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Wheelock's Latin

The WHEELOCK'S LATIN Series
WHEELOCK'S LATlN
Frederic M. \iVheelock, revised by Richard A. LaFleur
WORKBOOK FOR WHEELOCK'S LATIN
Paul Comeau, revised by Richard A. Lafleur
WHEELOCK'S LATIN READER:
SELECTIONS FROM LATIN LITERATURE
Frederic M. Vlheelock, revised by Richard A. LaFleur

Wheelock's Latin
Frederic M. Wheelock
Revised by

Richard A. Lafleur
6th Edition, Revised

=

Harper Resource
An Imprint of HarperCollins Publishers

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Maps
pages xlvi-xlviii: All maps copyright by Richard A. LaFleur and Thomas R. Elliott
with materials courtesy of the Ancient World Mapping Center (http://www.unc.edu/
awmc)
Photographs
cove, (detail) and page 289: Virgil between two Muses, mosaic, early 3rd century
A.D., Musee National du Bardo, Tunis, Tunisia-Giraudon/Art Resource, NY; page
xxxiv: Giraudon/Art Resource, NY; pages xl, 7, 8, 23, 30, 73, 88, 102, 108, 120,
127,139,154,176,177,201,208,209,216,227,282: Scala/Art Resource, NY;
pages 42, 47, 87, 153, 160, 217, 241: Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; pages 53,
169,170: Nimatallah/Art Resource, NY; pages 60, 244: SEF/Art Resource, NY;
p. 80: The Pierpont Morgan Library/Art Resource, NY; page 96: Fine Art Photographic Library, London/Art Resource, NY; page 114: Philadelphia Museum of Art:
The George W. Elkins Collection; pages 133, 199: AlinariiArt Resource, NY; page
192: Tate Gallery, London/Art Resource, NY; page 265: James C. Anderson, jr.
Editorial consultant: Prof. Ward Briggs, University of South Carolina
WHEELOCK'S'M

is a trademark of Martha Wheelock and Deborah Wheelock Taylor.

WHEELOCK'S LATIN (SIXTH EDITION, REVISED). Copyright © 2005 by Frederic M.
Wheelock, Martha Wheelock, and Deborah Wheelock Taylor. Revision text
copyright © 2005 by Richard A. LaFleur. All rights reserved. Printed in the United
States of America. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner
whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations
embodied in critical articles and reviews. For information, address HarperCollins
Publishers, '10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10022.

HarperCollins books may be purchased for educational, business, or sales
promotional use. For information, please write: Special Markets Department,
HarperCollins Publishers, 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10022.
SIXTH EDITION, REVISED

ISBN 0-06-078371-0 (pbk.)

ISBN 0-06-078423-7

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Contents

Foreword ..................................................................................................... ix
Preface ....................................................................................................... xiii
The Revised Edition ................................................................................... xxi
Introduction ..................................................................................... ,...... , xxvii

The Position of the Latin Language in Linguistic History ................... xxvii
A Brief Survey of Latin Literature ....................................................... xxxii
The Alphabet and Pronunciation ,',,,',,,,',"""'''''''''', ... ,,.,, ... ,,.,,'''''',,.,, xxxix
M~..............x~

2
3
4
5

6
7
8
9
10
11

Verbs; First and Second Conjugations:
Present Infinitive, Indicative, and Imperative Active; Translating .............. 1
Nouns and Cases; First Declension;
Agreement of Adjectives; Syntax ... " .. "".""""".""" ... """,,.,,",,.,,.,,""""" 9
Second Declension: Masculine Nouns and Adjectives;
Apposition; Word Order .......................................................................... 17
Second Declension Neuters; Adjectives; Present Indicative
of Sum; Predicate Nouns and Adjectives; Substantive Adjectives .. """",,24
First and Second Conjugations:
Future and Imperfect; Adjectives in -er "" .................. " ....... " ...... ,,,,, .. ,,,,.31
Sum: Future and Imperfect Indicative; Possum: Present,
Future, and Imperfect Indicative; Complementary Infinitive"" .... " ...... ". 37
Third Declension Nouns .............................................................................. 43
Third Conjugation: Present Infinitive, Present, Future,
and Imperfect Indicative, Imperative .................. ,", ...... , ......... , ....... , ....... ,49
Demonstratives Hie, I1/e, Isle; Special -ius Adjectives ................................ " 55
Fourth Conjugation and -ill Verbs of the Third ........................................... 62
Personal Pronouns Ego, Ta, and Is; Demonstratives Is and Idem ................ 67

v

vi

Wheelock's Latin

12 Perfect Active System of All Verbs ............................................................ 75
13 Reflexive Pronouns and Possessives; Intensive Pronoun
............. 82
14 I-Stem Nouns of the Third Declension;
Ablatives of Means, Accompaniment, and Manner......
....... 89
15 Numerals; Genitivc of the Whole; Genitive and Ablative
with Cardinal Numerals; Ablative of Time .............................................. 97
16 Third Declension Adjectives ................................................ .
104
17 The Relative Pronoun., ........................................................ .
.. ....... 110
18 First and Second Conjugations: Passive Voice
of the Present System; Ablative of Agent ........................
.. ........... 116
19 Perfect Passive Systcm of All Verbs;
Interrogative Pronouns and Adjectives ................................
....... 122
20 Fourth Declension; Ablatives of Place from Which and Separation ......... 129
21 Third and Fourth Conjugations: Passive Voice of the Present System ....... 135
22 Fifth Declension; Ablative of Place Where;
Summary of Ablative Uses .. ,................................................................ 141
.. .. 147
23 Participles .............. ..
.. .. 155
24 Ablative Absolute; Passive Periphrastic; Dative of Agent ..
.162
25 Infinitives; Indirect Statement ........................................ .
26 Comparison of Adjectives; Declension of Comparatives;
. 171
Ablative of Comparison .................................. .
179
27 Special and Irregular Comparison of Adjectives.
28 Subjunctive Mood; Present Subjunctive;
Jussive and Purpose Clauses ...... ...... .......... ....... ..... .... ....
... 186
29 Imperfect Subjunctive; Present and Imperfect
Subjunctive of Sum and Possum; Result Clauses ................................... 194
30 Perfect and Pluperfect Subjnnctive;
Indirect Questions; Sequence of Tenses ................................................. 202
31 Cum Clauses; Fm} ................................................................................... 211
32 Formation and Comparison of Adverbs;
VO/i), All71iJ, N{j/iJ; Proviso Clauses ........................................................ 219
.. ........................................................................... 228
33 Conditions .......... .
.. .................... 234
34 Deponent Verbs; Ablative with Special Deponents ..
35 Dative with Adjectives; Dative with Special Verbs;
Dative with Compounds ........................................... ..
36 Jussive Noun Clauses; FTi5 ........................................... ..

245
.253

.. ........ 260
37 Conjugation of Eo; Constructions of Place and Time .. .
38 Relative Clauses of Characteristic; Dative of Refercnce; Supines ............. 269
39 Gerund and Gerundive ......................... ,............. ,.................................... 276
40 -Ne, NWl1, and NiJnne in Direct Questions; Fear Clauses;
Genitive and Ablative of Description ........................ ,..... ,., ........ , ..... ", .. 284

Contents
Loci AntiquI ..

vii

. .............................................................................. 292

LocI Inl1niiUitI ........................................................................................... 304

Optional Self-Tutorial Exercises ............... ..

.................................. 356

Key to Exercises .............. .

.................................. 396

Appendix ...... .
Some Etymological Aids

. .................................. 435
.................................. 435

Supplementary Syntax ................................... .
Summary of Forms ...................................... .
English-Latin Vocabulary ............ .

................ 442
. .. 446

............... .461

Latin-English Vocabulary .......... .

....................... 470

Abbreviations ................ ,., ...... ,.... .

........................ 491

Index ........... " ...... , ................. , .. .

........................................... ~5

Location of the Sententiae Antfquae ......................................................... 508

About the Authors ..................................................................................... 511


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