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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS
GCE Ordinary Level

MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2008 question paper

5014 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
5014/02

Paper 2, maximum raw mark 60

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of
the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not
indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners’ meeting before marking began.
All Examiners are instructed that alternative correct answers and unexpected approaches in
candidates’ scripts must be given marks that fairly reflect the relevant knowledge and skills
demonstrated.
Mark schemes must be read in conjunction with the question papers and the report on the
examination.



CIE will not enter into discussions or correspondence in connection with these mark schemes.

CIE is publishing the mark schemes for the October/November 2008 question papers for most IGCSE,
GCE Advanced Level and Advanced Subsidiary Level syllabuses and some Ordinary Level
syllabuses.

Page 2

Mark Scheme
GCE O LEVEL – October/November 2008

Syllabus
5014

Paper
02

INDIA
1

(a) (i)

1050; 350;

[2]

(ii)

lower labour costs; less regulation; AVP;

[1]

(iii)

metals recycled; less mining needed/eq; less energy used to produce metals;

[2]

(iv)

dangerous work/no safety procedures; fall of ship; e.g. of accident;

[2]

(b) (i)

site 2;

[1]

(ii)

site 1;

[1]

(iii)

highest reading on site 3 but this is not most polluted/eq;

[1]

(iv)

organotin,

[2]

(v)

tired; loss of weight; cancers; poor coordination/any nervous disorder;

[2]

orientation; scales; plots with key;;

[4]

both have peak nearest ships/ both drop away further from ships; slower decline
towards G/eq;

[1]

organotin, it is more soluble in water;

[1]

(c) (i)
(ii)
(iii)
(d) (i)

2

PAH’s;;

poisons/toxins pass through food
biomagnification; high concs are lethal;

chains;

ref

bioaccumulation/
[2]

(ii)

short term profit/eq;

(iii)

build dry docks; more samples taken; fine heavy polluters;

(a) (i)

to

[1]

move to slum – all they can afford; find work there;

AVP;

[2]

AVP;

[2]

(ii) lots of industry inside slum; lots of low paid jobs in city;
(iii)
(iv)

(b) (i)

[1]

yellow fever/dengue fever/malaria spread by mosquito;
cholera/typhoid spread by water;

[2]

sewage floods slum spreading bacteria into houses; drinking
contaminated; bacteria can multiply in warm wet conditions; AVP;

water
[2]

people will demand compensation; city does not have alternative land; city
would have to provide permanent buildings;

[2]

(ii)

lack of trust; interfere with way of life; might have to pay taxes;

[2]

(iii)

stay – only earn enough for basic needs; too expensive to live out/wages too
low to live out;
AVP;
© UCLES 2008

AVP;

[2]

Page 3
3

(a) (i)

Syllabus
5014

Paper
02

only one sample point; not enough time; only counting/not weighing; would give
different answer each time;

[1]

(ii)

longer time; more sample points weighing;

[2]

(iii)

all plastic and cardboard weighed/eq;

[1]

(b)

AVP:

150 + 375 = 525;;

(c) (i)
(ii)
(iii)

(ii)

(iii)

[2]

no more land fill sites/existing ones full; burning releases toxic fumes; causes
breathing problems; AVP;

[2]

bacterial/microbial decomposition/respiration; to minerals water and carbon
dioxide; role of worms; ref to root absorption;

[2]

Advantages – not transport cost in time/fuel; less in landfill/to burn; AVP;
Disadvantages – liable to flood during monsoon; could cause illness; attract
stray animals;
AVP;
[max 3]

(d) (i)

(e)

Mark Scheme
GCE O LEVEL – October/November 2008

four X two in shade; two in open;

[2]

check thermometer read the same; take readings at the same time;
thermometers same distance from ground/comment on position; no
thermometer in direct sunshine;
AVP;

[2]

table drawn; enough spaces; headings for columns/rows;

[3]

trees have cooling effect; sustainable; no cost of equipment; cost of electricity;
pollution saving; carbon neutral;

© UCLES 2008

[2]


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