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CNA 32 Lecture Fermandois .pdf



Original filename: CNA-32 Lecture Fermandois.pdf
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Fermandois,  J.  2003.  The  persistence  of  myth:  
Chile  in  the  hurricane  of  the  cold  war.  Estudios  
Públicos  92:  1-­‐25.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: The persistence of myth

BriCsh  Ambassador  D.H.T.  Hildyard  reported  in  
March  1973,  “If  Chile  has  some  sort  of  
importance  in  the  world,  it  is  because  the  
struggle  between  the  Marxists  and  the  anC-­‐
Marxists,  as  well  as  the  one  between  the  
various  Marxist  groups,  is  being  carried  out  in  
an  open  society  and  not  behind  an  iron  
curtain.”    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: The persistence of myth

Fermandois  contests  the  usual  interpretaCon  
of  the  events  having  been  manipulated  by  the  
United  States.  Accounts  of  the  UP  overthrow  
tend  to  overlook  issues  like  the  Chilean  GDP  
approached  $10  billion  while  US  intervenCon  
totaled  less  than  seven  million.  To  say  the  CIA  
overthrew  Allende  is  as  childish  as  to  say  the  
CIA  had  nothing  to  do  with  it  or  that  Cuba  and  
the  Soviet  Union  were  not  factors.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: The persistence of myth

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: The persistence of myth

The  author  notes  the  prevalence  of  anC-­‐US  
senCment  throughout  Chilean  history  and  the  
irony  that  the  anC-­‐US  leV  encouraged  US  
intervenCon  against  the  military  regime.  AnC-­‐
US  rhetoric  tends  to  blame  North  America  for  
all  problems  in  LaCn  America.  It  also  produces  
conspiracy  theories.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: The persistence of myth

Fermandois  reviews  two  books.  Peter  
Kornbluth,  the  author  of  the  first,  is  known  for  
his  human  rights  acCvism.  He  is  not  a  true  
scholar  but  rather  an  emoConal  propagandist,  
as  is  evident  in  throughout  his  book  that  
includes  no  review  of  literature,  implying  that  
it  is  the  definiCve  accounted  based  on  just-­‐
released  documentaCon.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: The persistence of myth

The  author  of  the  second  book,  Patricia  
Verdugo,  is  a  be]er  writer  and  invesCgaCve  
journalist.  However  her  book  is  “superficial  and  
suffering  from  a  lack  of  historical  and  poliCcal  
knowledge  and  analyCcal  maturity.”  While  
Kornbluth  limits  himself  to  the  proverbial  facts,  
as  many  historians  tend  to,  Verdugo  adopts  a  
much  broader  scope  that  carelessly  mixes  fact  
and  supposiCon.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: The persistence of myth

Both  books  are  US-­‐centric;  that  is,  they  imply  
that  Washington  is  the  center  of  the  university  
and  responsible  for  everything  that  happens  
anyCme  anywhere.  Both  dwell  on  Nixon’s  
support  for  the  coup  but  not  on  the  
remarkably  complex  bilateral  relaConship  
starCng  in  1977.  As  early  as  1975  Washington  
realized  that  Pinochet  could  be  a  liability,  and  
that  trend  accelerated  unCl  1989.    

Cultura Norteamerica, Dr. Jason Kendall Moore, Universidad de Playa Ancha, Campus San Felipe, Primer Semestre 2015
Unit 3: The persistence of myth


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