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Discuss the components of good governance. Do you think that Bangladesh is
experiencing poor governance? Give explanation in favor of your answer.

Good governance is an umbrella concept that covers a set of issues of human life
depending on the person’s concern and understanding of reality. Good governance means
the manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and
social resource for the development in an efficient and transparent way. The term
governance can apply to corporate, international, national, local governance or to the
interactions between other sectors of society. In general terms, good governance ensures
that political, social and economic priorities are based on broad consensus in society, that
voices of the poorest and most vulnerable are heard in decision making.
There are no less than four major components of good governance, they are as follows:
 Accountability
 Transparency
 Predictability
 Participation
Accountability: It is the capacity to call officials to account for their actions. An
effective accountability has got two components; answerability & consequences.
Answerability is the requirement to respond periodically to questions concerning one’s
official actions. There is also a need for predictable and meaningful consequences,
without which accountability is only a time consuming formality. Also, both internal and
external accountability are vital. For example: prediction are made following the
competition of Padma Bridge in Bangladesh that it will contribute 3%, total in increase in
GDP. Therefore, accountability does exist to some extent in Bangladesh as
responsiveness is done by officials about certain projects.
Transparency: It actually relates with the access to relevant information’s at very low
cost to the general public. Also, timely and reliable information are needed to be provided
to the public, which could be through the use of media. However, the information’s also

requires being relevant and understandable. For example: In Bangladesh, a person
seeking information about the construction of a flyover, regarding the time, cost about the
project, can hardly be answered by the officials relevantly or provide reliable and exact
answer to the question of a citizen. Therefore, transparency in good governance barely
exists in Bangladesh.
Predictability: The term refers to a country’s legal environment that must be conductive
to development. A govt. must be able to regulate itself via laws, regulations and policies.
Also ensuring impartial settlement of disputes and proper enforcement of law, that should
be fair and consistent. In recent times, in Bangladesh, the law enforcement has developed
to some extent that what it was before. However, unfortunately, this law enforcement
does not always implies when it comes to bring any ruling party’s leaders under law
punishment for their wrong doing. Therefore, this vital component of good governance is
not available in this independent state.
Participation: This concept refers to the involvement of citizens or general public in the
on going development process. Beneficiaries and groups, who are directly and indirectly
related to the project, need to participate, so that govt. can make informed choices with
respect to their needs and social groups can exercise and protect their rights. For instance,
in Bangladesh, only political leaders involvement can se seen in any project, hardly any
ordinary citizen and participate or raise his/her voice. Hence, this component of good
governance does not exist in Bangladesh.
Looking at the components of good governance and by comparing it with the current
scenario of Bangladesh, it can be said that Good Governance does not actually exist or is
Poor Governance: It is characterized by the following elements:
 Unenforced or Unjust Legal System: For instance, in Bangladesh, justice is
always delayed and sometimes even destroyed. Immediate responsiveness is
barely seen even in crucial cases.

 The abuse of Political Power: Destroying the economy by certain politicians in
order to maximize their personal properties/assets is majorly done in our territory.
This also resists good governance to prevail in Bangladesh.
 Corruption: In Bangladesh, corruption is one of the biggest phenomenon that it
not letting our country to achieve or to have good governance.
 No bridge between the civil society and public: The civil society still remains
indifferent to the general public of Bangladesh even after several decades of
 Arbitrary policy making system: For instance, this resists any sort of public
participation in any development project; only the leader’s involvement is
observed which is widely seen in Bangladesh.
To sum up, it can be said that, yes, Bangladesh is experiencing poor governance,
although it is an emerging South Asian country, but in terms of achieving the components
of good governance, it is still lagging behind.

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