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A. D. 1862,

1Oth,

3Gzorr.

Breech-loading

N 637.

Fire-arms.

(This Invention receival Provisional Protection only. )
PROVISIONAL SPECIFICATION left by Mare Antoine Francis Mennons
'
at the 0%ce of the Commissioners of Patents, with his Petition, on the
(of
from Salloum Dah'dah
10th March 1869. A co'mmunication
'
France.
de
la
Seine),
Lebanon, in Syria), residing at St. Maur (Dept.



Maze AN10INN FzaNrors ltfzNNONs, of the British and Foreign Patent
0$ces, 89, Rue de l'Echiquieri Paris, in the Empire of France, do hereby
declare the nature .of the said Invention for "Czzvarz Imrzovzstszvs rz
"
Bzzzcz-toaurza Frzz-earns, (a communication, ) to be as follows:—

6, I,

The Invention communicated to me consists in an improved combination
10 of, charging and discharging mechanism for breech-loading fire-arms, tho
object of which is to permit of enlarging the calibre and multiplying tho
repetitions without undue increase of volume and weight while reducing
.
the escapes and risk of, accidental explosion inherent to revolyers and similar

15

arms as at present constructed.
Figure, 1 of., the, annexed Drawing represents the principal details
improved mechanism opened for, the reception of the charge; Figure 9
sents the position of the same at the moment of the discharge; Figure
Figure 4 is a cross section
plan of the same through the line a,

a;

of the
repre-

'

8 is a

of the
parts are indi-

In all these Figures the corresponding
cartridge magazine.
20 cated by the, same letters of reference.
A is the action chamber of the arm screwing into a barrel of ordinary construction, and forming part of the metallic setting B, B, B, to which is
adjusted the stock C. D is a port opening cut through the side of the.

.
.

—N' 637.

A.D. 1862.
2Vennons'

Zmprouements

in

Wreecft-loading

Provisional
Sneciflcation.

Fire-arms.

barrel setting behind the chamber A, to the size and form of the cartridge
employed; E, E', are two oblong apertures cut through the centre of the
barrel setting above and below, and corresponding with the stop bsr F, which
forms part of the cock G; H, H, is a piston through which is pierced a
similar aperture I, I, a1so corresponding with the stop bar F. In the fore 5
extremity of this piston is pierced a curved passage
communicating
when
the mechanism is closed with the cap pillar K, and terminated by a tubular
cartridge piercer
M is a metallic bridle articulated by one end to the
head of tbe cock G and by the other to the horizontal connecting rod N, the
free extremity of which is in its turn articulated to the back of the piston H. 10
Between the points 0 and P a longitudinal groove is cut through the stock
and mountings to serve as slide way for the connecting rod in its to-and-fro
motion.
Q is the cartridge magazine, seen apart in the cross section, Figure 4.
This magazine, constructed on the same principle as the well known percussion
cap primer, is composed of a metallic cylinder R, R, partitioned internally' to 15
form a spiral canal, and Gtted with a steel spring coiled in a barrel S, on which
is mounted an extending lever T. The cylinder is closed by the discs V, W,
one of which is moveable at will for the introduction or withdrawal of the
cartridges X. The latter are ranged side by side in. the spiral canal, the
mouth of which corresponds with the port D of the barrel setting when 80
the magazine is secured in position by the clasp U, as seen in Figures I, 9, 8.
Y, Z, indicate the position of the lockwork, which, if so desired, may be constructed to raise the hammer by the trigger pull, as in ordinary repeating
arms.
The caps may be supplied to the pillar K either by the hand or by a 85
primer of any convenient description mounted on the barrel setting.
On
cocking the arm constructed as above the piston H is drawn back by the,
bridle M and connecting rod N to the position shewn in Figure 1, leaving
the apertures D, E, and E' completely open. At this moment the cartridge X'
nearest the mouth of the magazine canal is forced by the action of the coiled 80
spring on the lever T to pass through the port D into the barrel setting, its
place being at once occupied by the second cartridge X' of the same range.
On pulling the trigger, the cock G in its down stroke carries forward the
piston, which in its turn forces the cartridge into the action chamber A. At
this point the apertures I, E, and E' of the piston and settings correspond 85
exactly with each other, and are traversed together by the stop bar F, by
which the piston is keyed lirmly into the position shewn in Figure 8, thus
forming the breech piece of the arm.
Simultaneously with the completion of
the transit of the stop bar the face of the cock strikes the cap on the pillar K,

J

I.

—N'. 637.

Pcovieiooel

A. D. 1862.

Spectacotioo.

1llennons'

Improvements

in Ifreeeh-loading

Stre-arms.

and ignites the charge nf the cartridgo already pierced by' the tubular point L
during its passage from the entry port to the action chamber.
On re-cocking
the arm, the second cartriilge (Xs) of the magazine passing through the port

under the continued tension of 'the coiled spring takes up the first position of
5 the one just discharged, and the further series of movements, above described,
is repeated until the supply of ammunition is exhausted.

If

so desired, the cartridge magazine, above described, may be replaced by
other analogous arrangements,
such, for instance, as a conical recipient
adjusted to and rising vertically or obliquely from the side port through which
10 the cartridges fall by their own weight after each shot. Or, again, by a partitioned cylinder revolving on an arbor below the barrel. setting, and so
arranged as to present the cartridges successively to the piston through a
cavity formed underneath in front of the trigger guard.
The general construction of the arm may also be varied according to the calibre, weight, and
15 number of shots required.

LONDON:
Printed by Gzonaz Euwsnn Evaz and WrLtLsM Sporrrswoonz,
Printers to the Queen's most Excellent Majesty. 1862.

A. D.1862. iKVB10.iV. 657.
MKXEOÃS 1'FOVZSZONXL SrXCu:.tC.ai ION;

(f SBEE.I)

F

I

C.

2

L

.

E
0'

iY
ni.;1

B

TP'

'F

I

G. 3

1Z~.

Z
I
10

Tlm

c~

F
Zdt witkPmvuiattal.

~kt6on,

u' poT

I

C

. 4

@ coZoretj

Drawn on Stane 1st Malby+

f. nanna: PrintedbyGeoars Enaaaa ftnts and Wttrtsst Srornssrooaa,
Printers to the 5teea's most I!radiant Fnajestj. 1862

Sans.


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