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Bangladesh Bangla newspaper
Mother tongue or first language is perhaps the most favorite thing for any
person. The question of language has resulted into many conflicts and
discontentment. The prime example of such discontentment is the Language
Movement of 1952 in Bangladesh. On the other hand we can not live in
isolation. We have to be in contact with the speakers of other languages.
Bangladesh is considered to be a monolingual country in which more than 98%
of the population is speakers of Bangla language. However, there are more
than ten languages in such a small country like Bangladesh. Monipuri, Urdu,
Chakma, Santali, Garo, Rakhain, Tipra- are just some of the other languages
present in Bangladesh. Bangladesh news
The interesting thing is that Urdu is a Indo-European language but written in
Arabic script, Santali belongs to the Mono-Khemar language family while
Chakma belongs to the Chinese-Barmese language group. So, although
Bangladesh is often portrayed as a country of linguistic unity based on Bangla
language in reality it has notable linguistic diversity. To communicate with the
speakers of other languages we either need to know their language or
communicate in a Lingua-Franca that is comprehensible to both of us. prothom
alo daily bangla newspaper
Today, the world has become a global village. Thanks to the advancement of
communication system and technology. Every country is dependent on others
for trade and commerce, education, politics etc. As a result, we have to
constantly communicate with other countries and speakers of other languages.
Third world countries like Bangladesh have to depend on foreign aid because
they are not self-sufficient. As a result, many foreigners come to Bangladesh. A
third factor is the factor of religion. The sacred language of the Muslims is
Arabic, Sanskrit for Hindus, Pali for the Buddhists and Latin for the Christians.
All these factors remind us the necessity for learning other language(s) in
addition to our mother tongue. According to this reality many countries of the
world have adopted a European language as second language which is often
used in education, law court, economic activities and government works.
These languages have most of the time official status in the constitution of
those countries. Many of the cases the countries have adopted the language of
their past colonial rulers as the second language. Sometimes these languages
are also called official language. In many African countries we can see this
picture. On the other hand, some European languages have become very
important in the world for literary and economic purposes. For example,
German and French are considered to be important languages of the world
because both of them have influential literature and economic aspects
associated with them.
For example, many people in our country are interested to learn French
because it may help them to get UN jobs and jobs in Multinational companies.
Another attractive motivation for learning French in Bangladesh is that it may
help us to immigrate to Canada as skill in French language gives a person some
extra points in the point system of Canadian immigration.
The title of my research is "Status of English in Bangladesh: Second language or
foreign language?" I have selected this topic because from sociolinguistic point
of view the status of English is a very interesting one. On the one hand English
language is dominantly present in every side of our national life while on the
other hand in our constitution it is clearly declared that the language of the
country is Bangla. In fact, nothing is said about the status of English language in
our constitution. On one hand, economic activities in the private companies
are carried out in English while there is a government law (Bangla procholon
ain1987) that government offices must use Bangla in their official works. So
from the government point of view Bangla is the national- official language of
Bangladesh and English is the most important foreign language. But in reality
English is the second language of the country and in many places English is