PDF Archive

Easily share your PDF documents with your contacts, on the Web and Social Networks.

Share a file Manage my documents Convert Recover PDF Search Help Contact



Crafa Nagel Accounting for Heterogeneity the CBB Model .pdf


Original filename: Crafa-Nagel-Accounting-for-Heterogeneity-the-CBB-Model.pdf
Title: Microsoft Word - Crafa-Nagel-Accounting-for-Heterogeneity-the-CBB-Model.docx
Author: Daina Crafa

This PDF 1.3 document has been generated by Microsoft Word / Mac OS X 10.6.8 Quartz PDFContext, and has been sent on pdf-archive.com on 29/09/2013 at 23:50, from IP address 96.127.x.x. The current document download page has been viewed 574 times.
File size: 55 KB (1 page).
Privacy: public file




Download original PDF file









Document preview


Accounting for Heterogeneity:
The Culture-Brain-Behavior Interaction Model
Daina Crafa1 & Saskia K. Nagel2
1Queen

Mary, University of London, Wolfson Institute for Preventative Medicine, Centre for
Psychiatry, d.crafa@smd12.qmul.ac.uk
2University of Osnabrück, Institute of Cognitive Science
Accounting for heterogeneity, as in individual diversity and psychiatric disorders, can
be challenging when describing the interaction between culture and the brain. On the
one hand, discussions of neurocultural phenomena require some population-based
reductionism in order to isolate culturally distinct patterns. On the other hand,
acknowledging heterogeneity within cultures can provide a richer understanding of
the relationship between culture and the brain. By taking a systems approach to
neurocultural phenomena, the authors propose a Culture-Brain-Behavior (CBB)
Interaction Model to account for heterogeneity within neural and cultural events. In
particular, this model emphasizes the impact social learning and ecocultural changes
can have on modifying brain and behavior, and describes how diverse experiences
and cognitive abilities may cause heterogeneity. Finally, the CBB model predicts how
disruptions to these elements may account for the high rate of cultural variations for
many psychiatric disorders.

References
Bhugra, D. (2006). Severe mental illness across cultures. Acta Psychiatrica
Scandinavica, 429, 17–23.
Crafa, D., & Nagel, S., (2013). Traces of culture: the feedback loop between brain,
behavior, and disorder. Transcultural Psychiatry, in review.
Kalra, G., Bhugra, D., & Shah, N. (2012). Cultural aspects of schizophrenia.
International Review of Psychiatry, 24, 441–449.
Kirmayer, L. J. (2001). Cultural variations in the clinical presentation of depression
and anxiety: Implications for diagnosis and treatment. Journal of Clinical
Psychiatry, 62 (suppl 13), 22–28.
Kirmayer, L. J., & Groleau, D. (2001). Affective disorders in cultural context.
Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 24, 465–478.
Kitayama, S., & Uskul, A. K. (2011). Culture, mind, and the brain: Current
evidence and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 419–449.
Meltzoff, A. N. (2007b). The “Like Me” framework for recognizing and becoming
an intentional agent. Acta Psychologica, 124, 26–43.
Moreno, D.R., Schiff, N.D., Giacino, J., Kalmar, K., & Hirsch, J. (2010). A network
approach to assessing cognition in disorders of consciousness. Neurology, 75,
1871-1878.
Ryder, A. G., Yang, J., Zhu, X., Yao, S., Yi, J., Heine, S. J. et al. (2008). The
cultural shaping of depression: Somatic symptoms in China, psychological
symptoms in North America? Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117, 300–313.

Citation information
Crafa, D., & Nagel, S. (2013, May). Accounting for Heterogeneity: The CultureBrain-Behavior Interaction Model. Paper presented at the first meeting of the
International Cultural Neuroscience Consortium, Evanston, IL, USA.


Document preview Crafa-Nagel-Accounting-for-Heterogeneity-the-CBB-Model.pdf - page 1/1

Related documents


crafa nagel accounting for heterogeneity the cbb model
bias in clinical guidelines
severe depression clinic los angeles ca
any type of counseling therapy dana lee wiley
pages from connections july2016
apa s vision mission values and goals


Related keywords