Vehicle Collection 22.pdf
Sachsenring Trabant 601 (East Germany,
Like the 2CV, the Trabant had a lengthy waiting
list. However, in this case it was less that demand
was high and more that there were few alternatives
available under Soviet rule. The 601 had a dirty and
inefficient two-stroke engine and many parts of it
were made of Duroplast (a plastic made from
recycled materials which was sometimes compared
unfavourably to cardboard).
designed by engineer Michel Boué in his spare time.
When his superiors saw the plans, they authorised
development immediately. Boué died of cancer just
months before the car was launched, never knowing
how successful it would be.
The low price, fuel economy and space-efficient
layout made the R5 a huge hit in Europe, but in
America (where it was sold as the Renault Le Car)
low fuel costs and a preference for larger vehicles
meant it didn't have the same appeal.
After the fall of the Berlin Wall, many Trabant
owners used their vehicles to move to West
Germany and promptly sold them at low prices or
simply abandoned them. It remains a symbol of the
soviet era and the butt of many German jokes.
However, it is popular with a small number of
enthusiasts who tune or replace the engines to
produce surprisingly fast rally cars.
The Renault 5 Turbo had a similar name and
appearance, but was a very different machine. A
bigger engine was mounted in the middle of the car,
replacing the back seat and powering the rear wheels
rather than the front as in the R5 (ST/HP 50, Move
4/62, LWt. 1.4, Load 0.3, Occ 1+1).
Kia Rio (South Korea, 2011-)
Although it is larger than most cars in it's price
range, the Rio has impressive fuel efficiency thanks
to it's clean turbo-diesel engine.
Renault 5 (France, 1972-1985)
One of the first modern hatchback 'supermini'
cars, the Renault 5 (also known as the R5) was
ST/HP Hnd/SR HT Move LWt Load SM
Ford Model T
Volkswagen Type 1
Morris Minor 1000
CITY CARS AND
Austin Seven (UK, 1922-1939)
Herbert Austin had traditionally built large cars
but the market for them was drying up, especially
since Britain had introduced new taxes based on a
vehicle's horsepower. With his company in
receivership, he shocked his board of directors by
In built-up areas there is often great demand for
small vehicles suitable for short journeys. These cars
are usually agile enough to manoeuvre through
heavy traffic and fit into cramped parking spaces.