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A d d i s o n We s l e y p r e s e n t s
Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education Canada Inc.
All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright, and permission should be obtained from the
publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or
by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding
permission, write to the Permissions Department.
Open Student Text
(Title page to come)
Mark van Roode
Gail de Souza
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
University of Toronto
Peel District School Board (Retired)
Halton District School Board (Retired)
Gail de Souza
Copyright © 2002 Pearson Education Canada Inc., Toronto, Ontario
All rights reserved. This publication is protected by copyright, and permission should be
obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval
system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission, write to the
The information and activities presented in this book have been carefully edited and
reviewed. However, the publisher shall not be liable for any damages resulting, in whole or
in part, from the reader’s use of this material.
Brand names that appear in photographs of products in this textbook are intended to
provide students with a sense of the real-world applications of science and technology and
are in no way intended to endorse specific products.
The publisher has taken every care to meet or exceed industry specifications for the
manufacturing of textbooks. The spine and the endpapers of this sewn book have been
reinforced with special fabric for extra binding strength. The cover is a premium, polymerreinforced material designed to provide long life and withstand rugged use. Mylar gloss
lamination has been applied for further durability.
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Cover Image: Digital Vision
Cover picture shows fibre optics.
Printed and bound in Canada
1 2 3 4 5 – TCP – 05 04 03 02 01
Ack n ow l e d g e m e n t s
Curriculum and Assessment Consultant
Marietta (Mars) Bloch
Toronto District School Board
Middlefield C.I., Markham
Senior Science Consultant
St. Joan of Arc C.H.S., Maple
Peel District School Board
Marathon S.S., Marathon
Tagwi S.S., Avonmore
Thames Valley District School Board
Cobourg D.C.I. West, Cobourg
Marko Horbatsch, Dr. phil. nat.
Department of Physics & Astronomy, York
Nutakki D. Rao, B.E., M.E., Ph.D., P. Eng.
Department of Electrical and Computer
Engineering, University of Calgary
Peter J. Simpson, B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D.
Department of Physics & Astronomy, University
of Western Ontario
North Dundas D.H.S., Chesterville
Mother Teresa C.S.S., Scarborough
Agincourt C.I., Agincourt
St. Anne’s C.S.S., Clinton
Sir Robert Borden H.S., Nepean
Branksome Hall, Toronto
Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board
Gabriel Roman Ayyavoo, M.Ed.
Francis Libermann C.H.S., Scarborough
Brother Edmund Rice S.S., Toronto
Dr. G.W. Williams S.S., Aurora
Dr. G.W. Williams S.S., Aurora
Westminster S.S., London
Lively D.S.S., Lively
Birchmount Park C.I., Scarborough
Ottawa-Carleton District School Board
By the end of this unit,
you will be able to:
demonstrate an understanding
of the relationship between
forces and the acceleration of
an object in linear motion
investigate, through experimentation, the effect of a net force
on the linear motion of an
object, and analyze the effect in
quantitative terms, using
graphs, free-body diagrams,
and vector diagrams
describe the contributions of
Galileo and Newton to the understanding of dynamics; evaluate
and describe technological
advances related to motion; and
identify the effects of societal
influences on transportation and
Forces and Motion
ou slowly rise up to the top of the first crest. Suddenly, gravity pulls
you down the other side. Your velocity increases rapidly. Within seconds you are plummeting downward at over 95 km/h. When you
reach the bottom of the hill, you are forced down into your seat so hard that
it feels like you weigh 2000 N (200 kg). Then a hairpin turn slams you to one
side. Before you can react, you are hurled into a death-defying loop and find
yourself upside down! After another minute of terrifying hills, curves, dips,
and loops the ride is over.