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24I18 IJAET0118698 v6 iss6 2524 2530.pdf


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International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, Jan. 2014.
©IJAET
ISSN: 22311963
the air heater and also to set the required gas and coolant air pressure and temperature. All data of gas,
coolant air and test specimen were logged using National Instruments manufactured SCXI signal
conditioning cards and analog to digital card.

V.

TEST SPECIMEN AND METHODOLOGY

An engine standard nozzle guide vane was used in this series of tests to measure the cooling
effectiveness thereby maintaining geometric similarity automatically. The nozzle guide vane has two
cooling air compartments, one for the leading edge circuit and another for the trailing edge circuit.
The test specimen was prepared by embedding 10 thermocouples at 50% radial heights, on the airfoil
surface of the nozzle guide vane. Figure 3 and Table 1 show the nozzle guide vane along with the
various locations of the embedded thermocouples respectively. A ‘Cooling Air Pocket’ as shown in
Figure 4 was joined by vacuum brazing to the nozzle guide vane to adapt the nozzle guide vane for rig
testing. This cooling air pocket helped in supplying cooling air, whose mass flow rate had been
measured, to the nozzle guide vane without any leakages. Also the cooling air pocket was so designed
so as to carry out any modifications of the nozzle guide vane if required. This instrumented test
specimen was assembled in the center position in the sectorial cascade (Figure 2) and on either side
nozzle guide vanes without any instrumentation were assembled.
Principles of dimensional analyses states that for any scaled testing geometric and aerodynamic
similarities needs to be maintained. Also it is shown in [2] that it is required to maintain thermal
similarity. An engine component was used for testing thus geometric similarity was maintained.
Reynolds number and Mach number were maintained identical between engine and scaled test rig
thereby maintaining aerodynamic similarity. To achieve this gas pressure Pg was maintained
independently and the cooling air pressure Pc was maintained as a ratio of gas pressure. Thermal
similarity was maintained by maintaining gas to cooling air temperature ratio.
Air supplied from the high pressure air supply facility at a pressure of Pg = 8 Kg/Sqcm was heated to
an average temperature Tg = 674 K in the air heater. A set of control valves were operated and the
required cooling air pressure was maintained. The cooling air pressure was maintained as a ratio of
cooling air to gas pressure ratio which was kept constant at 1.05.
The range of temperature of the cooling air was selected depending on the engine test data.
Accordingly cooling air temperature was increased from 372 K to 435 K in the leading edge circuit
and from 379 K to 459 K in the trailing edge circuit, in steps, thus varying the gas to coolant air
temperature ratio. The temperature ratio was thus varied from 1.82 to 1.57 in the leading edge circuit
and 1.71 to 1.48 in the trailing edge circuit. Then Pg , Tg, Tc, and surface metal temperature Tm, of the
ten thermocouples was recorded and the cooling effectiveness calculated using (1).
Table 1 Location of embedded thermocouples
(-ve sign means suction surface)

Figure 3 Location of
thermocouples on nozzle
guide vane

2527

Location No

Fractional Surface length

1
2
3
4
5

0.934
0.803
0.686
0.416
0
-0.275

6
7
8
9
10

-0.6
-0.719
-0.775
-0.938

Vol. 6, Issue 6, pp. 2524-2530