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CNA 31 Lecture Rabe .pdf



Original filename: CNA-31 Lecture Rabe.pdf
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Rabe,  S.G.  2013.  Cold  war  memories:  La9n  
American  versus  the  United  States.  Análisis  
Polí+co  26  (79):  5-­‐18.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: Cold war memories [1/15]

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: Cold war memories [2/15]

The  death  toll  during  the  Pinochet  regime  was  
approximately  four  thousand.  That  is  small  
compared  to  the  poli9cal  violence  surrounding  
US  interven9on  in  other  parts  of  La9n  America.  
For  example,  Guatemala  in  the  1950s,  over  
200,000  fatali9es;  El  Salvador  in  the  1980s,  
over  75,000  fatali9es;  El  Savador  in  the  1970s  
and  1980s,  approximately  30,000  –  on  a  per  
capita  basis  a  larger  number  than  the  US  lost  in  
all  its  wars  combined,  including  the  civil  war.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: Cold war memories [3/15]

Thirty-­‐six  thousand  Chileans  filed  legal  charges  
that  they  had  been  tortured.  It  is  es9mated  
that  up  to  100,000  had  been,  including  
President  Michelle  Bachelet  and  her  father.  
Two  hundred  thousand  went  into  exile,  a  huge  
number  for  a  popula9on  of  ten  million.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: Cold war memories [4/15]

Bachelet  is  not  the  only  former  vic9m  of  
poli9cal  violence  in  La9n  America  to  later  
assume  office.  So  too  have  President  José  
Mujica  of  Uruguay;  Presidents  Néstor  Kirchner  
and  Cris9na  Fernández  of  Argen9na;  and  
President  Dilma  Rousseff  of  Brazil.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: Cold war memories [5/15]

Military  regimes  were  par9cularly  vicious  
during  the  1970s  and  1980s.  Between  1950  
and  1989  there  were  52  military  coups  in  La9n  
America.  Truth  commissions  in  Guatemala,  El  
Salvador,  Chile  and  Argen9na  determined  that  
the  dictators  and  their  allied  death  squads  
were  responsible  for  between  85  and  99  
percent  of  violence,  which  the  US  supported  
through  training  and  weapons.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: Cold war memories [6/15]

The  purpose  of  this  ar9cle  is  to  analyze  how  
differently  La9n  Americans  and  US  ci9zens  
remember  the  Cold  War.  In  short  the  laeer  
remember  it  as  a  triumph  over  communism,  
and  the  former  as  one  of  the  darkest  periods  in  
their  history,  caught  between  the  
superpowers,  with  many  s9ll  looking  for  their  
disappeared  friends  and  loved  ones.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: Cold war memories [7/15]

“Never  again”  is  a  popular  slogan  aier  the  fall  
of  the  Berlin  Wall  in  1989  and  the  collapse  of  
the  USSR  in  1991  has  not  caused  a  similar  
paeern  of  reflec9on  and  soul-­‐searching  in  the  
United  States.  A  few  officials  have  made  
abstract  apologies  for  their  na9on’s  ac9vi9es,  
but  there  has  been  no  comprehensive  
assessment  of  the  US  role.  Despite  the  
government’s  release  of  many  relevant  
documents,  there  has  been  no  public  
discussion  of  the  issue;  it  remains  limited  to  
the  scholarly  community.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: Cold war memories [8/15]


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