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Some Information on Organic Farming .pdf



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Some Information
on Organic Farming

Whirlston Fertilizer Machinery

Website: www.fertilizer-machine.com
Email: info@fertilizer-machine.com

Some Information on Organic Farming
Key words: organic farming,organic farming method,compost,organic material
How do you know about organic farming? In this article, we will explore various
organic farming methods. Organic farming methods emphasize the use of
renewable resources and conservation of soil and water. It all starts with good
soil. The right mix of soil leads to healthier crops and animals, reduces their
susceptibility to disease, and increases the overall productivity of the farm.
Common techniques used by organic farmers to manage soil quality -- which
involves not just the soil itself but also water, weeds, disease and pests -include the use of animal manure, compost, cover crops, green manures and
crop rotation.

Compost is organic material used with success in both home gardens and
farms. It is made of decaying and decayed organic wastes and is spread on
garden beds and organically farmed fields. Examples include:
* Yard trimmings -- wood chips, grass clippings and leaves
* Food waste -- coffee grounds, tea bags, and fruits and vegetables
* Manures -- poultry, cow and horse

Using compost can encourage beneficial bacteria and fungi to grow, helping to
create nutrient-rich, moist soil while also eliminating or reducing the need for
chemical fertilizers.

Green manures and cover crops also improve soil quality. Plants are grown
specifically to benefit the soil and the main crops on the farm -- farmers choose
from a variety of cover crop plants depending on the needs of their fields.

Cover crops in general are used to protect the soil's surface from water and
wind erosion, help maintain soil structure, and help maintain the level of
organic matter of the soil, all of which keeps soil healthy. Green manure is a
type of cover crop grown specifically to add nutrients back into the soil; manure
is plowed together with the soil, positively increasing the soil's organic matter.

Cover crops are also used in place of conventional pesticides to keep weeds at
bay and as a distraction to pests. Have you ever noticed that weeds always
seem to take over a bare patch of your lawn? They flourish where no other
plants are growing in their way. Cover crops take up space where weeds would
love to make their home. The idea behind using cover crops in pest control is
to both lure beneficial pests, such as ladybugs, to the field all year round and to
deter unwanted pests from the main crops by offering an attractive and tasty
alternative.

Crop rotations are also part of the strategy organic farmers use to help sustain
soil fertility. For example, this year an organic farmer may grow wheat on a
field, graze sheep on that field next, and plan to plant a cover crop of clover the
year after. When the same crop is grown on the same land year after year,
known as mono-cropping, the soil can become depleted of nutrients it needs to
stay healthy. Variety here really is the spice of life.

There is also a variety of sustainable and organic management techniques
used in raising livestock, depending on the types of animals on the farm.


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