PEDS (1) .pdf

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Pediatric massage is a complementary and alternative treatment that
uses massage therapy, or "the manual manipulation of soft tissue
intended to promote health and well-being" for children and
adolescents. The goal is to aide in reducing pain, anxiety, loneliness
and fear when children are hospitalized or diagnosed with a debilitating
medical condition. Pediatric massage takes into consideration each
child’s individual physical development, cognitive development and
heath care needs. From infants to adolescents, children benefit tremendously
from receiving Massage Therapy. An impressive amount of research has been
conducted on the effects of Massage Therapy for children with various
conditions. The Touch Research Institute in Miami, FL has shown Massage
Therapy benefits many pediatric conditions.

Pediatric Conditions

Anorexia ~
Massage Therapy reduced anxiety, depressed mood and salivary cortisol, (stress
hormone) levels and body dissatisfaction.
Asthma ~
This study showed positive effects of parents massaging their asthmatic children
including increased peak air flow, improved pulmonary functions, less anxiety,
and reduced stress hormone (cortisol) in the children. Parental anxiety also
decreased.

ADHD ~
Adolescents with ADHD rated themselves as happier and were observed to
fidget less after massage sessions. Also, teachers rated adolescents receiving
massage as less hyperactive and as spending more time on-task.

Children with ADHD showed more on-task behavior in the classroom and were
rated as less hyperactive by their teachers following one month of twice weekly
massages.
Autism ~
Children in the massage group exhibited less stereotypic behavior and showed
more on-task and social relatedness behavior during play observations at school,
and they experienced fewer sleep problems at home.
Back Pain ~
Massage lessened lower back pain, depression and anxiety, and improved sleep.
The massage therapy group also showed improved range of motion and their
serotonin and dopamine levels were higher.
Behavior Problems ~
Preschool children with behavior problems who received massage showed more
on-task behavior, and less solitary play.
Bulimia ~
Bulimic adolescent girls received massage therapy 2 times a week for 5 weeks.
Effects included an improved body image, decreased depression and anxiety
symptoms, decreased cortisol levels and increased dopamine and serotonin
levels.
Burns ~
Massage Therapy given prior to dressing young children’s sever body burns
decreased stress behaviors. Nurses also reported greater ease in completing the
dressing change procedure for the children in the massage group.
Cerebral Palsy ~
Massage therapy helped children with CP reduce spasticity, gain more muscle
flexibility, and motor function and have more positive social interaction.
Cocaine Exposed Newborns ~
Massaged newborns had fewer postnatal complications and showed increased
weight gain, better performance on the Brazelton Neonatal Behavior Assessment
Scale, and less stress behaviors following 10 days of massage.

Cystic Fibrosis ~ Children receiving daily bedtime massages from their parents
reported being less anxious, and their mood and peak air flow readings
improved.
Dermatitis ~
Children’s affect and activity levels improved as did all measures of skin condition
including less redness, lichenification, excoriation, and pruritis after massage
therapy. Parents’ anxiety levels also decreased.
Diabetes ~
Following one month of parents massaging their children with diabetes, the
children’s glucose levels decreased to the normal range and their dietary
compliance increased. Both parents’ and children’s anxiety and depression levels
decreased.
Down syndrome ~
Infants with Down syndrome improved in muscle tone and in performance on
motor tasks following massage therapy.
HIV Exposed Newborns ~
Increased weight gain and improved performance on the Brazelton Newborn
Scale were experienced by the massaged newborns.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis ~
Positive effects of parents massaging their arthritis children included less pain
(particularly at night), and less morning stiffness as assessed by the Parent, Child
and Physician’s Assessment as well as lower anxiety and cortisol levels.
Leukemia ~
Twenty children with leukemia were provided with daily massages by their
parents and were compared to a standard treatment control group. Following one
month of massage therapy, depressed mood decreased in the children’s parents,
and children’s white blood cell and neutrophil counts increased.

Multiple Sclerosis ~
Massage therapy decreased anxiety and depressed mood, and improved hand
strength, self-esteem, body image, and social functioning.
Preterm Infants & Newborns ~

Preterm Infants & Newborns ~
Preterm infants gained more weight following as few as 5 days of massage
therapy.
Preterm infants gained 47% more weight, became more socially responsive,
and were discharged 6 days earlier. The underlying biological mechanism for
weight gain in the massaged preterm newborns may be increase in vagal tone
and, in turn, and increase in insulin (food absorption hormone).
Psychiatric Patients ~
With 30-minute massages these children/adolescents had better sleep patterns,
lower depression and anxiety and lower stress hormone levels (cortisol and
norepinephrine).


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