energy consumption .pdf
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Household Energy Consumption and Sources in
Where Does Our Energy Come From?
Australia consumes quite a bit of energy for such a relatively small population. We are the
twentieth largest energy consuming country and fifteenth largest per capita. The majority of
our energy consumed comes from coal (34.2%), oil (38.9%) and gas (22.6%), with 4.3% coming
from renewable sources such as solar and wind power. This article contains some handy
information about where Australia gets its energy and how Australians use that energy, as well
as the cheapest electricity nsw that is readily available.
The Sources of Australia's Energy
The production of energy in Australia relies almost entirely on fossil fuels. The majority of
Australia's energy produced comes from coal. In fact, in 2011-12, 59.6% of all electricity in
Australia came from coal. For the same period, 13% came from natural gas. The reason for the
prominence of coal in Australian energy production is its low cost and its natural abundance on
Australia also sells a large amount of coal to overseas countries, supplying 5.8% of the world's
total coal resources and bringing about $47 billion back into Australia. Natural gas is also
another major Australian export. We send 50% of the total natural gas we produce overseas,
which earns us about $7.8 billion each year.
Household Energy Use
The combined cost of Australia's energy bill is around $50 billion per annum. Compare that to
how much you pay for your annual electricity connection - $50 billion is a lot of energy!
According to the Australian government, the average Australian household largely uses its
energy in two places: 'heating and cooking' (38%) and 'water heating' (25%).
'Other appliances' (16%) comes closely behind, while 'refrigeration' (7%), 'lighting' (7%),
'cooking' (4%), and 'standby' (3%) all share a combined total that does not surpass the two
major consuming factors. Since the 1960s, Australia's energy consumption has consistently
grown each year. But recently, due to economic and political influences, we've seen a
slowdown in that growth. With the rise of new and cleaner technologies, we may also see the
energy we get from natural resources start to grow over the next decade or two.
Towards a Clean Energy Future
The future of Australian energy lies in natural sources. By 2020, Australia's demand for energy
probably will have risen by 50%. Non-renewable sources such as the fossil fuels (like coal) we
currently rely on, will only last so long.
The environmental impact of using fossil fuels, too, is widely known and fossil fuels are the
principal contributor of the planet's greenhouse gases. With increasing energy demands
applying pressure to produce more energy, the government continues to see the future health
of our environment as an extremely important issue and are now putting several measures into
place to reduce our carbon footprint as a country and curb our reliance on fossil fuels.
Hopefully what this means is that in the future, more households will make the move towards
clean and renewable energy to power appliances, heat water and energise our homes in
For more interesting insights on energy consumption please feel free to browse Direct
Connect’s Energy and Utilities Guide section.