Nepal Earthquake Recovery Apeal Strategic Overview(2).pdf
On 25th April a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck central Nepal, impacting 39 of the 75 districts across the
country including the capital Kathmandu. According to the Nepali Home Ministry1 the death toll has reached
7,912, but casualty figures are expected to rise as rescue efforts continue (at least 264 Nepali nationals and
111 foreigners are still missing after the disaster). This source also estimates 17,871 people were injured and
a total of 2,97,266 houses were fully damaged and 10,803 government buildings collapsed. Other sources2
have reported 8 million people have been may be affected by the earthquake.
Nepal is one of the world’s poorest countries, and is still struggling to overcome the effects of the decadelong civil war from 1996 to 2006. Although a certain level of stability has been achieved in the last few years,
the situation remains sensitive - the country is plagued by political instability and suffers from frequent
episodes of popular unrest, as well limited infrastructure, topographical challenges and large parts of the
country and population lacking access to more than the most basic public services.
Areas most severely impacted include Gorkha (the epicentre), Sindupalchowk, Rasuwa, Ramechhap,
Nuwakot, Kavre, Dolakha, Dhading, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur and Kathmandu3. Mount Everest was also struck
by deadly avalanches, with casualties of 17 climbers, with the number of Sherpa and porter fatalities still
not being clear. NERA is not prioritising this area of need or the Sherpa community as it is believed they will
access support from existing donor funds and climbing networks to help rebuild their communities.
In the capital the extent of the damage is uneven with some of the more affluent parts of the capital, such as
Lazimpat, Maharajgunj, and Durbar Marg hardly affected, whilst other areas including Patan and Kathmandu
Durbar Square, the main cultural attractions of the city suffering severe damage.