UMUN2016 Delegate Portfolio Guide CSW .pdf

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The United Nations Economic
and Social Council
The Commission on The Status of Women
Scenario Officer: Millie Bulbeck
President: Emil Hrafn Stensson
Vice-President: Barnaby Ford

Catching Up: Empowering Half The World
Committee Topics
1. Human Security: Ending Violence Against Women and Girls
2. Improving Access to Education for Women Globally
3. Achieving Food Security and Economic Possibility Through
the Empowerment of Rural Women

UMUN 2016

Table of Contents
1.DELEGATE LETTER .....................................................................................................................
2. OPENING STATEMENT, POSITION PAPER AND RESEARCH PREPARATION ............
2.1 THE POSITION PAPER ................................................................................................................................
3. 2.2 THE OPENING STATEMENT ......................................................................................................................
2.3 R

P................................................................................................................

3
4
4
4
5

THE SCENARIOESEARCHANDOFREPARATIONTHECOMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN .......................... 5
3.1 COMMITTEE BACKGROUND AND DESCRIPTION .................................................................................... 5
3.2 CSW BRIEF HISTORY ................................................................................................................................ 6
7
3.3.1 Functions and Powers ...................................................................................................................... 8
4. COMMITTEE TOPICS .................................................................................................................. 8
8
4.2 TOPIC 1 HUMAN SECURITY: ENDING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS ............................ 8
4.2.1 Relevant Previous Session .............................................................................................................. 9
4.2.2 Key Concepts, Sources, Terminology, Events, Acronyms .............................................. 9
4.3 TOPIC 2 IMPROVING ACCESS TO EDUCATION FOR WOMEN GLOBALLY ........................................ 10
4.3.1 Relevant Previous Session(s) ...................................................................................................... 10
4.3.2 Key Concepts, Sources, Terminology, Events, Acronyms ................................................ 11
4.4 TOPIC 3 ACHIEVING FOOD SECURITY AND ECONOMIC POSSIBILITY THROUGH THE
4.4.1 Relevant Previous Session ........................................................................................................... 12
4.4.2 Key Concepts, Sources, Terminology, Events, Acronyms ................................................ 12
5. THE RULES OF PROCEDURE AND RESOLUTIONS .......................................................... 15
5.1 RULES OF PROCEDURE OF THE COMMISSION ON THE STATUS OF WOMEN DURING UMUN
15
7. 5.2 R
15
3.3 MANDATE ....................................................................................................................................................

4.1 INTRODUCTION ...........................................................................................................................................

2016 .................................................................................................................................................................

..........................................................

LIST ESOLUTIONSOFCOMMITTEE COUNTRIES ...................................................................................... 16
8. COUNTRY PROFILE SOURCES AND DATABASES ............................................................ 16
9. BIBLIOGRAPHY .........................................................................................................................

16

2

UMUN 2016

Dear delegates,
Welcome to the Delegate Portfolio Guide. On behalf of the Scenario Group of
UMUN 2016, I’d like to begin by setting the tone for what is to come.
As you now begin your journey as a delegate, from research and preparation to your
opening statement and hopefully in the end, the passing of your committee’s
resolution, we’d ask you to keep a few things in mind.
As UMUN brands itself as “the academic simulation of the UN and the EU”, we put a
lot of emphasis on education, authenticity and gravity. You are now entering the role
as a delegate, but the word ‘role-play’ is misleading as you do not represent a
character but a “faceless” civil servant of a nation state. The views you are portraying
should reflect the interest and policies of your contractor the state, and not foremost
your own. We also would like to point out that even though we have prizes for ‘Best
Delegate’ and ‘Best Delegation’, UMUN is not a competition. Successful negotiations
and the very essence of the UN rests upon consensus, and we ask you to adhere to this
principle, to find common ground when you approach other delegates and include
each other as discussions and working papers are starting to take form.
We also like to remind you of what is actually at stake, would this be the real thing.
Millions of innocent people are suffering from countless adversaries around the globe
and the decisions taken in high-level forums such as the UN, might seem far away
from the individual but can either better or worsen the conditions of countless living
and future generations. It is easy to forget what is real when you move around the
fancy halls and dinners of the diplomatic world (as we will do), but it is the people of
the nations the UN and EU are affecting and ultimately trying to serve, with each
nation state looking first and foremost to their own peoples and sovereignty.
On a last note, the quality of the debate and committee work you will conduct is
entirely up to you, we have to the best of our abilities, attempted to give you the best
possible prerequisites but it is up to you to use the tools we have provided you with.
We advise you to read this document and the “RoP Guide” thoroughly and that you’ll
send us questions to the webinar with the chairs on the 17th of January.
Having that said I’d like to wish you the best of luck in your preparations and look
forward to meeting you at the conference.
Juan C . F. Mauritz
Scenario Director

1.Delegate Letter
Dear Delegates,
It is with great pleasure that we welcome you to Uppsala Model United Nations 2016, a
shared project of the Uppsala Association of Foreign Affairs and the Uppsala United Nations
Association. We have the honour of welcoming you to the UN Commission on the Status of
Women, a leading functional commission of the Economic and Social Council of the UN
(ECOSOC).
For 4 days you will seek to empower yourself as a leader, of which you will seek to fight for
your country's ideals among a diverse and tense international arena. Within this unique
setting, your challenge will be to immerse yourself within the fields of gender equality and
women's empowerment, and ask yourselves deep and challenging questions. These include:
how can we end violence against women and girls? How can we improve education for
women? And through the empowerment of women, how can food security and economic
possibility be achieved?
The task for this committee will be to discuss and resolve how these challenges can be surpassed.
MUN is extremely unique, and we hope that you take full advantage of this experience, and push
yourself to expand your mind through exploring the complexities of the international stage
presented to you here in Uppsala. You will immerse yourself around a diverse range of delegates
from all around the globe, and most importantly, have a great time.

The following guide presents you with thorough knowledge of the scenario, and the
requirements of conference. We look forward to meeting you and we wish you safe
travels and an enjoyable, life changing conference.
Sincerely,
Emila Bulbeck
Scenario Officer, CSW of UMUN 2016
Emil Hrafn Stensson
President, CSW of UMUN 2016
Barnaby Ford
Vice President, CSW of UMUN 2016

3

UMUN 2016

2. Opening Statement, Position Paper and Research
Preparation
2.1 The Position Paper
th

All delegates will be required to submit a position paper on 17 January by 23:59.
The position paper should be sent to the President in pdf format, using fontsize 11 of Times
New Roman, double-spaced. It does not need to be longer than 2 pages. Remember quality is
better than quantity. There is no need to put anything fancy such as a country logo on it, just
a simple name of the country and the name of the delegate.
The aim of the position paper is to showcase what your country would like to focus on in
the coming debates. It should raise possible ideas and call for concrete actions of which one
would like to discuss. As a general guideline, we recommend delegates to split their content
into specific paragraphs as follows (note this is only a recommendation):
Paragraph 1: Issue and Position: Use this to clearly outline the main problems associated with
the topics to be discussed in committee. Use this as a means to provide basic foundation to the
current situation with regards to the topics in your country. After describing, you may wish to
give your country’s policy regarding the issue, and state specifically why your country
supports that policy.
Paragraph 2: Background information in Greater Detail: This paragraph is an opportunity for
you to show the depth of your knowledge about the past and current situations regarding the
topics. This may include, the historical origin of the problems, how do these issues in your
country relate to the international community, previous actions taken to try and solve these
problems and whether they have or have not been successful, along with highlighting the
problems that continue to exist and the ones that still need to be addressed.
Paragraph 3: Proposing Solutions on the Issues: After identifying the problems, this is an
opportunity to list your proposed solutions that you have for as many of the issues that you
believe need to be addressed, and that are to be discussed. This may include specific
proposals regarding how to solve specific issues, how these solutions or proposals will be
implemented, along with highlighting the global impact of solving the problem or as a result
of implementing these solutions.
2.2 The Opening Statement
The opening statement will be delivered at the beginning of the first committee session. All
countries are expected to arrive prepared with a short speech lasting no longer than 1 minute,
noting that delegates will be cut-off by the President if they exceed this allotted time.

The content of the opening statement should be the same as produced for the position paper,
albeit understandably in a more condensed form due to the time requirements. In order to be
effective, we do highly recommend that speeches are well prepared. Every speech must also
have an obvious beginning, eg. ‘Mr President, honorable delegates’; this is in order to
follow with formality.

4

UMUN 2016

The opening statement is the best opportunity for one to explain their country policy and the
key sub-issues you would like the committee to focus on within the set topics. Opening
Speeches are a main way for countries to determine who they want to work with, thus again
stressing the need to come well prepared.
2.3 Research and Preparation
Delegate preparation is paramount to the success of an engaging 2016 Uppsala Model United
Nations Conference. This scenario guide intends to introduce the committee and the topics
that will be deliberated for resolution. This guide is not intended to represent exhaustive
research on every facet of the topics and we encourage and expect each delegate to fully
explore the topics and be able to identify and analyse the intricacies of the issues presented
for negotiation. Delegates must be prepared to utilise and apply their knowledge to their
allocated country’s policies. Some countries may have unique positions on the topics and
will reflect these in the simulation.
Please utilise the bibliography and the footnotes for research, as well as the suggested
source list underneath each topic. Chapter 8 provides recommended resources and databases
for creating country profiles.
The position papers should clearly outline the country’s policies on the topic areas to be
discussed, what factors contribute to these policies and should articulate the policies you
will espouse at the conference.

3. The Scenario of The Commission on the Status of Women
Since the commencement of Millennium Development Goal 3 ‘promoting gender equality
and empowering women’, there have been significant developments in promoting gender
1
equality. However, there is still substantial progress to be made in identifying goals,
achievements, gaps and challenges in relation to the implementation of key commitments to
gender equality and female empowerment. Gender disparity in education is prevalent and
only one example of how gender inequalities are still rife. Continual violence against women
and restricted economic opportunity hinders economic and human right prosperity. Making
this matter one of the greatest challenges for peace and security, human rights and a
sustainable society. Having half the world constrained has immense direct and indirect
damage on innovation capabilities and domestic households too. Therefore, The Commission
of the Status of Women serves to sharpen the focus and argument on the impact of all gender
equality processes. To ultimately continue building bridges for gender equality and female
empowerment. We need to engage and recognize and encourage men's role in gender
equality too.
The work of this committee will be to discuss how these challenges can be surpassed, how
can we through education and economic instruments empower women all over the globe
and improve human justice? How can half the world catch-up to the other half, how do we
implement equality?
3.1 Committee Background and Description
‘The Economic and Social Council’ (ECOSOC) is a main organ of the United Nations and is
1 Un.org, "United Nations Millennium Development Goals" (2016)
<http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/gender.shtml> accessed 5 January 2016.

5

UMUN 2016

the principal body for coordination, policy review and recommendations on economic and
2
social issues . A specific focus lies on the implementation of policies pertaining to
sustainable development. Due to its broad spectrum of responsibilities, a majority of the UN’s
human and financial resources are managed by ECOSOC. To deal with these tasks, they
employ a variety of specialized agencies, as well as functional and regional commissions.
ECOSOC promotes discussion on an expansive range of topics, ranging from human rights,
health issues, equality, poverty, and economic development.
Within the framework of ECOSOC, the first committee will simulate ‘the Commission on the
Status of Women’ (CSW or UNCSW) which is a functional commission of the United
Nations Economic and Social Council. It was established in June 1946 and is the principal
global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and
3
the empowerment of women . The priority theme for the upcoming 60th session in New
York on the 14-24 March 2016, is to address and link sustainable development to gender
4
empowerment . The first committee will simulate the upcoming meeting as realistically as
possible whilst alluding to elements of fiction.
5

This UMUN simulation will in particular, refer to sustainable development goals 4, 5 and 16 .
* SDG 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong
learning opportunities for all
* SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
* SDG 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable
development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable
and inclusive institutions at all levels
3.2 CSW Brief History
The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) had their first session in February 1947, New
York: shortly after the founding of the United Nations, and they meet every year for 9-10 days.
All 15 original government representatives were women. Between 1947-1962 the Commission
focused on formulating international conventions to change discriminatory legislation against
women and raise awareness of the issue on women’s rights. In contributing to the drafting of the
6
Universal Declaration of Human Rights , CSW produced an extensive country-by-country
analysis and picture of their political and legal standing. In 1953, CSW drafted the Convention on
7
the Political Rights of Women , 1962 Convention on Consent to
2 Un.org, "UN Economic And Social Council" (2016)
<http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/about/index.shtml> accessed 5 January 2016.
3 headQuarters, "Commission On The Status Of Women" (2016)
<http://www.unwomen.org/en/csw> accessed 5 January 2016.
4headQuarters, "CSW60 (2016)" (2016) <http://www.unwomen.org/en/csw/csw60-2016> accessed
5 January 2016.
5 Sustainabledevelopment.un.org, "Sustainable Development Goals .:. Sustainable
Development
Knowledge
Platform"
(2016)
<https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300> accessed 5 January 2016.
6Un.org, "The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights | United Nations" (2016)
<http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/index.html> accessed 5 January 2016.
7Treaties.un.org, "UNTC" (2016) Convention on the Political Rights of Women
<https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=XVI1&chapter=16&lang=en> accessed 5 January 2016.

6

UMUN 2016

8

Marriage and many more .
In 1963 the UN General Assembly requested the Commission to draft a Declaration on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women, which the Assembly ultimately adopted in
1967. During the 1960s the work of the CSW centred on women’s needs in community and
rural development, agricultural work, family planning, and scientific and technological
advances, as it became obvious that women were disproportionately affected by poverty.
In 1987, as part of follow-up to the Third World Conference on Women in Nairobi, the
Commission took the lead in coordinating and promoting the UN system’s work on economic
and social issues for women’s empowerment. In the same period, the Commission helped
bring violence against women to the forefront of international debates for the first time. These
efforts resulted in the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women by the
9
General Assembly on 20 December 1993 .
The Commission served as the preparatory body for the 1995 Fourth World Conference on
10
Women, which adopted the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action . After the
conference, the Commission was mandated by the General Assembly to play a central role
in monitoring implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and
advising ECOSOC accordingly. In 2011, the four parts of the UN system mentioned on this
page— DAW, INSTRAW, OSAGI and UNIFEM—merged to become UN Women, now the
Secretariat of the Commission on the Status of Women.
As you can see the topics curated for this simulation conference has combined three
strong historical themes of the Commission: ending violence against women, increasing
rural economic empowerment and education opportunity. These interdisciplinary topics
aim to address the gaps and challenges in the implementation of previous commitments.
3.3 Mandate
A functional commission ECOSOC, CSW was established by Council resolution 11(II) of 21
11
June 1946 . The mandate of the Commission on the Status of Women established the body
as “the competent intergovernmental body on matters concerning the status of women”. CSW
works to ensure and promote the objectives of equality, monitor the implementation of
measure for the advancement of women, and review and appraise progress made at the
national, sub regional, regional and global levels. The most recent change to the mandate
gave the CSW more responsibilities in relation to ECOSOC and its role and has created a

8Treaties.un.org, "UNTC" (2016) Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for
Marriage and Registration of Marriages.
<https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=XVI3&chapter=16&lang=en> accessed 5 January 2016.
9"Resolution Adopted By The General Assembly On The Declaration On The Elimination Of
Violence Against Women" (The United Nations 1994)
<http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/48/104> accessed 5 January 2016.
10Un.org, "Fourth World Conference On Women, Beijing 1995" (2016)
<http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/> accessed 5 January 2016.
11The United Nations (1946) "Resolutions Adopted By The Economic And Social Council"
<http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/pdf/CSW_founding_resolution_1946.pdf> accessed
5 January 2016.

7

UMUN 2016

12

narrower focus on the promotion of gender and women’s empowerment . Of particular
importance is the alignment f the Commission’s work with the outcome of the 1995 Fourth
World Conference on Women, the Beijing Platform for Action, and the responsibility given
to ECOSOC as the central body responsible for follow up on the Platform.

3.3.1 Functions and Powers
As noted in ECOSOC resolution 1996/6, the functions of the Commission on the Status
of Women are:
● “Assist [ECOSOC] in monitoring, reviewing and appraising progress achieved and
problems encountered in the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform
for Action at all levels, and should advise [ECOSOC] thereon;
● Continue to ensure support for mainstreaming a gender perspective in United Nations
activities and develop further its catalytic role in that regard in other areas;
● Identify issues where United Nations system-wide coordination needed to
be improved in order to assist the Council in its coordination function;
● Identify emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues affecting the situation
of women or equality between women and men that required consideration and
make substantive recommendations thereon;
● Maintain and enhance public awareness and support for the implementation of
13
the Platform for Action.”

4. Committee Topics
4.1 Introduction
The wide-ranging and dynamic topics presented for debate adhere to holistic thinking and
solutions. Simultaneously striving for an equal, harmonious and balanced environment,
integral for increasingly globalized societies. Inclusive communities and policies foster
opportunities for successful integration. Mechanisms such as education, foster equality
between genders, minorities, and children and ultimately leads to economic and human
rights prosperity. The importance of the full engagement of men and boys for the
achievement of gender equality and empowerment of women and girls is recognized. Where
empowerment and economic possibility is attained through knowledge.
4.2 Topic 1 Human Security: Ending Violence Against Women and Girls
Action on violence against women and providing quality essential services is a key
14

government priority . More needs to be done to eradicate all form of violence against girls

12 headQuarters, "Commission On The Status Of Women" (2016) <http://www.unwomen.org/en/csw>
accessed 5 January 2016.
13 Unbisnet.un.org, "Resolutions And Decisions Of The Economic And Social Council" (1996)
<http://unbisnet.un.org:8080/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=117397L78X7P3.3318&profile=bib&uri=full=31
00001~!430017~!0&ri=19&aspect=power&menu=search&source=~!horizon#focus> accessed 5 January
2016.
14 UN Women, ""Every Victim Of Violence Must Have Prompt Access To The Full Range Of Essential
Services" — Executive Director - See More At:
Http://Www.Unwomen.Org/En/News/Stories/2015/12/Ed-Speech-Istanbul#Sthash.Bvq0p3fl.Dpuf"

8


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