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Alcohol and Stress A Perpetual Association .pdf

Original filename: Alcohol and Stress - A Perpetual Association.pdf
Author: Parmod Saini

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Alcohol and Stress - A Perpetual Association
Stress and alcoholism are irrevocably linked and the prevalence of one triggers the onset of the other. It
is imperative for people to understand the deeper link between the two so that both stress and alcoholism
can be avoided.
People often take to alcohol as a coping mechanism for stress, without realizing that alcoholism also
induces stress. Servicemen, women, and civilians alike, resort to alcohol for a quick reprieve from life’s
miseries. Though alcohol provides instant relaxation and positive feelings, but in the long-run, it can work
against drinkers in ways far from calming their nerves.

Drinking continuously can cause a host of medical and psychological problems and further increase the
risk for alcohol dependence. Hence, it is important to understand the relationship between alcohol and
stress, the various stressors in life, and how the body responds to stressful situations so that it becomes
easier to avoid any such conundrum in life.
Common stressful situations
Most causes of stress can
be grouped into four
categories: general life
stress, catastrophic events,
stress, as per a report by
the National Institute on
Alcoholism (NIAAA).
The presence of any of
these stressors can create a
turmoil in one’s life and
push a person to seek
solace in alcohol. However,
these situations vary and
depend on an array of other
individual’s mental health status.
Responding to stressful situations
An individual’s ability to cope with stress has a lot to do with him or her turning alcoholic. “The ability to
cope with stress (known as resilience) reflects how well someone is able to adapt to the psychological and
physiological responses involved in the stress response,” says an NIAAA report.
The method of handling stress can depend on one’s personality, heredity and lifestyle. But optimistic
people remain positive and use various constructive methods to solve the problem. Those who are
resilient have qualities that are in sharp contrast to those possessed by people who have an inclination

for substance abuse. People with a substance abuse problem are likely to have traits like impulsivity,
novelty seeking, negative emotionality and anxiety.
It has been found that it is more difficult for a person with a history of alcoholism in the family to deal
with stress factors which can lead to alcohol abuse. The risk increases in certain conditions, such as a
pregnant woman consuming alcohol, a person who has suffered childhood neglect or abuse, and a person
suffering from other mental health problems like depression, as such people find it difficult to deal with
stress and tend to get inclined toward alcoholism.
A number of studies have found that people who had stress were more prone to drinking alcohol than
others. And men, in particular, are more prone to drinking than women in stressful situations.
Available treatment options
A treatment program has to be specifically designed to address alcoholism which is induced by stress. It
has been observed that even after a person stops drinking, the impact of stress persists. Relapse is a grave
problem during recovery and the withdrawal symptoms during this time can cause alcohol craving,
anxiety, and difficulty in sleeping. Hence, interventions should be designed in such a way that both stress
and alcohol dependence are targeted simultaneously.
If a loved one is grappling with alcoholism and you are looking for the alcohol addiction treatment in
Arizona, call the Arizona Alcohol Addiction Helpline at 866-671-1510 for immediate assistance. Our
experts can guide you to one of the best alcohol addiction treatment centers in Arizona. They can assist
you in finding the alcohol addiction treatment in Arizona depending on your need.

For more information, please visit

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