Boyer Michelle SWPCA .pdf
Original filename: Boyer_Michelle_SWPCA.pdf
Author: Michelle Nicole Boyer
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Representations of Higher
Michelle Nicole Boyer
American Indian Studies, MA
University of Arizona
What are AI authors writing?
How can AI novels shape
What Is AIL?
! American Indian Literature
! “Literature about Indians, by Indians” (Velie & Kidwell)
! A body of meaning taken from a specific context
Pre-Contact AI Education
! Based on life-stage learning modules
! Fulfillment of prior lessons needed before advancement,
but no set timeline to learn each lesson
! Knowledge is its own living, breathing entity
! Community values were in the “curriculum”
! Community valued above individualism
! Forced upon Native peoples
! Negative perceptions from negative events
! Families separated; children forcibly taken
! Horrible treatment, including death
! Language and cultural loss
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