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Future Directions of Corrections .pdf


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Running head: FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS

Future Directions of Corrections
Name
Institutional Affiliation

By GetGoodGrade.com

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FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS

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Abstract
Correctional facilities are increasingly becoming the most sort alternative in the implementation
of rectification services from lawbreakers. The motivation for the usage have been from the
comprehension that irrespective of the magnitude of offence, there is a possibility of success.
Sexual offenders have been lately linked with such facilities with the implementation of the same
taking it form of addressing majorly the high risk and the moderate risk criminal, who are
subjected to a system of pressure that safeguards their reform process. The flexibility in the
phases by which the offenders have to undergo is considered a critical intervention to warrant for
positive outcomes. In reviewing the real-life application of such programs, The Phoenix and
Counterpoint located in Alberta and Edmonton respectively have unique features that
characterizes the type of success and failure that each witnesses. Such analyses are essentially
the formulation of schemes that seek to offer similar and better facilities for continued success in
the correctional centers.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS

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Future Directions of Corrections
Introduction
Probation programs are increasingly being considered as alternative measures for
correction rather than the usage of prisons in a bid to address recidivism (Macgregor, 2008 p. 1).
The motivation for the establishment of sexual offender programs has been to reclaim a criminal,
reduce the chance of recidivism and the overall sexual reoffender process. There are a variety of
programs that can be instituted in given setting that seek tonsure that there is continued delivery
of measures that target the varied need by sexual offenders.
The Available Option for Sexual Offenders
The Corectional Service Canada (2016), for example, outlines four different strategies
that can be utilized in achieving this role including the high intensity, the moderate intensity, the
National sex offender, and the Tupiq programs. The high intensity schemes are instituted such
that the main target are men who are a high risk of reoffending on sexual grounds. A basic
structure could involve75 group sessions and a maximum of seven individual programs with
both sessions lasting about 2 hours. Based on the review by the Corectional Service Canada
(2016) the role of such institutes is to help offenders understand the impact the offence has on
victims and instill management of sexual behavior.
The other option available is the moderate intensity of the sexual offenders that targets
those with a moderate risk of reoffending on grounds of sexual violence. The basic provision of
the model is ensuring the framework is targeted at managing risk factors and emotions of sexual
behavior though at a lower level. Rather than be congested at the high intensity, the moderate
sexual offender option usually has a lower number of group sessions with 55 being the standard

FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS

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number. As in the previous case, these session are distributed on about 2-hour long initiative
(Corectional Service Canada, 2016).
Alternatively, the probation services for sexual assault programs is structured to target
men that have been already exposed to some form of maintenance programs through the
provision of service at the level of the national sex offender maintenance programs. According to
the Corectional Service Canada (2016), the essentiality of this institution in the maintenance
process of the acquired skills to guarantee that the men do not commit the crimes after being
reopened to the society. As for the preceding two measures, the motivation for the national sex
offenders is to enable the person to realize the implication of engaging the particular crime and
help them manage the risk factors. On average, the programs are usually made to include 12
group sessions with individual sessions also acknowledged (Corectional Service Canada, 2016).
Finally, the last option for correctional programs for sexual offender could take the form
of the tupiq program, and intervention that is designed to accommodate a specific group of
sexual offenders, usually the Inuit men. The inclusion criterion for enrolment is that there is a
need for one to be classed as either a high or moderate sex offender or that there is further
necessity to prevent them from committing the crime. The facility could be structured to
accommodate 129 groups session at a time with the period averaging about 2 hours. As for the
previously discussed intervention, the institution of such measures is targeted at enabling the
criminal to recognize the importance of managing their sexual risks and realizing the
consequences of the crime to the victims (Corectional Service Canada, 2016).
Examples of Correctional Programs for Sexual Offenders
The Phoenix Program in Alberta

FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS

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Located in Edmonton and run under the Alberta Mental Health Board, the Phoenix
Program is managed under a nineteen-bed facility in which there is a provision of private
bedrooms, laundry services, kitchenettes, canteen, barber, and dining area (John Howard Society
of Alberta, 2002, p. 9). The treatment options are delivered in three phases. The first is the
intensive six to twelve month schedule that targets the entire intervention that the facility offers.
The second is run within course of four to eight months with the saturation involving four hours
daily. The third and final phase is the weekly follow-up group that can be assessed on a long
term and would receive support from the Phoenix Program official upon their release (John
Howard Society of Alberta, 2002, p. 9).
The strengths that the facility offers is the ability to exercise good communication skills
due to the commitment that the staff offer to comprehensive treatment. This message scheme
ensures that the offenders are handled at personal level to ensure maximum efficacy.
Furthermore, it is believed to be successful from the realization that it has achieved international
recognition and has been established in many European countries (John Howard Society of
Alberta, 2002).
The facility however suffers one major weakness of having a low bed capacity despite the
fact that it is internationally recognized. It would be argued that there are many branches of the
same institution in many other countries but the fact that there are only 19 beds for a program
that runs under three phases is a major setback. The failure by the institute is based on the
inability to exercise flexibility in its mode of operation. In fact, in the assessment of the
management practice of Phoenix Program, it is pointed out that there is a strict schedule that fails
to address the new demand are provided by the diverse population the institution has to serve
(John Howard Society of Alberta, 2002, p. 8).

FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS

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Counterpoint House
Located in Edmonton is another facility that targets sexual offenders who are essentially
teens and adolescents. The program has been in operation since 1986 and has about eight beds
and is approximated to have served about 100 clients since its inception (John Howard Society of
Alberta, 2002, p. 10). Even though it is run as an independent body, it is still mandated to operate
under the Alberta Mental Health Board. The mission of the institution is to facilitate the
reintegration of teenage sexual offender into the community, reducing the chance for criminal
recidivism, facilitation of mental health programs, and offering counseling services to the
criminals.
The main strength that the establishment prides itself is the fact that there is flexibility in
the way the offenders can operate with day programs and part time options being availed to the
teens. It is also noted that despite this strengths, the success rate for the institution is assessed
based on the fact that it has succeeded in the implementation of a three-phase programs despite
its low turnout from the clients (John Howard Society of Alberta, 2002, p.11).
It is however noted that one key weakness of the scheduling of the program such that
only when one attains the minimum six months are they allowed to leave the facility despite the
possibility that some could reform faster. The failure by Counterpoint House is based in the
recognition that only 100 clients have been served since the inception of the facility in 1986. It is
possible that there is stiff competition from other better facilities and Counterpoint is not leaving
up to it because it is unlikely that the sexual offense crime rates have been low for the last two
decades in Edmonton.
Design for New Program

FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS

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In the institution of a program that is meant to address the needs of sexual offender who
are needed to reform to enable them to be integrated back into the society, it is essential to have a
system in place that accommodates both adults and teenage men. This would guarantee that
when the juveniles realize that even adults are victims of sexual risks, they will tend to manage
themselves better and reduce the chance of recidivism (U.S. Probation & Pretrial Services Texas Northern, 2016). Furthermore, it would be essential to market the facility in a way that
despite risking creating a socially immoral society, would serve to enhance awareness for the
availability of referral programs (Charles E. Samuels, 2013, p. 4). This will help in getting an
international mark that would benefit the body in the end. Furthermore, it would be essential to
ensure that there are enough facilities for the criminals and exercise flexibility in the mode of
delivering the intervention. Through the implementation of these provision for a correctional
programs, there is guaranteed success because the program will not only be suited to the clients
way of life but it would also serve to create a system of mutual conduct that is recognized
internally to ensure there is mutual benefit from the society and the subjects.
Conclusion
From the review, it is important to emphasize the essentiality in strategizing of
intervention to target the high and moderate risk clients because they are the most likely lot to
return to criminal behavior. Offenders with some specific needs have programs such as the tupiq
that target minor groups to try to accommodate the varied need. Among the many examples of
correctional facilities, a survey of two has been considered for this report with emphasis on
Alberta based Phoenix Program and the Edmonton Counterpoint House Facility. As noted, both
have achieved international standards despite being located at a local scale even though there
have been a number of weakness on the program implementation technique and related issues. In

FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS
the implementation of a new program, therefore, it is fundamental to ensure that there will be
guaranteed success by strategizing schemes that target internal recognition and seek to address
the offender issues in a friendly manner.

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FUTURE DIRECTIONS OF CORRECTIONS

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References
Charles E. Samuels. (2013). Sex Offender Programs. U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau
of Prisons. Retrieved from https://www.bop.gov/policy/progstat/5324_010.pdf
Corectional Service Canada. (2016). National Sex Offender Programs. Correctional Process.
Retrieved from http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/correctional-process/002001-2008-eng.shtml
John Howard Society of Alberta. (2002). Sex Offender Treatment Programs. Retrieved from
http://www.johnhoward.ab.ca/pub/respaper/treatm02.pdf
Macgregor, S. (2008). Sex offender treatment programs: effectiveness of prison and community
based programs in Australia and New Zealand. Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse.
Retrieved from http://indigenousjustice.gov.au/briefs/brief003.pdf
U.S. Probation & Pretrial Services - Texas Northern. (2016). Sex offender supervision. U.S.
Probation & Pretrial Services - Texas Northern. Retrieved from
http://www.txnp.uscourts.gov/content/sex-offender-program


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