Making Window Installation Easy .pdf
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Making Window Installation Easy
When considering new or replacement window installation, it is important to factor in style, orientation,
design, and material. There are many different types of windows and each offer a variety of features.
Double-hung are classic frames that allow superior ventilation control. Casement frames are operated
by cranks that swing the sash on vertical mounted hinges. Horizontal sliders are true to their name and
awning frames are similar to casement on a horizontal axis. Jalousie or louvers have multiple horizontal
slats that open or close in unison. Hoppers are similar to awning with hinges on the bottom and
European tilt-turn frames offer 180 degrees of turning for easy cleaning. Architectural design accents
may utilize round top, bow window, seamless bent glass, bay windows, or glass blocks to enhance light
in a room.
There are a variety of situations in which a homeowner will require window installation. Whether you
are upgrading to panels that are more environmentally friendly and energy efficient or replacing a
broken pane, a few general guidelines should be followed. Pre hung windows are a great option for
replacing a window on your own with little or no professional assistance.
Most pre hung windows will be blocked and braced to protect them from damage during transit and will
come with a specific set of instructions. Bracing should be left in place until the window is properly
fastened in the opening. Do not install interior trim or caulk the exterior before checking to makes sure
the sash operates freely. Many homeowners would prefer to contract a professional with experience in
window installation instead of tackling the job on their own. Check with local companies in your area to
find an individual or organization you can trust.
General steps involved in window installation include creating the exterior opening, mounting, and
trimming. Window installation is best accomplished from the exterior of the building. This way you can
maneuver the window and tighten all fastenings without fear of falling out of the building. Ensure your
scaffolding or support is sturdy and safe. If possible, anchor yourself to prevent falling.
Outline the window placement on the inside with properly measured markings and drill or nail holes
through the corners. Ensure the nails or screws are visible from the outside and use a level to connect
the markings with straight lines. Depending on the exterior material, choose an appropriate saw or
blade and wear protective eyewear. Remove the drywall on the inside and assemble all flanges for
mounting and flashing.
Mounting for window installation involves preparing the opening with moisture seal and installing shims
to ensure the window lies flush with jambs. The best moisture seals are at least 8 inches wide and slide
behind sidings or fold over the rough framing. Shim size and nails should be chosen according to the
Trimming is the last step in window installation. Different types of windows utilize different types of
finishes. Follow the guidelines provided with your casement, awning, hopper, single- or double-hung
windows to obtain the most professional looking finish.
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