Chapter 1: Intro
A pre-recorded message was sent on the medium wave band: “This is Radio Caroline, on
191, your 24 hour music station. Please stand by...” It was a sunny 28th March, 1964. The
time struck 12:00 when Radio Caroline’s first song, Not Fade Away by the Rolling Stones
was played. Chris Moore and Simon Dee were aboard the infamous ‘MV Caroline’ an old
Danish ship, whom sailing across the south-east of the Essex Coast. They had begun a big
step in history, which, still today is very popular amongst Holland, Greece, England and
North America. Pirate Radio. Many think it is very hard to start a station, but the life of
Radio Caroline shows how fun and popular Pirate Radio is.
Chapter 2: Before Caroline
Radio is over one hundred years old. By the early twenties, technology progressed from
simple Morse code to being able to transmit speech and music internationally, with a
signal accessible to anyone possessing a home or commercially made radio set.
The UK government concluded that this was such a powerful means of mass
communication that it would have to be in state control. In 1927 The British Broadcasting
Corporation was formed. This organisation can best be described as an extension of the
British Civil Service. Raising revenue by charging a licence fee to every home possessing
a radio, the Corporation was given the duty to provide programmes of news, speeches,
lectures, educational matter, weather reports, concerts and theatrical entertainment. This
format was a government edict, not a matter of audience research The UK population had
to pay but had no say over what they got for their money.
By 1930 there were five million radio sets in Britain, all unavoidably tuned to the BBC,
but demand existed for more light hearted and popular styles of programming. To exploit
this, a private company, the International Broadcasting Company (IBC) was set up. It
hired air time from overseas stations and transmitted popular programmes aimed at the
UK market. What is interesting is that while these programmes were perfectly legal, and
while no doubt BBC transmissions were covering the continent just as readily as the
continental stations were reaching the UK, the attitude of the BBC and the government
was implacably hostile.
Increasingly the British population tuned to Radio Lyon or Normandy, Radio Athlone,
Mediterranee and of course Radio Luxembourg. The government put pressure on British
newspapers not to print programme schedules of the overseas stations and persuaded