Vehicle Collection 22.pdf


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GROUND VEHICLES
HORSELESS CARRIAGES
Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau Präsident (AustriaHungary, 1897)
Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau was known for making
luxury horse carriages and they built their first motor
car in the same style. It looks very similar to a
cabriolet or cab phaeton, except for the simple
handlebar controls and the obvious lack of horses.

Early automobiles had a variety of strange shapes
as inventors struggled to perfect a useful design.
Some of them resembled horse-drawn vehicles and
even ones which looked very different were often
named after the more familiar carriages.
Benz Patent-Motorwagen (Germany, 18861893)
One of the first vehicles built to be driven by an
internal combustion engine was a three wheeled
contraption which looked more like a large bicycle
than a modern car. It had a single large seat, a simple
handle for steering and no fuel tank; it ran on ether
which was stored by soaking it into a basin of fibre.

Oldsmobile Curved Dash (USA, 1901-1907)
The first mass-produced automobile was a
'runabout'; a popular style for early cars with a
simple steering handle, a single bench and no
windshield.
Stanley EX Runabout (USA, 1906)
The EX had many features of a modern car, such
as a steering wheel, headlights and an engine at the
front. However it wasn't an internal combustion
engine, but a steam engine, fuelled by burning
kerosene heating a high-pressure boiler. There are no
records of any Stanley boiler actually bursting, but if
such an engine were damaged it could in theory
explode quite violently.

Morris & Salom Electrobat (USA, 18951896)
Powered by heavy lead-acid batteries, this slow
but quiet vehicle was used as a taxi in Philadelphia,
Boston and New York. The passenger sat in a large
open seat at the front covered by a small awning
while the driver stood behind on a raised platform.

DRIVING (AUTOMOBILE)
TL Vehicle

ST/HP Hnd/SR

HT

Move LWt Load SM Occ DR Range

Cost Locations

6 Electrobat

37

-1/3

10

1/8*

0.6

0.2

+2 1+1

4

25

$25K

O4W

6 Patent-Motorwagen

37

-1/3

9f

1/5*

0.6

0.2

+2 1+1

4

30

$20K

O3W

6 NW Präsident

53

-1/3

10cf 1/9*

1.5

0.3

+3 1+2

4

100

$50K

O4W

6 Curved Dash

37

-1/3

10f 1/10* 0.65

0.2

+2 1+1

4

140

$15K

O4W

6 Stanley EX

37

-1/3

11fx 1/12* 0.9

0.4

+3 1+3

4

300

$19K

O4W

ECONOMY CARS
Some of the most innovative designs of the
twentieth century came from the demand for cheap

but reliable cars. The most successful models sold in
vast numbers, transforming society by allowing

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