Temple Article 4 .pdf
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TAMIL NADU KUMBAKONAM TEMPLES
Kumbakonam is a famous temple town, located in the Thanjavur District in the
Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Kumbakonam is called temple town because of the
large number of Tamilnadu Kumbakonam Temples with in the town and the
surrounding areas. The Kumbakonam town is known for its intricately carved
panchaloha idols, fine brasswares especially lamps, silk and betel leaves.
Kumbakonam is located 273 km south of Chennai, 96 km east of
Tiruchirappalli and about 40 km northeast of Thanjavur. The Cauveri River on
the north and Arasalar River on the south bind the temple town of umbakonam.
As noted above, Kumbakonam is known for its temples and so much different
from Temples in Chennai. Some of the famous temples of Kumbakonam are the
Sarangpani temple (a Vaishnavite temple), Chakrapani temple, Kumbeswara
temple, Nageswaran and the Airavatesvara temple.
The main residing deity at the Chakrapani Temple is Chakraraja. The
Chakrapani temple is also a superb exponent of the early temple architecture.
The most peculiar point about the Chakrapani temple is that Vilvaarchana,
which is normally performed in Shiva temples, is also performed here for Lord
Kumbeswara is an important Saivite temple situated in the central part of the
Kumbakonam town. Shri AdhiKumbeswara is the presiding God with
ManthrapeeteswariMangalambika as his Consort. The Kumbeswara temple
complex is quite enormous and beautiful. The Mahamaham festival, which
takes place once every 12 years during the Tamil Month of Masi (FebruaryMarch), is the main festival. The Mahamaham festival attracts lakhs of pilgrims
from different parts of India.
Nageswaran Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Aditya Chola constructed the
Nageswaran temple during the12th century. The Nageswaran is a great example
of the Chola architecture and astronomy. The Sanctum Sanctorum of the
Nageswaran temple is similar to that of Sarangapani temple.
Sarangpani is a famous vaishnav temple. It is also known for its tall gopuram
(tower). The Chariot festival, which takes place every year, is one of the biggest
Someswar Temple is located in the southern portion of Sri Sarangapani temple.
The architectural style of Someswar temple resembles the Dravidian style of
TheAiravatesvara temple is situated at Dharasuram, 4 km west of the
Kumbakonam town. The Airavatesvara (Airavat means white elephant) temple
was constructed by RajarajaChola and is a superb example of the Chola
architecture. Stories from epics and Hindu mythology are depicted all over the
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