causing grievous hurt by use of acid, voluntarily
throwing or attempting to throw acid.



Insertion of new sections 354A, 354B, 354C and 354D to the Indian Penal Code: Sexual
harassment and punishment for sexual harassment, Assault or use of criminal force to
woman with intent to disrobe, voyeurism, stalking.



Substitution of new sections 370 and 370A for section 370 to the Indian Penal Code:
Trafficking of person, employing of a trafficked person.



Substitution of new sections for sections 375, 376, 376A, 376B, 376C and 376D to the
Indian Penal Code: Sexual assault, punishment for sexual assault, punishment for
causing death or resulting in persistent vegetative state of the victim, sexual assault by
husband upon his wife during separation, sexual intercourse by a person in authority,
sexual assault by gang and punishment for repeat offenders.



Insertion of new section 198B of the Code of Criminal Procedure: Cognizance of
offence



Insertion of new section 53A of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence of character or
previous sexual experience not relevant in certain cases.



Substitution of new section for section 114A of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872:
Presumption as to absence of consent in certain prosecution for sexual assault.



Substitution of new section for section 119 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Witness
unable to communicate verbally.

WHAT DOES THE CRIMINAL LAW (AMENDMENT) ORDINANCE, 2013 INCLUDE?

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The Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013 was given assent by the President and
it includes stalking, voyeurism, acid attacks as well as disrobing of women. These crimes
were given the status of specific offences under the Indian Penal Code. The ordinance
was approved by Union Cabinet of India on 1 February 2013. The Criminal Law
(Amendment) Ordinance, 2013 comprises of various recommendations from the JS
Verma committee as well.



The ordinance is an impact of the Delhi gangrape which took place on 16 December
2012 in a moving bus. The ordinance brought changes to the clauses of already-existing
criminal law by making amendments in Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), Indian Penal
Code (IPC) and the Evidence Act.

Part V the Union CHAPTER III of the Constitution of India grants legislative powers to the
president to pass the ordinance. Article 123 includes power of president to promulgate
ordinances during recess of parliament.

ARTICLE 123 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
(1) If at any time, except when both Houses of Parliament are in session, the President is
satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary for him to take immediate action,
he may promulgate such Ordinances as the circumstances appear to him to require.
(2) An Ordinance promulgated under this article shall have the same force and effect as an Act
of Parliament, but every such Ordinance(a) shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament and shall cease to operate at the expiration of
six weeks from the reassembly of Parliament, or, if before the expiration of that period
resolutions disapproving it are passed by both Houses, upon the passing of the second of those
resolutions; and
(b) May be withdrawn at any time by the President. Explanation - Where the Houses of
Parliament are summoned to reassemble on different dates, the period of six weeks shall be
reckoned from the later of those dates for the purposes of this clause.
(3) If and so far as an Ordinance under this article makes any provision which Parliament would
not under this Constitution be competent to enact, it shall be void.

DURATION OF THE ORDINANCE
An ordinance once passed by the President of India remains into force for a time period of six
months. Within this period, the Parliament needs to pass the ordinance.

SC: SEIZE OPERATIONS OF UNSUCCESSFUL BIDDERS OF 2G SPECTRUM

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The Supreme Court (SC) of India on 15 February 2013 directed the telecom companies that
failed to win bidding in the fresh 2G Spectrum Auction or didn’t participated into it to cease
their operations immediately. The fresh auction took place after the licenses issued earlier were
scrapped by the Court.
The Supreme Court also cleared that the Court would soon order the companies, which were
successful in winning their biddings in the actions those were held on 12 November and 14
November 2012 to start operations in their respective circles immediately.
The Supreme Court bench of two Judges that comprised justices G S Singhvi and K S
Radhakrishnan directed the telecom companies whose licenses were scrapped on 2 February
2012 but allowed to function were supposed to pay back the reserved price fixed for the
licenses during the first round of November 2012 auction.
The Court in its declaration cleared that the Judgment pronounced in February 2012 was not
applicable for the telecom companies that holds spectrum in 900 MHz band as the orders of
February 2012 held’s no bearing on litigations related to 900 MHz band. The Court also ordered
to put on immediate and fresh auction the entire 2G Spectrum, whose licenses were cancelled
by it.

ISRO'S PSLV-C20 ROCKET SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED SARAL
Six foreign micro and mini spacecrafts as well as the Indo-French oceanographic study satellite,
SARAL (Satellite for Argos-3 and Altika) were launched successfully by ISRO's PSLV-C20 rocket
on 25 February 2013 from the spaceport at Sriharikota.
The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) of Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) flew
from first launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre and was successfully put into the orbit.
The President of India, Pranab Mukherjee witnessed this launch from mission control centre at
Sriharikota.

SATELLITES LAUNCHED BY PSLV-C20 ROCKET


410-kg SARAL with payloads - Argos and Altika



Two micro-satellites UniBRITE and BRITE from
Austria



AAUSAT3 from Denmark



Strand from United Kingdom



Micro-satellite (NEOSSat)



Mini-satellite (SAPPHIRE) from Canada

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These seven satellites were launched successfully by PSLV which depicted its versatility and
recorded 22nd successful flight consecutive. ISRO also has plans to launch the Geo-Synchronous
Satellite Launch Vehicle that has indigenous cryogenic engine, along with the India’s mission to
Mars, both of which are scheduled for 2013.

SARAL, THE UNIQUE SATELLITE


SARAL is said to be a very unique satellite which serves the research community.



This satellite will assist the researchers in oceanographic studies.



SARAL will study the sea surface heights and ocean currents.



ARGOS-2 will help in collecting the data, while Altikameter will be responsible for
measuring the height of sea surface.



SARAL will also assist researchers in studying about the climatic developments.



Its practical applications include study of migration of the marine animals, continental
ice studies, protection of biodiversity and coastal erosion.

AFZAL GURU, THE CONVICT OF PARLIAMENT ATTACK 2001 HANGED
Mohamammed Afzal Guru, the convict of 2001 Parliament attack was hanged on 9 February
2013 at 8 AM in Tihar Jail, New Delhi. The Supreme Court of India pronounced the death
Sentence for Afzal Guru in 2004 for masterminding the terrorist attack on Indian Parliament on
13 December 2001. The decision of hanging him came after the mercy petition filed was
cancelled by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee on 23 January 2013.

THE 2001 PARLIAMENT ATTACK
The terrorist of Lashkar-e-Toiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad managed to attack on the Parliament
of India, leading to the death of about a dozen of people including the security persons as well
as civilians.

AFZAL GURU’S SECRET HANGING WAS CALLED OPERATION THREE STAR
Operation Three Star: Code name given to secret plan for executing Jaish-e-Mohammad
terrorist Afzal Guru in Tihar Jail on 9 February 2013. Operation Three Star started on 4 February
2013, just a day after the President of India Pranab Mukherjee rejected mercy plea of Afzal
Guru. A few top officials of Home Ministry were aware about secret Operation Three Star.

MORE MERCY PLEA’S REJECTED BY THE PRESIDENT, PRANAB MUKHERJEE

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Before rejection of Afzal Guru’s mercy plea, two more mercy pleas were rejected by the
President in the recent past and they include the
mercy pleas of 26/11 Mumbai Terror Attacks convict,
Ajmal Kasab and Saibanna Ningappa Natikar, the
person convicted for murdering his daughter and wife
and was sentenced to death.
Ajmal Kasab, the terrorist caught during the 26/11
attacks in Mumbai, was hanged in a Yerwada Jail,
Pune in a top-secret operation on 21 November 2012. Saibanna Ningappa Natikar currently
lodged in the Central Prison at Hindalga, Belgaum, Karnataka and his plea was rejected by the
President on 4 January 2013. Hanging of Mumbai terror attack militant Ajmal Kasab was called
Operation X. he was hanged at Yerwada Central Jail on 21 November 2012.

ZHUANG ZEDONG, THREE-TIME WORLD TABLE TENNIS CHAMPION DIED
Zhuang Zedong, the table tennis legend died in Beijing on 10 February 2013 following lengthy
fight with cancer. He was aged 72 years.
Zhuang Zedong is a three-time world table tennis champion. He won a range of events in 1960s.
He was renowned for chance meeting with Glenn Cowan, the US table tennis player during 31st
World Table Tennis Championships in 1971.

ZHUANG
ZEDONG
DIPLOMACY

AND

PING-PONG

Zhuang Zedong remained a crucial figure in pingpong diplomacy of 1971 and is popularly also called
the Architect of Ping-Pong Diplomacy. Ping-pong
diplomacy means exchange of the table tennis (pingpong) players between China and US. This was done
to normalise relations between these two countries.

GIUSEPPE HELD ON BRIBE CHARGES IN DEFENCE HELICOPTER DEAL
Giuseppe Orsi, head of an Italian defence and
aerospace giant Finmeccanica was arrested in Milan on
11 February 2013 on the charges of his alleged
involvement in the bribery activity to secure an Indian
defence helicopter deal of 3600 crore rupees. He was
arrested in relation to the probe of the international
corruption.

THE DEAL
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The contract signed with Italian defence giant Finmeccanica in February 2010 involved supply of
12 VVIP three-engine AW-101 choppers from AgustaWestland for the Indian Air Force’s elite
Communication Sqadron. By now, three choppers have already been delivered to India.
As per the reports on the bribe scam, it’s expected that about 362 crore rupees that is
equivalent to about 10 percent of the final deal was given back to help the Italian firm in
winning the contract.

ABOUT FINMECCANICA
The Finmeccanica is an Italian defence Giant company that entered into a deal to supply 12
three-engine AW-101 helicopters to India in February 2010. Giuseppe Orsi, now the CEO of
Finmeccanica and the then head of its Helicopter Unit was arrested on the charges of the bribe
scandal that surfaced.

AGUSTAWESTLAND
AgustaWestland is an Anglo-Italian helicopter company that is owned by Italy’s Finmeccanica.
The company is a total capability provider in the vertical lift market.

AUSTRALIA CLINCHED ICC WOMEN’S WORLD CUP TROPHY
Australia won the ICC Women’s World Cup Trophy after defeating West-Indies by 114-runs on
17 February 2013 at Brabourne Stadium in Mumbai. Australia clinched the title for the sixth
time in the history of women’s cricket World Cup it last won the title in 2005.
Australia scored 259 runs (this is the highest score in Women’s World Cup Final) at the loss of 7
wickets in 50 overs and West Indies lost all its wickets at the score of 145.

CAPTAINS


Australian Captain: Jodie Fields



West Indies Captain: Merissa Aguilleira

SCORECARD OF FINALS


Australia: 7/259

i. J Cameron scored 75runs in the finals
ii. R Haynes scored 52 runs in the finals
iii. S Quintyne took 3 wickets for 27 runs

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West Indies 10/145

i. KA Knight scored 21* in the finals
ii. MR Aguilleria scored 23 runs in the finals
iii. E Perry took 3 wickets for 19 runs

TOURNAMENT REPORT


Player of the tournament - New Zealand’s Suzie Bates for scoring 407 runs with three
half-centuries and a ton at an average of 67.83 in the series.

The Australian, all-rounder Lisa Sthalekar announced her retirement from International cricket
after the Australian women’s cricket team won the world cup title 2013. She made her debut in
the international cricket in 2001 in an ODI match against England till her retirement she
managed to play 125 one day internationals, 8 tests and 54 women T20 international matches.

WOMEN'S WORLD CUP HISTORY


First World Cup was played in the year 1973 at England, the final was played between
England and Australia and England won the match by 92 runs



Second World Cup was played in India in the year 1978 India, England and Australia
were the teams in the final, Australia won the match by 8 wickets



Third World Cup was played in 1982 at New Zealand. England and Australia were the
team in the final match; Australia won it by 3 wickets



In 1988 venue for the fourth World Cup was played in Australia. The final was played
between Australia and England; Australia won it by 3 wickets



The sixth World Cup was played in England in the year 1993. The final was played
between New Zealand and England; England won it by 67 runs



The seventh World Cup was played in 1997 in India, Australia and New Zealand were the
two teams in the final; Australia won it by 5 wickets



Eighth World Cup was played at New Zealand in the year 2000. The final was played
between, Australia and New Zealand; New Zealand won it by 4 runs



The ninth World Cup was held in South Africa in the year 2005, Australia and India were
the two teams in final; Australia won it by 98 runs



The tenth World Cup was held in Australia and the final was played between England
and New Zealand, England won it by 4 wickets

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2013 the tournament was played in India, West Indies and Australia were the two teams
in final; Australia won the match with 114 runs

Captain of England Women’s Cricket team, Charlotte Edwards became the first women to pass
5000 runs in one-day international after hitting 121 runs of 106 balls in the semi-final match
against New Zealand. India failed to make its path into the quarterfinals and had never won any
world cup trophy till date.

FIRST COMPLETE BIONIC MAN OF THE WORLD UNVEILED
First bionic man of the world called Rex was unveiled on 7 February 2013 at London's Science
Museum. The bionic man was created using 1 million US dollar limbs as well as organs.
Prosthetic legs and ankle came from MIT, synthetic blood from Sheffield University, spleens,
pancreas and artificial kidneys from University College London, retinas from Oxford University
and artificial lungs came from Swansea.
Rex has a human face with brown eyes and a height of 6.5 feet. It was designed jointly with
assistance from 18 universities and companies. Rex gave a hope that it was possible to replace
the body parts with the artificial alternatives, for the very first time.
The internal organs of Rex such as artificial lungs, bladder and pancreas were in line of
development. It is important to note that it is not possible for certain technology to function
without the help of human input. For example bionic hands require signals from brain and
muscles to work properly. Other parts however, such as pancreas and heart can be designed to
work automatically. Rex would remain in display at London's Science Museum from 7 February
201 to 11 March 2013.

WORLD’S FIRST MERCURY TREATY ADOPTED BY 140 COUNTRIES
An international treaty that legally binds the nation to limit the use of health hazardous
mercury was adopted by 140 nations in the third week of January 2013 at Geneva.
The treaty would be signed in Minamata, Japan, in October 2013 to honour the inhabitants of
town who have suffered the consequences of serious mercury contamination for decades
Aims of the Treaty


Reduction of global emission levels of the toxic heavy metal or the quick silver



Reduce the production and the use of mercury in industrial processes and product
production



To cut mercury pollution from utility plants, mining, a host of products and industrial
processes, and set enforceable limits as well as to encourage alternatives where
mercury in not used or released

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MAKING OF THE TREATY
Switzerland and Norway pushed forward for making of an international treaty to limit the
emission of Mercury in the atmosphere. The two nations came up with the plans of reducing
the emission of mercury decades ago and it was finalized after a long conference in Geneva
held in February 2013.

IMPACT OF MERCURY ON HUMAN BEING
The natural element Mercury cannot be created or destroyed, but is released in air, water and
land from different activities like coal powder plants, gold mining activities as well as electrical
goods and other consumer products. Mercury enters the food-chain via fish and poses a threat
to the living being more likely to pregnant women and children. As per the data released by the
World Health Organisation intake of mercury or any of its compounds to any limit is not safe
and it may lead to memory loss, language impairment and kidney damage.

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INTERNATIONAL
HAMADI JEBALI, RESIGNED FROM POST OF PRIME MINISTER OF TUNISIA
Hamadi Jebali resigned from the office of the Prime Minister of Tunisia on 19 February 2013
after his attempt to end a political standoff by formation
of a Government of Technocrats failed. Hamadi Jebali
was trying to create coalition because of the political
crisis which took birth by killing of Chokri Belaid, the
opposition leader.
A cabinet of apolitical technocrats was proposed by Jebali
to suppress the disorder created after the assassination
of the secular opposition politician Chokri Belaid on 6 February 2013. Belaid, an outspoken critic
of the government and a leaning lawyer was shot dead and his death created a situation of
mass protests across the nation.
Assassination of Chokri Belaid on 6 February 2013 led to mass protests as well as resignations
from the coalition government of Tunisia.

ABOUT HAMADI JEBALI
Hamadi Jebali is the Tunisian Islamist politician, who remained in office as the PM from
December 2011 to 19 February 2013. He was also the Secretary-General of the Ennahda
Movement which is the Islamist party in Tunisia. He belonged to the Ennahda Movement
political party of Tunisia. He is a member of the Islamist Ennahda party.

PRIME MINISTER OF BULGARIA RESIGNED BECAUSE OF PROTESTS
The Prime Minister of Bulgaria resigned from the office on 20 February 2013 on grounds of
protests in the nation against the high electricity prices. The Prime Minister of Bulgaria, Boiko
Borisov earlier tried to bring peace by sacking the finance minister and assured cutting the
power prices as well as punishing the foreign-owned companies.

CAUSE OF RESIGNATION
GOVERNMENT

OF

BULGARIA’S

Bulgarians held protests in the country because of
concerns over higher energy costs, lower living
standards, power monopolies as well as corruption.
The Boiko Borisov on 20 February 2013 announced his
resignation. While announcing his resignation, Boiko

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Borisov did not mention anything about the parliamentary elections which are scheduled for
July 2013.

IMPORTANT FACTS


Bulgaria is located in Southeastern Europe. It is the 14th largest country of Europe.



Prime Minister of Bulgaria, Boiko Borisov belonged to the Citizens for European
Development of Bulgaria party, which is abbreviated as GERB (Grazhdani za evropeysko
razvitie na Balgariya).



It is the center-right political party of Bulgaria which was established in 2006. It has
remained a ruling party in Bulgaria since 2009, headed by Boiko Borisov.

TRADE DEFICIT OF JAPAN HIT RECORD IN JANUARY 2013
The monthly trade deficit of Japan hit record in January 2013 after the aggressive monetary
policy weakened Yen, its currency considerably.
The exports increased in January, which was the first increase in 8 months time. Exports of
Japan increased because the goods became affordable for the foreign buyers. However,
because of the weakened Yen, the import bill also increased which eventually led to a monthly
trade deficit of 1.6tn yen or 17.1 billion US dollars. This was the 10 percent increase from 2012.
The deficit of Japan was also affected because of an increase in the fuel imports. Japan is the
third largest economy of the world and there was an increase in the fuel imports because most
of the nuclear reactors of the country remained shut down.
The imports of the country increased 7.3 percent in January 2013 from January 2012. The
highest jump was in import of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) which increased over 28 percent.
In the meanwhile, exports also increased 6.4 percent. The exports were driven considerably by
shipment of the manufactured goods.

FACTORS AFFECTING JAPAN’S EXPORT
The exports of Japan are crucial factors that drive its economic growth. Exports of Japan were
affected because of various factors.

THESE FACTORS ARE AS FOLLOWS


Demand from the biggest markets of Japan, Eurozone, was hurt because of ongoing
debt crisis of the region.



Territorial dispute with the biggest trading partner of Japan, i.e., China hit the sales of
goods produced by Japan over the duration of past certain months.

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The exports also declined to the European Union during January 2013.

INDIA & SRI LANKA SIGNED AGREEMENT ON COMBATING TERRORISM
India and Sri Lanka on 22 January 2013 signed two agreements for fighting against international
terrorism as well as avoiding double taxation. The agreements were signed after 8th India-Sri
Lanka Joint Commission meeting which was held in New Delhi.
Discussions held during 8th India-Sri Lanka Joint Commission meeting


The agreements were signed after discussions on
cooperation on various areas such as civil
nuclear energy and many more. External Affairs
Minister led the Indian side in the meeting, while
the Sri Lankan side was led by G L Peiris.



Issue of the fishermen as well as rehabilitation
process of the Tamils in Sri Lanka was also discussed during the meeting.



Apart from this, 13th Amendment of the Lankan constitution which provides autonomy
to the provinces was also discussed.

It is important to note that India and Sri Lanka are the largest trade partners of each other in
South Asia.
After the meeting, it was agreed that a dialogue between the Commerce Secretary of India and
Secretary of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development of Sri Lanka would be initiated
to progress the framework for special economic partnership between these two nations.

INDIA AND UAE AGREED IMPROVE THEIR TRADE RELATIONS
India and the UAE agreed to improve their trade and investment relations during the first
meeting of India-UAE High Level Task Force on Investment in Abu Dhabi on 18 February 2013.
UAE decided to invest 2 billion dollars in Infrastructure sector projects in India and the two
countries decided to work for and support Strategic Oil Reserve in India. The meeting was cochaired by the Union Minister of Commerce, Industry and Textiles, Anand Sharma and Sheikh
Hamid Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Chairman of the Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Court.
As a part of the bilateral agreement, Five high level sub committees will be set up to promote
investment in infrastructure and energy, trade and investment, manufacturing and technology,
Information and communications technology and aviation sectors. India and UAE also decided
to work together for third country projects, including Africa aimed at collaborating in the
infrastructure sector and oil and gas exploration. The two countries also agreed to put in place
Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPA).

INDIA-US JOINT WORKING GROUP HELD ITS 10TH MEET
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The India-U.S. Joint Working Group on UN Peacekeeping held its 10th meeting in Washington
on 13 February 2013. At the meeting, India and the United
States advanced a number of goals laid out in the
Declaration of Principles the Joint Working Group agreed
upon in 2011. The Joint Working Group also continued indepth consultations on UN peacekeeping issues, and
explored an agreement on a set of Principles of India-U.S.
Cooperation in the Area of Training UN Peacekeepers and
institutional arrangements between their peacekeeping
institutions.
India and USA welcomed the open and comprehensive nature of the discussions, and agreed
the talks helped advance their shared commitment to supporting and strengthening United
Nations peacekeeping operations, and their mutual interest in assuring the success of UN
peacekeeping missions. Both nations agreed that the 11th meeting of the Working Group will
be held in New Delhi in 2014.

INDIA AND FRANCE AGREED TO COOPERATE ON COUNTER TERRORISM
India and France on 14 February 2013 agreed to strengthen counter terrorism and intelligence
cooperation between the two countries during the visit of French President Francois Holllande
to India. Both nations exchanged views on a number of bi-lateral, regional and multilateral
issues.
India and France also reviewed progress on the Jaitapur Nuclear Power Project and reiterated
our commitment to its early implementation as soon as the commercial and technical
negotiations, which have made good progress, are completed.
Both the nations also concluded negotiations on the short range surface to Air missile to be coproduced in India. They also agreed on the need to reinvigorate economic engagement
between the two countries. Moreover, they had in-depth discussion on the defence
cooperation issue including submarines and missiles.

OTHER IMPORTANT INDIA-FRANCE AGREEMENTS


Both the nations agreed to strengthen cooperation in the fields of the modernisation of
the railway, high speed corridors and network upgradation of railway stations.



Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and France's CNES under the space
cooperation programme, jointly identified the means to pursue further cooperation.



A pact was changed to increase exchanges between the sportspersons, artists,
architects, researchers, teachers, students to improve people-to-people contacts.

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The cooperation between various Indian and French educational institutions was
finalised.



MoU was signed between Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and France's CNRS
(Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)



CFA(Credit Facility Agreement) was signed for the Bangalore Metro Rail Project, Phase-1
between Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance and the French
Development Agency(AFD)

PAKISTAN APPROVED DEAL TO HAND OVER GWADAR PORT TO CHINA
Pakistan in the last week of January 2013 approved the deal which transferred operational
control of Gwadar port from Singapore’s PSA International to Chinese Overseas Port Holdings
Ltd. Gwadar port is situated at a strategic location of the Arabian Sea and the mouth of the
Persian Gulf. It is only 400 kilometres away from the Strait of Hormuz, a key global oil supply
route.
Pakistan’ decision to hand over Gwadar port to China is a serious concern for India. It can be an
attempt by China to encircle India. In addition to funding ports in Sri Lanka, China has also plans
to build a port in Bangladesh.

INDIA AND AUSTRIA SIGNED A SOCIAL SECURITY PACT
India and Austria on 5 February 2013 inked a social security pact at Vienna, under which the
Indian professionals working in Austria would be exempted from paying the social security
contribution of the country, if such payments are already made in India. Overseas Indian Affairs
Minister Vayalar Ravi and Austrian Minister for Labour and Social Security, Rudoulf Hundstorfer
signed the pact.
The pact of social security between the two countries would also boost cooperation of the
labour market expansion in Austria, the country that is a home for more than 17000 Indian
professionals.

PROVISIONS OF THE AGREEMENT


Indians working in the country on short-term contracts of up to five years are exempted
from making social security contribution in Austria if they continue making the
payments in India.



If any Indian worker is sent to Austria by an Indian company from a third country then
also he can avail the relief.

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Export of the benefits of social security would be offered to the Indian worker, who
relocates to India once his/her service term in Austria ends. The self employed Indians
can also carry on the same benefits on relocation to India

India already have inked similar types of agreements with countries like Czech Republic,
Belgium, Germany, France, The Netherlands, Switzerland, Hungary, Luxembourg, Denmark,
South Korea, Finland, Canada, Norway and Japan.
As per the Indian Labour Law, every employer and employee who falls under the umbrella of
Employees Provident Fund Act 1952 needs to make contribution towards provident fund.
Similarly the mandatory contribution fund in Austria is known as Social Security. Before signing
of these agreements, the Indian professionals posted in foreign countries paid social security
tax in the countries of their stay although they contributed there part in India.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FILED A CIVIL LAWSUIT AGAINST S&P
The United States of America on 5 February 2013 filed a civil lawsuit against Standard and
Poor's (S&P) the credit rating agency alleging that the agency lied about the nations objectivity
and independence by the way it rated the mortgage bonds.
The lawsuit have claimed that as a result of the ratings issued by the S&P, which
misrepresented the securities true credit risks the investors, even those who were federally
insured financial institution lost billions of dollars on collateralized Debt Obligations.

JACKIE CHAN SELECTED AS MEMBER OF CHINESE PARLIAMENT
Mo Yan, the winner of Nobel Prize for literature, 2012 and Jackie Chan, the movie star were
given a political role in China by being selected as members of the Chinese People's Political
Consultative Conference, one of the houses of Chinese parliament.
Mo Yan and Jackie Chan were among 2237 people selected by China's new leaders led by Xi
Jinping as the members of CPPCC National Committee. Out of 2237 people, 399 are women. Xi
Jinping is the new general secretary of the Communist Party. He will become the President of
China after two Houses of Parliament have meeting in March 2013.
Apart from Mo Yan and Jackie Chan, other known face to be given a seat in this political party
includes former NBA star and popular basket ball player Yao Ming.
CPPCC comprises of the members from different fields and they were selected without any
election process. The party includes 893 members of the Communist Party. The chosen officials
include members of non-Communist parties, military officers, officials, representatives from
environmental, social, cultural, political and economic fields.

INDIA AT 140TH POSITION IN LATEST WORLD PRESS FREEDOM INDEX

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India dropped nine places to 140th rank in the list of 179 countries in the latest World Press
Freedom Index 2013, which is the lowest since 2002. India got this lowly rank because of
increasing impunity for violence against journalists and internet censorship. Netherlands,
Norway and Finland topped the list. The Press Freedom Index was released by world Press
Freedom index for the year 2013. China got 173rd rank.
Turkmenistan, North Korea and Eritrea were placed at the
bottom of the list as has been in the last three years.
As per the Press index report, there has been a decline in
freedom of information in South Asia and the Indian
subcontinent among Asia witnessed the sharpest
deterioration in providing freedom and security for those
involved in news reporting in 2012. In India considered as the world's biggest democracy, the
authorities insist on censoring the Web and impose numerous kinds of restrictions, while
violence against journalists was not punished and the regions like Kashmir and Chhattisgarh are
getting increasingly isolated.
The Maldives crashed to 103rd place (-30) because of violence and threats against journalists in
state television and private media regarded as Nasheed supporters by the coup leaders.
Bangladesh more or less faces the same situation. Its journalists are targets of police violence
frequently. They are not protected by authorities in case they face violence against them.
Pakistan that was ranked at 159th position is one of the world’s most dangerous nations for
Reporters. Nepal was ranked at 118th position.
Reporters without Borders also published an annual global indicator of worldwide media
freedom which coincided with the release of its 2013 Press Freedom Index. This new analytic
tool is helpful in measuring the overall level of freedom of information in the world and the
performance of the world's governments in their response to Press freedom.
To Read More International Stories

INTERNATIONAL QUIZZES
1. Name the book on Netaji Subhash Chndra Bose that was presented to the President of
India Pranab Mukherjee at Rashtrapati Bhavan in February 2013 by Professor Anita B.
Pfaff.
a) Disappearance of Subhas Chandra Bose
b) Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and Germany
c) Subahsh Chandra Bose and The National struggle of independence
d) Netaji and Azad Hind Fouz

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Answer. (b) Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and Germany
2. India and Bangladesh signed MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) on Health in New
Delhi in February 2013. Which of the below mentioned statements in relation to the
MoU is True?
i.

Fostering cooperation for the development of culturally sensitive and effective public
and professional awareness campaign including clinical practices and best practices
guidelines for healthcare providers and caretakers to benefit individuals and families
touched by Autism Spectrum Disorders and Developmental Disabilities

ii.

Exchange of scientific materials and information as well as joint collaboration in the area
of research in medical science.

iii.

Participation of specialists / professionals in seminars, workshops, conferences and
meetings to be organized by both the parties

iv.

Development of human resources, but no exchange of doctors and health care
professionals between the two nations

a) Statement i, ii and iii are true
b) Statement i, iii and iv are true
c) Statement ii, iii and iv are true
d) All the four statements are true
Answer. (a) Statement i, ii and iii are true
3. India and France on 14 February 2013 agreed to strengthen counter terrorism and
intelligence cooperation between the two countries during the visit of French President
Francois Holllande to India. Which of the below mentioned statements about the
agreement made between the two countries are true?
i.

Both the nations agreed to strengthen cooperation in the fields of the modernisation of
the railway, high speed corridors and network upgradation of railway stations.

ii.

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and France's CNES under the space
cooperation programme jointly identified the means to pursue further cooperation.

iii.

MoU was signed between Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and France's CNRS
(Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

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iv.

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CFA (Credit Facility Agreement) was signed for the Bangalore Metro Rail Project, Phase1 between Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance and the French
Development Agency(AFD)

a) Statement i, ii and iii are true
b) Statement i, iii and iv are true
c) Statement ii, iii and iv are true
d) All the four statements are true
Answer. (d) All the four statements are true
4. Name the court that ordered India to go ahead with the development of Kishanganga
hydro-electric project in Gurez valley near Bandipura in North Kashmir?
a) Court of Arbitration at The Hague
b) Permanent Court of International Justice
c) Permanent Court of International Justice
d) Special Court for Sierra Leone
Answer. (a) Court of Arbitration at The Hague
5. Which of the following statements related to Kishanganga hydro-electric Project true?
i.

The Court of Arbitration restrained India from adoption of the drawdown technique of
flushing for clearing the sedimentation of the run-of-the river project that had been
designed and asked it to adopt a different technique for generation of 330 MW power
facilities

ii.

Pakistan initiated the arbitration against India with a charge that India violated the
provisions of the 1960 Indus Water Treaty between the two countries.

iii.

The project is being developed at the upstream of Kishanganga River that is known by
the name Neelam in Pakistan and is a tributary of Jhelum. India is diverting the waters of
the river from the dam site to Bonar Madmati Nallah that is another tributary of Jhelum

iv.

The Indus system of rivers comprises three Eastern Rivers (Ravi, Beas and Sutlej and
their tributaries) and threes Western Rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab and their
tributaries)

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a) Statement i, ii and iii are true
b) Statement i, ii and iv are true
c) Statement ii, iii and iv are true
d) All the four statements are true
Answer. (b) Statement i, ii and iv are true
For More International Quizzes

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WORLD DAIRY
28 January 2013
 China successfully carried out interceptor missile test.
 Milos Zeman won the Czech Republic Presidential Election 2013.
29 January 2013
 India and Bangladesh signed Agreements on Extradition and Visa Regime.
30 January 2013
 India and Australia agreed to concentrate on Energy and Food Security.
31 January 2013
 India Pledged humanitarian assistance of 2.5 million US Dollars to Syria.
 India and USA inaugurated the first triangular India-US-Africa Partnership at Hyderabad.
1 February 2013
 India dropped to 140th Rank in the latest World Press Freedom Index.
2 February 2013
 Japanese scientists filmed the thoughts of a fish for the first time.
3 February 2013s
 Sir Issac Newton’s 300-year-old textbooks discovered in UK School.
4 February 2013
 Mo Yan and Jackie Chan selected as members of Chinese parliament.
5 February 2013
 Allan Border Medal 2013: Michael Clarke won the medal fourth time.
 World Cancer Day observed across the world.
6 February 2013
 United States of America filed a civil lawsuit against Standard and Poor's.
 India and Austria signed a Social Security Pact.
7 February 2013
 Ahmadinejad is the first Iranian President to visit Egypt since 1979 Islamic Revolution.
 Pakistan approved the deal which handed over Gwadar Port to China.
8 February 2013
 Presidential Election in Maldives scheduled in September 2013.
 World’s largest prime number discovered; contains 17 million digits.
9 February 2013
 Shaukat Ullah took oath as Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
10 February 2013
 Tunisian president's party withdrew from coalition.
11 February 2013
 Seventeen Indian prisoners on death row in Sharjah Jail released.
12 February 2013
 India and Bangladesh signed MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) on health.
 Iran called on for destruction and end of the Nuclear Weapons of the World.
13 February 2013
 India and Japan held talks to strengthen cooperation in tourism sector.
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14 February 2013
 North Korea conducted its third nuclear test and defied UN Regulations for world peace.
15 February 2013
 India and France agreed to strengthen cooperation on counter terrorism.
16 February 2013
 First India-Japan maritime affairs dialogue was held in New Delhi.
17 February 2013
 India and Bangladesh held joint consultative commission meeting in Dhaka.
18 February 2013
 India-US joint working group held its 10th meeting in Washington.
19 February 2013
 Court of Arbitration, The Hague gave a go ahead to India on Kishanganga Project.
 India and the UAE agreed to take their trade relations to another Level.
 Afghan Government not in favour of taking air support from international forces.
20 February 2013
 India and Sri Lanka signed agreements on combating terrorism and avoiding doubletaxation.
 World’s First Mercury Treaty adopted by 140 Countries at Geneva.
21 February 2013
 Trade deficit of Japan hit record in January 2013 as Yen weakened.
 Government of Bulgaria resigned because of protest against high electricity prices.
22 February 2013
 Hamadi Jebali, resigned from the post of Prime Minister of Tunisia.
23 February 2013
 UK Scientists discovered the deepest hydrothermal vents in the world.
24 February 2013
 African leaders signed UN-Brokered accord in DR Congo.

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NATIONAL
PANEL TO EXAMINE ISSUES OF CINEMATOGRAPH ACT 1952
The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting on 4 February 2013 constituted a panel for
examining the issues of certification under Cinematographer Act 1952. Mukul Mudgal, the
retired Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana High Court was appointed the Chairman of the
Panel.

ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE PANEL
I) The Panel would be responsible for reviewing the mandate and functioning of CBFC and
recommend measures that includes constitutional changes for enabling CBFC to deal with
contemporary requirements of certification with increased transparency/efficiency. The issues,
inter alia, may include:
a) The process of certification under the Act and Rules, including the mechanism followed by
Examining and Revising Committees
b) Categories of certification, existing and proposed, under the Cinematograph (Amendment)
Bill, 2013
c) Requirement of special categories of certification for the purposes of broadcasting on
television channels and radio stations
II) It will be responsible for reviewing the mandate and functioning of Film Certification
Appellate Tribunal (FCAT) in order to make it a more efficacious appellate body
III) It will be responsible towards examining the role of Central Government regarding
sanctioning of cinematograph films for exhibition under Entry 60, List I of the Seventh Schedule
to the Constitution of India with reference to Entry 33, List II of the Seventh Schedule of the
Constitution of India
IV) The Panel will also be responsible for suggesting measures for carrying on more effective
legal remedies and penal provisions in the Act, particularly with reference to making of the
unlawful copies, cam-cording in cinema halls, interpolation/insertion of clips after certification
and such similar issues
V) It will be responsible for the issues that the Panel may find fit to deliberate upon

MEMBERS OF THE PANEL CONSTITUTED TO EXAMINE ISSUES


Mukul Mudgal is appointed as the chairperson of the panel. He is the retired chief
justice of high court of Punjab and Haryana

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Lalit Bhasin, at present is the Chairperson of FCAT



Sharmila Tagore, she was the former Chairperson of CBFC



Janab Javed Akhtar, renowned music composer, writer and lyricist



Leela Samson, she is the Chairperson of CBFC



L Suresh, he is the Secretary of South Indian Film Chamber of Commerce and former
President of Film Federation of India



Rameeza Hakim, is the Advocate in Supreme Court of India



Raghvendra Singh, he is the Joint Secretary (Films) and I&B-Member and Convenor

The constituted Panel is responsible for submission of report within two months period from
the day of its constitution.

SC: GOVT. TO NOTIFY CAUVERY WATER DISPUTES TRIBUNAL AWARD
The Supreme Court of India on 4 February 2013 directed the Union Government of India to
notify the six-year-old final award of the Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal by 20 February 2013.
A bench headed by Justice RM Lodha expressed
displeasure over the government not notifying the award
even after the warring Tamil Nadu and Karnataka had
agreed before it on 4 January 2013 that they had no
objection if the award was notified. The Centre had earlier
assured the apex court that it would notify the tribunal’s
award by 31 December 2013.
The apex court also directed Karnataka to release 2 Thousand Million Cubic feet, of Cauvery
water to Tamil Nadu and directed the Central Water Commission to file a report on the water
requirement of the two states. It asked the Commission to form a three-member expert body
which will visit the states and directed it to file report within two days. The court posted the
matter for further hearing on 7 February 2013. The court was hearing Tamil Nadu's petition
seeking the immediate release of 12 TMC of water.

COMMITTEE TO REVIEW FUNCTIONING OF PRASAR BHARTI
The Ministry of Information & Broadcasting on 29 January 2013 constituted an Expert
Committee to review the institutional frame work of Prasar Bharati as well as its relationship
with Government, its role in continuance as a public broadcaster and the measures that needs
to be taken to ensure technical upgradation of the organization. Sam Pitroda is the Chairperson
of the committee.

ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE COMMITTEE
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To suggest measures to sustain, strengthen and amplify Prasar Bharati`s role as a Public
Broadcaster with special reference to its
relationship with Government in the emerging
context.



The committee is responsible for reviewing the
status of implementation of the recommendations,
which were made by different committees after
undertaking the study of Prasar Bharati, mainly, the Sengupta committee, the Bakshi
Committee and the Narayanamurthy committee. It is also responsible to suggest a road
map ahead to enhance the reach and potential of Prasar Bharati.



The committee is responsible for identifying the ways for digitization of the archived
material available with Doordarshan (DD) and All India Radio (AIR), which includes
digitization of the materials of the Independence Movement. As well suggest the
measures for development of infrastructure data centre, digitalization system and
networks



The committee is responsible to find the ways offer suggestions to use the new media
for delivering digital content; both in broadcast mode (DTH) and in a demand-based
mode (Free on social media like You-Tube and on payment through IPTV).



Identify the ways and develop strategy to create a network of domestic and overseas
business partners to ensure wider reach to a worldwide audience that includes creation
of an exclusive overseas service.



Any other statutory issue that the Committee may like to consider.

MEMBERS APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNMENT IN THE EXPERT COMMITTEE


Sam Pitroda is appointed as the Chairperson of the committee. At present he is the
advisor to the Prime Minister of India on Public Information Infrastructure & Innovations



Asha Swaroop (member of the committee), he is a retired IAS and former Secretary to
the Govt. of India



Dr. B.K. Gairola (member of the committee), he is the Mission Director of e-Governance



Shekhar Kapur (member of the committee), he is the Member of the National
Innovation Council



Prof. M.P. Gupta(member of the committee), he is from IIT Delhi - Member



Jitendra Shankar Mathur (member of the committee), he is the Additional Secretary and
nominated member on Prasar Bharati Board

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Shri Jawhar Sircar (Convenor member of the committee), at present he is the Chief
Executive of Prasar Bharati.

RASHTRIYA BAL SWASTHYA KARYAKRAM LAUNCHED IN THANE
UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi on 6 February 2013 launched a new health initiative called
Rashtriya Bal Sawsthya Karyakram at Palghar town in Thane district of Maharashtra. The
Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram, is a part of the National Rural Health Mission of the Union
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

FEATURES OF RASHTRIYA BAL SWASTHYA KARYAKRAM


The Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram is aimed at improving overall quality of life of
children through early detection of birth
defects, diseases and deficiencies, which are
among key factors for child mortality.



The new initiative would assure a package of
health services for all children up to 18 years of
The programme will also prove economical for
and marginalized.



age.
poor

The services will be provided through dedicated mobile health teams placed in every
block. The scheme, which will be implemented in a phased manner, is expected to
benefit approximately 27 crore children across the country.

Birth defects account for 9.6 per cent of all new-born deaths and 4 per cent of under-five
mortality. According to the programme, a set of thirty common conditions have been identified
for screening and further management of child health. National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is
an Indian health program for improving health care delivery across rural India. It was launched
on 12 April 2005 for a period of 7 years.

MY INDIA INITIATIVE-A DIGITAL VOLUNTEER PROGRAMME
The Information and Broadcasting Minister, Manish Tewari on 7 February 2013 launched the
MyIndia Initiative-A Digital Volunteer Programme to reach out the people in the social media
space.
The initiative from the I&B Ministry is aimed towards disseminating and delivering the
messages of development to the citizens by registering them as volunteers them on the social
media platforms. The initiative is an effort to make the citizen contribute positively towards
nation building and this would initiate a principle of participative governance across the nation.
The I&B Ministry on 8 February 2013 also tried to reach out the citizens for the first time via
Live Twitter Conference on the eve of 3rd Community Radio Conference. This was the first ever

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conference of such type by any of the Ministry’s of Government of India. Community Radio:
Road Travelled & way forward was the topic for community radio conference and it lasted for a
period of 30 minutes from 4 pm to 4:30 pm.

FIRST EVER LIVE TWITTER CONFERENCE ARRANGED BY MINISTRY OF I&B
The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting on 8 February 2013 arranged the first of its kind
Live Twitter Conference based on the theme- Community Radio: Road Travelled & Way
Forward. The first ever Live Twitter Conference was chaired by the Secretary of Ministry of
Information and Broadcasting, Uday Kumar Varma. Other senior officials of the I&B were
present as well.
The Live Twitter Conference was scheduled for half an hour but continued for around more
than 1 hour. During the Live Twitter Conference, over 200 questions were asked on various
topics of Community Radio programme. The Secretary of Ministry of I&B gave answers to
around 45 questions. These questions were associated to topics such as sustainability, licensing,
waiver and spectrum fee of Community Radio Model as well as career prospects.
I&B announced that the first Live Twitter Conference enabled it to understand the mindset of
people in terms of social media space. The intervention, in the meanwhile, also provided a good
platform to the citizens for making them aware about the important policies as well as
programmes of the Government of India. It was also ensured that awareness in terms of key
policy interventions like Community Radio reached people in a way that it was understood by
them.

PSL TO MINORITIES CROSSED 15 PERCENT MARK IN 2012-2013
Priority Sector Lending (PSL) to Minorities increased considerably from 10.60 percent of total
PSL in 2007-2008 to 15.01 percent in 2012-2013. Priority Sector Lending (PSL) to minorities
belongs to one of the schemes which are covered under the Prime Minister’s New 15 Point
Programme for Welfare of Minorities.
An increase was observed because of lending of 171960.71crore Rupees as on September 2012
to the minorities. Self-employment initiatives were created and sustained because of bank
credit. The increase was observed because of sustained efforts of government of India.
In order to increase credit flow to the minorities, various steps were undertaken by the
Government.

THESE INCLUDED


Reserve Bank of India issued directions on Priority Sector Lending in order to improve
credit facilities to the minorities.

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From 2007-2008 to 2011-2012, 5954 branches of bank were opened in those areas
where there was substantial minority population.



Regular monitoring of Public Sector Banks was done for checking disposal of loan
applications for the minorities.



14244 awareness campaigns were organised by Public Sector Banks in 15466 towns and
blocks which covered minority population.

Priority Sector Lending (PSL) to Minorities in the absolute terms increased from 58662.67 crore
Rupees in 2007-2008 to 171960.71crore Rupees as of September 2012.

NEW 15 POINT PROGRAMME FOR WELFARE OF MINORITIES
The President on 25 February 2005 announced that Government of India would recast the 15
Point Programme for the Welfare of Minorities for including certain programme specific
interventions.

OBJECTIVES OF THIS PROGRAMME


Enhancing opportunities for education.



Ensuring an equitable share for minorities in economic activities and employment,
through existing and new schemes, enhanced credit support for self-employment, and
recruitment to State and Central Government jobs.



Improving the conditions of living of minorities by ensuring an appropriate share for
them in infrastructure development schemes.



Prevention and control of communal disharmony and violence.

CBI REGISTERED CASE AGAINST AIRTEL AND TATA COMMUNICATIONS
The Central Bureau of Investigation registered a case on 22 February 2013 against Bharti Airtel
Ltd and Tata Communications Ltd, the giant telecom companies for having link up with the
Singapore Telecom for the purpose of international calls, thereby violating norms of
Department of Telecom (DoT).
CBI on 24 February 2013 announced that the two companies were charged for causing a loss of
around 48 crore Rupees to the Union Government of India since 2004 because of illegal
arrangement. CBI filed an FIR in the local court in Delhi after complaints of Communications and
IT Ministry.
CBI accused these operators on charges of cheating and criminal conspiracy. Actually, Bharti
Airtel Ltd and Tata Communications Ltd had entered into an agreement with the Singapore

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Telecom for the purpose of international calls, which violates the norms that are laid down by
the Department of Telecommunications.

SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE BILL APPROVED
Rajya Sabha on 25 February 2013 approved the Sexual
Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention,
Prohibition and Redressal) Bill. The bill seeks protection for
women in all type of organised, unorganized as well as
Private Sectors, including the sexual harassment of
domestic help as well as agricultural workers.
The bill had made it mandatory for every organization with
10 or more employees to form an internal complaint committee to deal with the complaints of
sexual offences. The committees should be disposed of within 90 days and organizations that
fails to follow the guidelines, would be penalized with 50000 rupees. Organisations that
repeatedly violate the provisions of the bill would be penalized to a greater level and the
offence may lead to the cancellation of the licenses or registration of the business conduct.
Under its list of offences, the bill covers sexual remarks, sexual favour demands, any act of
unwelcome touch and physical advance and showing pornography. The Bill was passed by Lok
Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament in September 2012.

NACO SIGNED MOU WITH MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE
National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare signed the
first MoU with the Ministry of Shipping on 14 February 2013 as a part of its efforts to highlight
issues relating to HIV/AIDS.
According to the MoU, NACO will provide HIV/AIDS/STI preventive, care support and treatment
services to port workers as well as community around major ports including fishermen,
seafarers, truckers, single male migrants and other vulnerable population etc. It also aims to
provide stigma free environment and promote greater involvement of people living with HIV in
all major port areas.

UNDER MOU, MINISTRY OF SHIPPING COMMITS ITSELF TO FOLLOWING POINTS


Make available health infrastructure and human resources for prevention and
management of HIV/AIDS/STI.



Designate responsibility to personnel at suitable level to plan, implement and monitor
HIV/AIDS/STI services.



Ensure identified health personnel from the facilities are provided capacity building by
State AIDS Control Societies.

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Promote safe sexual practices among vulnerable population in port setting with
necessary support from State AIDS Control Societies.



Ensure dissemination/display of IEC material pertaining to HIV/AIDS/STI at ports/health
facilities and outreach activities.



Ensure ICTC/PPTCT/ and STI services and ensure availability of rapid HIV diagnostic kits
(3 different antigens/principles) as per NACO guidelines and specifications.



Set up designated STI/ICTC Clinics at major ports for vulnerable population including
truckers and transport workers and ensure availability of STI drug kits as per NACO
guidelines and specifications.



Coordinate and strengthen referral linkages with State AIDS Control societies and
implementing partners like targeted interventions TI NGOs/drop in centre/community
care centres and network of HIV Positive persons.



Ensure record keeping and reporting to SACS as per prescribed format.



Commit resource (Manpower, material and money) for HIV/AIDS/STI in budgets/or CSR
component for sustainability to his endeavor.



The NACO commits itself to the following points



Share nationally approved treatment protocols, guidelines and standards pertaining to
STI/HIV/AIDS.



Providing technical support and build capacity of ports health personnel to facilitate
integration of HIVIAIDS in the Health Services.



Providing training to major port health personnel (Doctors, nurses, laboratory
technicians on syndromic case management of ST1, which could be direct training or
training of trainers as per the number of personnel.



Providing training to major port health personnel (Doctors, nurses, laboratory
technicians) on integrated counseling and testing services for HIV, which could be direct
training or training of trainers as per the number of personnel. Provide technical
support for implementation of IEC and awareness activities around major ports with
support of ports authorities.



Sharing reporting formats and monitoring mechanisms.



NACO/SACS will coordinate and provide necessary technical support to Ministry of
Shipping /major ports to integrate STI/HIV/AIDS services. To Read More National
Stories

NATIONAL QUIZZES

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1. Six Indian NGOs or non-governmental organisations working towards upliftment of
poor, Dalits as well as women were approved by the Committee on Non-Governmental
Organizations for consultative status with the UN. Name the committee that approved
the status of the six NGO’s?
a) Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
b) Committee on Conferences
c) Committee on the Administration of Justice at the United Nations
d) Committee on a Comprehensive and Integral International Convention on Protection
and Promotion of the Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities
Answer. (a) Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
2. Which of the following statements in context of upliftment of Indian NGOs to the
consultative status true?
i.

The consultative status was given during the annual ongoing session of the world body
panel in the week dated 21 January 2013 to 27 January 2013.

ii.

The NGOs which enjoy general and special status are eligible for attending the meetings
of the Council as well as issuing statements.

iii.

The Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations, has as of now, accorded this
special status to over 13500 NGOs from the world.

iv.

The Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations includes 70 members, all of which
are chosen on the grounds of equitable geographical representation.

a) Statements i, ii, and iii are true
b) Statements ii, iii and iv are true
c) All statements are true
d) Statements i and ii are only true
Answer. (d) Statements i and ii are only true
3. The President of India mandated harsher punishment such as death penalty for the
offenders of Sexual Assaults in cases where the victim either dies or lands into the
vegetative state. To make the punishment harsher, the president assented an
ordinance, what is the name of the ordinance?
a) Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013
b) Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2012

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Current Affairs PDF February 2013

Page 49

c) Prevention of Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013
d) Prevention of Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2012
Answer. (a) Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013
4. Which of the following statements in context of the Criminal Law (Amendment)
Ordinance, 2013 true?
i.

Insertion of new sections 326A and 326B to the Indian Penal Code: Voluntarily causing
grievous hurt by use of acid, voluntarily throwing or attempting to throw acid.

ii.

Omission of new section 166A to the Indian Penal Code: Public servant disobeying
direction under law.

iii.

Substitution of new sections 370 and 370A for section 370 to the Indian Penal Code:
Trafficking of person, employing of a trafficked person.

iv.

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013 was given assent by the President and
it includes stalking, voyeurism, acid attacks as well as disrobing of women.

a) Statements i, ii, and iii are true
b) Statement, i and ii are true
c) Statements ii and iii are true
d) Statements i, iii and iv are true
Answer. (d) Statements i, ii and iv are true
5. A Tamil movie in January 2013 faced the heats of protests leading to ban of its release.
Below is the name of some movies that faced the heat of protests at the time of their
release. Match the name of the movies with the year of their release.
i.

Vishwaroopam

(A) 1994

ii.

Bandit Queen

(B) 1975

iii.

Aandhi

(C) 1998

iv.

Fire

(D) 2013

i

ii

iii

iv

D

C

B

A

D

A

B

C

D

B

A

C

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