CarePlan31.pdf


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Medication Allergies: ________________________________________________
Medications
Generic & Trade Name
Drug classification
(Therapeutic & Pharmacologic)

Dose/Route
Frequency
Rate of
Administration(if

Action of Drug
Rationale
(specific to Pt)

Significant
Side Effects

needed)

(what to assess, when to
hold, what to teach, etc.)

Docusate/Colace
Laxative/Stool softener

100mg cap PO
bid

Relieve constipation

Throat irritation,
cramps, rashes

Sennosides
Laxatives/stim. laxatives

8.6mg tab PO bid

Relieve constipation

Cramping and
diarrhea

Warfarin/Coumadin
Anticoagulants/coumarins
Diphenhydramine
Allergy/cold
Ondansetron/Zofran
Antemetics/5-HT3 antag.

5mg tab PO qhs

Blood thinner, decrease
chance of clotting
Relieve itching

Cramps, nausea,
bleeding
Drowsiness,
dizziness
Headache,
constipation,
diarrhea
Respiratory
depression,
dizziness,
sedation, n/v
Colitis, dizziness,
n/v

25 mg cap PO
qhs prn
4mg/2mL IV q4h
prn

Prevents nausea

Morphine
Analgesic/agonist

2mg/.25mL6mg/.75mL
IV q2h prm

Pain killer
Alters response to pain

Clindamycin
Anti-infectives

900mg/6mL
50mL over 30min
IV q8h
18mL/hr
900units/hr IV

Kill bacteria, bactericidal
Prevent clotting

Bleeding, anemia

20mEq/1000ml
100mL/hr
IV

Dietary
supplement/electrolyte
balance

Hyperkalemia,
weakness, n/v, GI
ulceration

Heparin
Anticoagulants/antithrombotics
KCl
Mineral & electrolye supplement

Nursing
Considerations related
to patient care and
teaching

Abdominal distention,
color & consistency of
stool
Abdominal distention,
color & consistency of
stool
Assess for signs of
bleeding
Assess for itching
Abdominal distention,
nausea, vomiting
LOC, BP, pulse,
respirations, if
respiratory rate >10
assess sedation
Monitor bowel, assess
for infection
Assess for signs of
bleeding, antidote
protamine
Avoid sodium, pulse,
BP, ECG