Ox stress Pyelonephritis .pdf

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Title: 1Jelena Martinović, 2Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević, 2,3Violeta Dopsaj, 4Milivoj Dopsaj, 2Aleksandra Stefanović, 4Goran Kasum     1Belgrade Clinical Centre, Laboratory Department, Belgrade, Serbia 2Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Un
Author: Jelena

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Predrag Stojakovic1, Marija Slavkovic1, Gorica Banjac1, Milica Miljkovic1, Jasmina Ivanišević1, Jelena Kotur-Stevuljević1, Amira PecoAntić2, Duško Paripović2, Stanislava Petrović3
for Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy – University of Belgrade, Serbia
2University Children’s Hospital, Belgrade, Serbia
3Health Center “Stari Grad”, Belgrade, Serbia

Introduction: Acute pyelonephritis is an ascending


urinary tract infection that has reached the renal pelvis,
usually accompanied by infection within the renal
parenchyma. It is one of the most common bacterial
infection in children. Imbalance between antioxidants
and pro-oxidants in favor of the pro-oxidants is
involved in renal parenchymal inflammatory processes
and progressive kidney damage.

The study included 40 children
with acute pyelonephritis. Total
oxidative status (TOS) and total
antioxidative status (TAS) were
measured in serum and urine.
The samples were taken after
hospital admission and also at
discharge in clinically stable
condition. TOS was determined
by spectrophotometric method
chromogen; TAS by colorimetric
assay using a stable ABTS +
cation as chromogene.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine
the concentrations of markers of total oxidant and
antioxidant status in serum and urine in children during
the acute phase, and after normalization of clinical
parameters of pyelonephritis, in order to determine the
degree of oxidation - stress disorders in pyelonephritis.




Figure1: TOS serum values in acute phase and after normalisation of clinical status.

Our results showed
that the concentration of serum
pyelonephritis in acute phase of
disease was significantly higher
compared to values at discarge
(36 15.8µmol/L
29 15.8
µmol/L P<0.05)​​. Urine TOS
values were slightly higher in the
acute phase, but the difference
was not statistically significant.
TAS values were not significantly
different either in serum or in

Conclusion: The results showed that the values ​of TOS in children in the acute phase of pyelonephritis were
significantly higher, which indicates that TOS increase could be a marker of tissue damage during
pyelonephritis. TAS is not a good indicator of antioxidative protection in acute pyelonephritis. This parameter is
the sum of all reducing substances in circulation, urea and uric acid mainly, whose concentration increase in
blood due to kidney damage.
[1] Erel O; A novel automated direct measurement method for total antioxidant capacity using a new generation, more stable ABTS radical cation; Clin. Biochem. 2004; 37:227-285.
[2] Erel O; A new automated method for measuring total oxidant status; Clin. Biochem. 2005; 38:1103-1111.
[3] Elitsa Lyubomirova Pavlova, Marusia Illieva Lilova, Varban Minkov Savov; Oxidative stress in children with kidney disease; Pediatr Nephrol (2005) 20:1599–1604

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