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Cambridge International Examinations
Cambridge Ordinary Level

* 8 4 6 1 1 5 3 2 9 5 *

2059/02

PAKISTAN STUDIES
Paper 2 The Environment of Pakistan

October/November 2014
1 hour 30 minutes

Candidates answer on the Question Paper.
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces provided.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
Do not use staples, paper clips, glue or correction fluid.
DO NOT WRITE IN ANY BARCODES.
Answer any three questions.
The Insert contains Photograph A for Question 1.
The Insert is not required by the Examiner.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

This document consists of 18 printed pages, 2 blank pages and 1 insert.
DC (SJF/CGW) 90328/3
© UCLES 2014

[Turn over

2
1

(a) Study Fig. 1 which shows a map of Pakistan.

N

H
E

J

F

G

Key:
international boundary
disputed territory
river
coast
dam
0

Arabian Sea

250
km

Fig. 1
Name:
(i)

The rivers
E ........................................................
F ........................................................
G ........................................................

(ii)

[3]

One of the dams
H ........................................................
or
J ........................................................

© UCLES 2014

2059/02/O/N/14

[1]

3
(b) What is meant by
A

a link canal ........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................

B

a perennial canal ...............................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................

C

an inundation canal? .........................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................[3]

(c) Explain the importance of the Indus Water Treaty to Pakistan.
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................[4]

© UCLES 2014

2059/02/O/N/14

[Turn over

4
(d) Study Photograph A.
(i)

Name the type of forest shown.
.........................................................................

(ii)

[1]

Suggest three reasons why these forests are being cut down.
1 ........................................................................................................................................
2 ........................................................................................................................................
3 ....................................................................................................................................[3]

(iii)

Explain the effects of this deforestation.
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................[4]

© UCLES 2014

2059/02/O/N/14

5
(e) To what extent is it possible to save and even increase the area of forests in Pakistan?
Explain your answer.
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................[6]
[Total: 25]

© UCLES 2014

2059/02/O/N/14

[Turn over

6
2

(a) Explain what is meant by each of the following terms, and choose one example of each from
the given list.
A

raw material .......................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
example ................................................................

B

waste material ...................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
example ................................................................

C

value added material .........................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
example ................................................................

COAL

COKE

STEEL

SLAG

LIMESTONE

CO2
[6]

© UCLES 2014

2059/02/O/N/14

7
(b) Study Fig. 2, a map of the site of the Pakistan Steel Mills.

Site for
Township

MAIN

N

ROAD

MAIN LINE KARACHI - KOTRI

m

at

er

ia

ls

Slag

R

aw

STEEL
MILL
Y
BERTH

S

Widened
channel

X

0

KEY
Mangrove Swamp
Road
Railways
Conveyor belt system

1

2

3

4 km

Fig. 2
(i)

Name the creek X and the port Y.
X .........................................................................
Y .........................................................................

(ii)

Name the sea to the south where ships can travel to the steel mills.
.........................................................................

© UCLES 2014

[2]

2059/02/O/N/14

[1]

[Turn over

8
(iii)

Using Fig. 2 and your own knowledge, state three factors that make this site suitable
for the development of the Pakistan Steel Mills. Explain one advantage that each factor
gives to this industry.
Factor 1 .........................................................................
Advantage .........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
Factor 2 .........................................................................
Advantage .........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
Factor 3 .........................................................................
Advantage .........................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................[6]

(c) Explain why the Pakistan Steel Mills is an industry in the ‘formal sector’.
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................[4]

© UCLES 2014

2059/02/O/N/14

9
(d) To what extent can work in the informal sector improve the lives of those living in urban
areas?
Explain your answer.
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................................[6]
[Total: 25]

© UCLES 2014

2059/02/O/N/14

[Turn over


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