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2/10/2016

Labour Market Information

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Labour Market Information
Software engineers and designers (2173)
Software Engineers and Designers research, design, evaluate, integrate and maintain
software applications, technical environments, operating systems, embedded software,
information warehouses and telecommunications software. They are employed in
information technology consulting firms, information technology research and development
firms, and information technology units throughout the private and public sectors, or they
may be self-employed.

Employment Prospect rating
Current (2013-2017): Average
Previous (2009-2013): Above Average
What do the employment prospects ratings mean?
Ontario Job Futures rates employment prospects as either “Above Average”,
“Average” or “Below Average”. These ratings focus on the recent labour market
conditions and projections of demand for new workers, but do not consider the
existing or potential supply of workers (such as new graduates and immigrants). The
employment prospect ratings are developed for Ontario as a whole, and may not
reflect the labour market outlook in every region of the province.
“Above Average" labour market conditions usually mean that, relative to the
employment situation overall, there is a better likelihood of finding stable work
in this occupation, and employment prospects are attractive or improving.
"Average" labour market conditions indicate that jobs are expected to be more
difficult to find; the probability of unemployment is higher; and wages and
salaries have recently increased at a slower pace than those occupations rated
as "Above Average." On the other hand, jobs are easier to find; unemployment
is less likely; and wages and salaries have recently increased at a faster pace
than in those occupations rated "Below Average".
"Below Average" labour market conditions mean that it is more difficult to find
stable work or employment prospects are not attractive or are deteriorating
relative to those in other industries or occupations. For new entrants, such as
people leaving school and immigrants, “Below Average” labour market
conditions mean a relatively low probability of finding stable work in this
occupation and lower potential for rising pay.
https://www.app.tcu.gov.on.ca/eng/labourmarket/ojf/profile.asp?NOC_CD=2173

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What are the employment requirements for this occupation?
A bachelor's degree, usually in computer science, computer systems
engineering, softwareengineering or mathematics or completion of a college
program in computer science is usuallyrequired.
A master's or doctoral degree in a related discipline may be required.
Licensing by a provincial or territorial association of Professional Engineers is
required to approveengineering drawings and reports and to practise as a
Professional Engineer (P.Eng.).
Engineers are eligible for registration following graduation from an accredited
educational program,three or four years of supervised work experience in
engineering and passing a professional practiceexamination.
Three-year diploma in technology from a College of Applied Arts and
Technology; or a bachelor’s degree in a relevant science area; or academic
qualifications deemed by the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers to be
equivalent to a diploma or degree is required
In Ontario, to practise professional engineering and to use the title 'Professional
Engineer', a licensefrom Professional Engineers Ontario is required. Those who
do not meet the requirements forlicensing, can work in engineering if a
Professional Engineer supervises this individual’s work andtakes responsibility
for it.
Hide

How quickly has employment grown for this occupation compared with others?
Figure 1 compares the trend in employment growth between 2001 and 2011.
Employment levels in 2011:
Software engineers and designers: 22,000
Professional Occupations in Natural and Applied Sciences:
336,000
All Occupations: 6,731,000
50

Percentage change from 2001

25

2011

2010

2009

2006

2005

2004

All Occupations: 0%

2003

2002

2001

-25
Software engineers and designers: 0%
-50
Professional Occupations in Natural and Applied Sciences: 0%

2008

0

2007

2001

Source: Statistics Canada
Notes: The data are based on the Labour Force Survey and consequently are subject
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Labour Market Information

to sampling variability, which may overstate the actual changes in employment level.
As a result, estimates should be interpreted with caution.
Hide

How are job openings for this occupation expected to compare with those in other
occupations from 2013 to 2017?
Figure 2 shows the two components of projected job openings (new jobs and
attrition).
Share new jobs (2013-17)
Share attrition (2013-17)
80
60
40

66%

62%
51%

49%

38%

34%

20
0
Software engineers and
designers

Professional Occupations in
Natural and Applied Sciences

All Occupations

Source: Canadian Occupational Projection System
Note: Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.
Hide

How do wages for this occupation compare with others?
Figure 3: Average Annual Employment Income, Employed Full-Time Full-Year in
2010, Ontario
Software engineers and designers
All Occupations
$100,000
$92,713
$75,000
$61,495

$50,000
$25,000
$0
Software engineers and designers

All Occupations

Source: Statistics Canada
https://www.app.tcu.gov.on.ca/eng/labourmarket/ojf/profile.asp?NOC_CD=2173

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Hide

What is the general make-up of the workforce for this occupation?
Table 1: General Employment Characteristics
General Employment Characteristics

(%)

Male

81

Female

19

Full-Time

78

Part-Time

22

Self Employed

7

Employees

93

Unemployment Rate

2.0

Source: Statistics Canada
Note: Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.
Hide

What industries employ this occupation?
Table 2: Main Industries of Employment
Main Industries of Employment

(%)

Professional, scientific and technical services

48

Information and cultural industries

12

Manufacturing

11

Wholesale trade

11

Finance and insurance

7

All Other Industries

10

Source: Statistics Canada
Note: Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.
Hide

In what areas of Ontario is this occupation found?
Table 3: Distribution of workers by Economic Region
Employment by Economic Region
Ottawa

(%) This (%) All
Occupation Occupations
26

10

Kingston - Pembroke

1

3

Muskoka - Kawarthas

0

3

56

46

9

10

Toronto
Kitchener - Waterloo - Barrie
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Hamilton - Niagara Peninsula

4

10

London

2

5

Windsor - Sarnia

1

4

Stratford - Bruce Peninsula

0

2

Northeast

0

4

Northwest

0

2

Source: Statistics Canada
Note: Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.
Hide

What licensing bodies or associations are important for this occupation?
Canadian Information Processing Society
Engineers Canada
Information and Communications Technology Council
Information Technology Association of Canada (ITAC)
Institute for Certification of Computing Professionals
International Association for Management of Technology
Professional Engineers Ontario
TASSQ (Toronto Association of Systems and Software Quality)
The Information Systems Audit and Control Association, Toronto Chapter
Hide

How current is the information provided here?
Ontario Job Futures uses a variety of information sources. Most charts and
tables use data from the 2011 National Household Survey, and these are
updated every 5 years. "How quickly has employment grown..." also uses data
from the Labour Force Survey, which are updated every year. However, we use
2011 to be consistent with the National Household Survey data. The
Employment Prospect ratings are based on occupational projections developed
every two years, and these are also the source for the chart "How are job
openings for this occupation expected to compare...". Information on licensing
bodies and associations is updated as needed to add or remove groups, and
update links.
Hide

Read about the main duties, common titles and other information for this occupation
at the National Occupational Classification website

Site Help
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