Further Remarks on Vicus Helena and Litus Saxonicum (PDF)

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Vicus Helena and Litus Saxonicum
Further Remarks
On Vicus Helena: addition to the article "To be done with Vicus Helena" by
CAPRON, Eric at www.pdf-archives.com
In this paper, we mentioned two lieu-dit located in the commune of Abancourt: the
Voie Basse and the Voie Haute. However, we notice their surprising positions: the Voie
Basse (or "Lower Road") goes over the hill of Abancourt, while the Voie Haute (or
"Higher Road") passes through a marsh between Abancourt and Hem-Lenglet, at the
foot of the same hill.
We may explain this seeming contradiction by examining the relative height of this
position, rather than local geography. The Voie Haute connected two places through
the marsh. Therefore, it was built on stilts. The confrontation must have happened
Today's road bears little likeness with its fifth century counterpart, because the river
Sensée has been through many changes since. First, it lost a part of its upstream flow,
which was diverted towards the Scarpe when the threshold of Vitry was dug (Dietrich
LOHRMANN, Entre Arras et Douai: les moulins de la Scarpe au XIème siècle et
les détournements de la Satis). Then, it was canalized. An archaeological research
for stakes preserved in the marsh's soil could make their dating possible.
On Litus Saxonicum: an addition to "Remarques historiques, étymologiques et
toponymiques sur la partie orientale du Litus Saxonicum de Gaule et sur Quentovic"
by CAPRON, Eric at http://cat.inist.fr/
After more research, we propose a probable etymology for the word Locus
Quartensis: a lieu-dit from the commune of Saint-Josse named Les Couartes. A
couarte is a historical unity of measurement, equal to a container presenting a
capacity of 16 litres. This type of container was used during the roman period, to
collect the sap from maritime pines (pinus pinaster) which would caulk ships.

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