Desistance Report Final.pdf


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The importance of agency

25



Accepting guilt

25



A change away rather than toward

27

Conclusion

27

7.

Programmes and Probation

28



Programmes or courses

28

Probation

30

Conclusion

32

8.

33

Support Required

Sources of support

33

Elements of support

34

Conclusion

35

9.

36

Changes in Drug and Alcohol Use

Drugs

36



Pre-prison drug use

36



Post-prison drug use

38

Alcohol

39



Pre-prison alcohol use

39



Post-prison alcohol use

40

The relevance of decreasing drug and alcohol use

41

Conclusion

42

10. Changing Peer Groups

43

Criminal associations

43



44

Breaking associations

Conclusion

45

11. Pro-social Lives

46

Employment

46



Partners and children

48



Building a pro-social life

49

Conclusion

49

12. Discussion

50

Bibliography

53

Appendix A - A timeline from crime to final desistance

56

Appendix B - Geographic spread of participants

57