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Facts About Paper and Card board SUEZ Environnement .pdf


Original filename: Facts About Paper and Card board - SUEZ Environnement.pdf
Title: Layout 1
Author: Glen Norman

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THE
FACTS
ABOUT

PAPER &
CARDBOARD
AUSTRALIAN HOUSEHOLDS AND BUSINESSES USE MILLIONS OF TONNES OF
PAPER EVERY YEAR. OVER 5.5 MILLION TONNES OF PAPER AND CARDBOARD
WAS USED FROM 2006-2007, WITH 2.5 MILLION TONNES OF THIS RECYCLED.
WHILE RESIDENTIAL WASTE DESTINED FOR LANDFILL FROM 2006-2007
CONTAINED 26% PAPER AND CARDBOARD, COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL
WASTE CONTAINED 55%.

Making paper from recycled
materials uses 99% less
water and 50% less energy
than if produced from raw
materials.

It takes 2.5
tonnes of
radiate pine
to make just
one tonne of
newsprint.

Paper breaks down slowly
in landfill due to a lack of
oxygen. As a result
methane is released in
large amounts, having a
greater greenhouse gas
impact than carbon
dioxide.

By recycling one kilogram
of paper and cardboard,
you reduce the production
of greenhouse gases by
one kilogram.
Recycling
1 tonne of
newspaper
saves 3 cubic
metres of
landfill space.

One tree makes
approximately six
reams or 3077
pieces of A4
paper.

The production
of 26 sheets of
paper produces
the same amount
of greenhouse
gas as driving a
car 1km.

THE
FACTS
ABOUT

PAPER &
CARDBOARD

WHAT HAPPENS
TO PAPER?
COLLECTION
Paper is collected from homes,
businesses and recycling sites
and sent to a Materials
Recycling Facility (MRF).

NEW PAPER

SORTING & BALING

The paper is rolled into one
giant roll (as wide as 30 feet and
up to 20 tonnes in weight) and
then cut into smaller rolls.

The paper is sorted and graded
depending on its type. It is then
compressed into a bale shape.

DRYING

PULPING &
SCREENING

The pulp is poured onto a wire
screen to drain and form a
sheet. This is then passed under
heavy rollers (to squeeze out
more water), heated rollers (to
dry) and iron rollers (to
straighten the paper).

The paper is mixed with water
in a large vat, making a mushy
mixture called pulp. The pulp is
then screened to remove any
plastic or glue.

DE-INKING
Air is passed through the pulp
to produce foam which
removes at least half the ink.
Chemicals can also be used to
separate the ink from the paper
which is then washed away.
Sources: Department of
Sustainability, Environment, Water,
Population and Communities, Clean
Up, Planet Ark, National Waste
Report – EPHC, Zero Waste and
Waste Paper Recycling.

January 2012


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