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04; 2012.12.00 Pakistan Prison Internal Inspection Manual EN .pdf


Original filename: 04; 2012.12.00_Pakistan Prison Internal Inspection Manual_EN.pdf
Title: Pakistan Prison Internal Manua 9 Oct 2012l.cdr
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United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Pakistan Prison System
Internal Inspection Manual

UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME
COUNTRY OFFICE PAKISTAN

Prison System

Pakistan
Internal Inspection Manual

UNODC

Internal Inspection Manual

Prison System

Pakistan

UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME
COUNTRY OFFICE PAKISTAN
2012

Telephone: +92-51-2601461
Fax: +92-51-2601469
Email: fo.pakistan@unodc.org
Website: www.unodc.org
This report is an internal UNODC document not meant for wide public distribution. It is part of on going
expert research undertaken by UNODC Pakistan to inform the development and management of its
programme of assistance. The aim is to identify needs and offer long term strategic solutions to support
Pakistan in areas related to UNODC mandates including: controlling the demand for and supply of illicit
drugs and precursors; criminal justice; preventing crime and terrorism; and related security sector
issues.
The contents of this publication do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of UNODC, nor neither
do they imply endorsement. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this
publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNODC concerning
the legal status of any country, territory or city, or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its
frontiers or boundaries.

Preface
Prisons are closed environments that separate prisoners from society, and from public view.
Such closed environments are at risk of violating human rights. Prisoners are vulnerable and
susceptible to ill-treatment and even torture. Prisoners must be protected by monitoring of
the conditions of confinement. Monitoring mechanisms promote human rights, help limit the
risk of ill-treatment, and regulate excessive measures taken against prisoners. They also
contribute to the transparency and accountability of prisons, increasing the legitimacy of
prison management and enhancing public confidence in these institutions. Monitoring of
prisons involves the regular and systematic examination of all aspects of the conditions of
confinement to ensure that the prison system respects the rights and dignity of all prisoners.
Monitoring is usually conducted by outside agencies with the power and mandate to inspect
and report on prison conditions.
Although the Pakistan Prison Rules include policy for the independent monitoring of prisons
through the use of official and non-official visitors, for many reasons the programme has not
been fully implemented or maintained. Interviews with government officials indicated the
need to develop training on prison monitoring for non-official visitors who may not be
familiar with prisons, to help them develop skills in understanding what to look for,
international standards, the Pakistan Prison Rules' requirements, and how to interview
prisoners. UNODC, in collaboration with the Pakistan Prison Service and the Government of
Pakistan, developed the Pakistan Prison Visitor Manual as a first step in the training of nonofficial prison visitors. The manual was introduced at a workshop in Islamabad in April 2012
for Pakistan prison officials and staff of non-government organisations working within the
prison system. The manual, and its accompanying checklist, was welcomed by all as a tool to
assist in identifying and addressing areas of non-compliance within the prison system,
however, prison officials requested that the manual and checklist be amended to provide
them with a tool to assist in internal inspection of prisons by prison officials.
To meet this request UNODC developed this manual and the accompanying checklist, the
Pakistan Prison System Internal Inspection Checklist, to provide staff with an internal
document very similair to that used by independent monitors. If the tool is used properly staff
will be able to identify and address any issues that are non-compliant prior to independent
monitoring taking place.

UNODC, Pakistan

1

2. Inspection and monitoring of persons

7

2.1 Definitions
2.2 The importance of inspection and monitoring
2.3 Conducting inspections

7
7
8

3. Conditions of confinement - requirements
3.1 Registers
3.2 Informing prisoners
3.3 Separations of different categories of prisoners
3.4 Accommodation of prisoners
3.5 Lighting and ventilation
3.6 Clothing and bedding
3.7 Personal hygiene and sanitary facilities
3.8 Food
3.9 Medical care
3.10 Medical staff
3.11 Mental illness
3.12 Specific health care for women and babies
3.13 Religion
3.14 Contact with family and friends
3.15 Contact with the outside world
3.16 Work and vocational training
3.17 Education
3.18 Outdoor exercise, leisure, and cultural activities
3.19 Instruments of restraint
3.20 Discipline and punishment
3.21 Requests and complaints
3.22 Management and staff
3.23 Torture and ill-treatment
3.24 Isolation

9
9
10
11
13
15
17
19
22
25
27
30
31
32
34
39
40
44
45
46
49
54
56
68
61

4. Following an inspection
4.1 Reporting immediate concerns
4.2 Making suggestions and recommendations
4.3 Reporting
4.4 Dissemination of reports
4.5 Follow-up

65
65
65
67
68
68

5. References
6. Annexes

Contents

1. Legal framework

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

Internal Inspection Manual

Prison System

Pakistan


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