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76

Seattle Journal of Environmental Law

[Vol. 5:1

2. Welcome to Agbogbloshie, Accra, Ghana: The Growing Metal
Scrap Yard ..................................................................................... 85
III. Impacts of Developed-World Dumping In West Africa’s Port Cities
87
A. E-Waste’s Environmental Impact ................................................... 87
1. Negative Impact on Water Supplies........................................... 87
2. Negative Impact to Soil.............................................................. 88
B. E-Waste’s Human Impact ............................................................... 89
1. Negative Impact of Lead on the Body ....................................... 90
2. Negative Impact of Flame-Retardants on the Body ................... 90
C. E-Waste’s Economic Impact on the Job Market............................. 91
IV. An E-wasteland of International Laws: Creating the Black Market. 92
A. The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements
of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (1989) ................................. 92
B. The Amendment to the Convention on the Control of
Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal,
“The Ban Amendment” (1995) ........................................................... 94
C. The Bamako Convention on the Ban of the Import into Africa and
the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of
Hazardous Wastes within Africa (1991) ............................................. 96
D. How these International Conventions’ Shortcomings Perpetuate the
E-waste Black Market ......................................................................... 98
1. African Nations Participating in the Black Market .................... 99
2. Developed Nations Participating in the Black Market ............... 99
E. How a Black Market Generates One-sided Solutions to E-Waste
Pollution ............................................................................................ 100
1. Benefits and Detriments of an E-Waste Ban to Developed
Nations ......................................................................................... 100
2. Benefits and Detriments of an E-Waste Ban to Developing
Nations ......................................................................................... 101
V. Designing International Litigation With Monetary Compensation as
an Appropriate Interim Measure ........................................................... 102
A. What Should the International Claim Look Like? ........................ 103
B. What Sort of Formula Should Be Used to Yield Positive Results?
104
C. What about an International Tribunal for E-Waste? ..................... 105
VI. Conclusion ...................................................................................... 106