PDF Archive

Easily share your PDF documents with your contacts, on the Web and Social Networks.

Share a file Manage my documents Convert Recover PDF Search Help Contact


Preview of PDF document conscripts.pdf

Page 1 23441

Text preview

(Partially) diagonal horizontal

The Nastaliq form of Arabic script, which is the standard form of writing Urdu, is I
think unique in the world by being written in occasionally overlapping diagonals.

The letters are connected to each other in a string that moves gradually downward,

and when a new word is started, the beginning of the word often appears above the
ending of the previous word in order to fill up space and make it more aesthetically


This is when lines of text are alternately written left-to-right and then right-to-left.

This may be accompanied by a 180° rotation of the glyphs, a result of the writing

surface having been rotated in the scribe's hands. For obvious reasons, no modern

scripts are written this way, but if you are creating an ancient script, it could be an

Mixed directionality

Some scripts are written in more than

one direction at the same time. For
example, Many (but by no means all)

Mayan inscriptions were written left to

right, but only in pairs; after two
glyphs, a new line is started below the

previous one, leading to columns two
glyphs wide.

Sumerian Cuneiform was similarly




Phrases or sentences were written
horizontally left-to-right within cells,
but the cells were arranged vertically.