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ALL WHEEL STEER
Model C4013·050

12.Shp/40"

PN 323308C

"Precision Engineering by the Lawn Care Experts"

~

,f

Price $5.00

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Change the Engine Oil ..................................... 14
Maintain the Air Filter ....................................... 15
Maintain the Fuel Filter .................................... 15
Spark Plug Maintenance .................................. 15
Maintain the Battery .................................... 15,16
Remove the Battery ............................ : ............ 16
Install the Battery ....................................... 16, 17
Replace the Tractor Drive Belt ......................... 18
Remove the Mower Deck ................................. 19
Replace the Blade Drive Belt ........................... 19
Replace the Mower Blades .............................. 20
ADJUST YOUR TRACTOR ........................... 21-30
Read These Hints Before Adjusting Your
Tractor ............................................................. 21
Adjust the Tractor Clutch ................................. 22
Adjust the Transmission Control Lever ............ 23
Adjust the Tractor Brake .................................. 24
Adjust the Mower Deck Height ......................... 25
Adjust the Mower Deck Level ...................... 26,27
Adjust the Blade Drive Belt .............................. 28
Adjust the Blade Brake .................................... 29
Adjust the Carburetor ....................................... 29
Adjust the Steering Gear .................................. 30
Adjust the Seat ................................................. 30
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE ...................... 31-33
STORAGE .......................................................... 34
TRACTOR REPAIR PARTS .......................... 35-50
ACCESSORIES .................................................. 51
DISTRIBUTORS LIST ......................................... 52

Page
WARRANTY ......................................................... 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS ........................................ 2
INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS ............................... 2
SAFETY RULES ................................................... 3
OWNER'S INFORMATION .................................. .4
ASSEMBLE YOUR TRACTOR ......................... .4-6
Contents of Shipping Carton ............................. .4
You Will Need These Tools .............................. .4
Parts Bag ........................................................... 4
Activate the Battery ............................................ 5
Install the Steering Wheel .................................. 5
Install the Seat ................................................... 6
Check Oil and Put in Gas ................................... 6
Check the Tires and Fasteners .......................... 6
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR CONTROLS AND
INDICATORS ..................................................... 7-9
OPERATE YOUR TRACTOR ........................ 10-12
Learn to Start and Stop .................................... 10
Before Starting ................................................. 10
Start the Engine and Mower Blades ................. 10
Stop the Mower Blades and Engine ................. 11
Your First Use .................................................. 11
The All-Wheel Steer Feature ............................ 11
Use Your Tractor Safely ................................... 12
Keep Your Tractor Clean ................................. 12
Mowing Hints ................................................... 12
MAINTAIN YOUR TRACTOR ........................ 13-20
Maintenance Check List ................................... 13
Lubrication ....................................................... 14
Lubrication Chart .............................................. 14

INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS These symbols may appear on your unit or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning.

ENGINE
START

ENGINE
RUN

ENGINE
OFF

OFF

0
ENGINE
START

ENGINE
START

ENGINE
RUN

ENGINE
OFF

NEUTRAL

FORWARD

REVERSE

CLUTCH

N
MOWER
HEIGHT

,-~··

•I I•

LO'IVER

RAISE

t

-

ON

FAST

SLOW

11

IGNITION

I ~ -- ·1\1
OIL
PRESSURE

BRAKE

FUEL

PARKING
BRAKE

BATTERY

PTO
ENGAGED

INCREASE . DECREASE

+

LIGHTS

HOUR
METER

PTO
DISENGAGED

ALLSYSTEMS-GO

MOWER BLADE
CLUTCH

~_.......,~

CO)®
ARROW

CHOKE

CAUTION

IGNITION
KEY

~e

._..,.,.._



Photographs and illustrations in this manual may not show your model but are for reference. They are based on the
latest information available at time of publication.
2

SAFETY RULES
THESE INSTRUCTIONS ARE FOR YOUR PROTECTION. PLEASE READ THEM CAREFULLY.

IMPORTANT
THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET AND THROWING OBJECTS. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THE
FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
I.






















mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a
cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.

Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause
sliding.

Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the
ground.

Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
Ill. CHILDREN:
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence
of children. Children are often attracted to the machine and the
mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you
last saw them.

Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful
care of another responsible adult.

Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.
Before and when backing, look behind and down tor small

children.

Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured
or interfere with safe machine operation.

Never allow children to operate the machine.

Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees,
or other objects that may obscure vision.
IV. SERVICE:

Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels. They are
flammable and vapors are explosive.
a. Use only an approved container.
b. Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running.
Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do not smoke.
c. Never refuel the machine Indoors.
d. Never store the machine or fuel container Inside where
there is an open flame, such as In a water heater.
Check fuel supply before each use allowing space for

expansion as the heat of the engine and/or sun can cause
gasoline to expand and overflow the tank.

Use extra care when handling battery acid. Acid contact with
skin may cause severe burns. Eye contact may cause
blindness.
·
Use extra care when servicing the battery. Explosive: gas is

produced in the battery. Do not service the battery while
smoking or near an open spark or flame. This may cause the
battery to explode causing serious injury.

Never run a machine inside a closed area. Exhaust fumes
contain CARBON MONOXIDE, an ODORLESS and DEADLY
GAS.

Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment bolts, tight
and keep equipment in good condition.
Never tamper with safety devices. Check their operation

regularly. ·

Do not change the engine governor settings or overspeed
engine.

Reduce fire hazards. Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or
other debris build-up. Clean up oil or fuel spillage. Allow
machine to cool before storing.

Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object. Repair, if
necessary, before restarting.

Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine running.

Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and
deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow
objects to be thrown. Frequently check components and
replace with manufacturer's recommended parts, when
necessary.

Mower blade(s) are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) or
wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.
Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as

required.

GENERAL OPERATION:
Know controls and how to stop quickly.
Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual and
on the machine before starting.
Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
instructions, to operate the machine.
Wear safety glasses or eye shields when assembling or
operating the machine.
Do not operate machine when barefooted. Always wear
substantial footwear, preferably steel-toed shoes.
Do not wear loose fitting clothing that could get caught in
moving parts.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc., which
could be picked up and thrown by the blade(s).
Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop
machine if anyone enters the area.
Never carry passengers.
Do not mow In reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always
look down and behind before and while backing.
Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at
anyone. Do not operate the mower without either the entire
grass catcher or the guard in place.
Slow down before turning.
Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off
blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and remove keys before
dismounting.
.
Turn off blade(s) when not mowing.
Stop engine before removing grass catcher or unclogging
chute.
Mow only In daylight or good artificial light.
Do not operate the machine while under the influence of alcohol
or drugs.
Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing roadways.
Use care when mowing around a fixed object to prevent the
blade(s) from striking it. Never deliberately run over any foreign
object.
Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a
trailer or truck.
Use care when pulling loads or using heavy equipment.
a. Use only approved drawbar hitch points.
b. Limit loads to those that you can safely control.
c. Do not turn sharply. Use care when backing.
d. Use counterweight(s), wheel weight or tire chains when
suggested in attachment(s) instructions.

II. SLOPE OPERATION:
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tip-over
accidents, which can result in severe injury or death. All slopes
require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel
·
uneasy on it, do not mow it.

DO











Uow up and down slopes, not across.
Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn
the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to
stop or shift while on the slope.
Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for wheel weights
or ~ights to improve stability.
Use alia care with grass catchers or other attachments. These
can ct.nge the slability of the machine.
Keep . . ..,wement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do not
lllllllle sudden changes in speed or direction.
AwoidSIIrtilgor stDpping on a slope. If tires lose traction, turn
off the~) ..t proceed slowly straight down the slope.

DONCJT

Do.., . . . - slapes Wlless necessary, and _then slowly and
graduiiiJ ......._ il possible.

Do n o t - *op-offs, ditches or embankments. The

LOOK FORDE SYIIBOL TO POINT OUT IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS. IT MEANS-ATTENTION!!!
BECOME ALERT!!! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED.

3

I

OWNER'S INFORMATION
Record the following information about your unit so that you will be able to provide it in case of loss or theft.

MODEL NUMBER:

DODO -DODO

PURCHASE DATE: -

I- I -

(Enter complete 8 digit number from model plate on unit)

CODE NO.: - - - - SERIAL NO.: - - - - - -

DEALER'S NAME AND ADDRESS: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - CITY:

STATE: - - - - - - TELEPHONE: - - - - - - -

A

DANGER

This tractor can be dangerous if usedcarelessly. Read the Owner's Manual thoroughly before operating
the tractor. Always wear safety glasses or eye shields while assembling or operating the tractor. Do Not
carry passengers at any time. Keep hands, feet, hair and loose clothing away from the discharge area,
underside of the mower deck or any moving parts while the engine is running. Do Not allow children or
young teenagers to operate or be near the tractor while it is operating. Reduce engine to idle when
tractor is not moving. If tractor is to remain stopped for more than 2 minutes, stop the engine.

ASSEMBLE YOUR TRACTOR
NOTE
References to the right side and left side of this
tractor are as you are seated in the operator's
seat, facing forward.

ASSEMBLY TORQUE REQUIREMENTS FOR ALL NUT & BOLT, STEEL TO
STEEL APPLICATIONS, FOOT-LBS
Note 1

CONTENTS OF SHIPPING CARTON
BOLT
DIA.
INCHES

1 - Tractor (with 40 inch Mower Deck)
1 - Owner's Manual
1 - Engine Manual
1 - Steering Wheel
1 - Seat
1 - Battery Acid Pack
1 - Bag of Assembly Parts Containing:
1 - 1/4 x 2 inch Spring Pin (Steering Wheel)
4 - 11/32 inch Flatwashers (Seat Assembly)
4 - 5116 inch Split Lockwashers (Seat Assembly)
4- 5116-18 x 3/4 inch Hex Head Screws (Seat
Assembly)
1/2 inch Wrenches (or adjustable wrenches).
7116 inch Wrenches (or adjustable wrenches).

Pliers
Small Phillips Screwdriver with a 1/4 inch shank
Hammer

Q @

GR2

GRS

GR8

1/4

5-6

9-10

12-14

5/16

12-13

19-21

27-30

318

21-24

33-37

45-50

PARTS BAG

I
1 -114 x 2 Inch Spring Pin



4-11/32 Inch
Flatwashers

4- 5/161nch
SpiH Lockwashers

Note 1

Notes:
1. Head identification for each grade.
2. Reduce the torque by 30% when installing into
aluminum parts.
3. Reduce torque by 50% when threading into
non-extruded sheet metal parts.

YOU WILL NEED THESE TOOLS
22111-

0

Note 1

4- 5/16 x 3/4 Inch
Hex Head Screws
4

2- lgnHion Keys

ASSEMBLE YOUR TRACTOR
UNPACK SHIPPING CARTON
1. Remove the wooden top frame from the carton.
2. Remove parts packed separately in the carton,
including the seat, steering wheel battery acid and
hardware bag.

3. Reinstall battery (see Install the Battery paragraph in the Maintenance section of this manual).
NOTE: Before placing the battery into the tractor, the
battery should be charged at 6 amps for 1 hour. While
the battery is charging on a battery charger, complete
the Assembly section.

3. Cut down all four corners of the carton and lay
down side pieces flat.
4. Remove packing material from around tractor.
5. Carefully cut front and rear wire ties holding
tractor to skid.

6. Raise mower deck to high cutting position.
6. Be sure parking brake is released and shift control
lever is in neutral before rolling tractor off skid. NOTE:
You may need assistance in moving tractor off
skid. DO NOT lift or pull tractor by the hood or
fender.

NOTE

The charge indicator light will glow if the battery is
not charged to 75% of its capacity.

INSTALL THE STEERING WHEEL
1. Position the front wheels straight forward.
2. Place the steering wheel on the steering shaft
(Figure 1).

ACTIVATE THE BATTERY
NOTE

DANGER
Lead acid batteries generate explosive gases.
Keep sparks, flame and smoking materials
away from batteries. Always wear eye protec·
tion when around batteries.

1. Remove the battery from the tractor (see Remove
the Battery paragraph in the Maintenance section of
this manual) and remove the vent caps from all cells.

Make sure the cross-members on the steering
wheel are pointing downward.

3. Push the steering wheel down firmly.
4. Align the cross holes in the steering wheel with
the holes in the steering shaft.
NOTE: Use a small Phillips screwdriver (with a 1/4
inch shank) to align the holes.

2. Fill each battery cell to the indicator ring with
electrolyte battery acid. (Follow the instructions outlined on the electrolyte package).

DANGER

STEERING WHEEL

Handle electrolyte with care. It is an acid and
poison. Always wear eye shields, and protect
skin when handing acid or battery.

SPRING PIN

POISON· CAUSES SEVERE BURNS
Contains sulfuric acid.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing.
To prevent accidents, neutralize excess acid
with baking soda and rinse empty container

with water.
ANTIDOTE:
EXTERNAL- Flush with water.
INTERNAL - Drink large quantities of water or
milk. Folow with milk of magnesia, beaten
eggs or vegetable oil. Call physician

immediately.
EYES· Rush with water for 15 minutes and
get prompt medical attention.
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN

./

ASSEMBLE YOUR TRACTOR
6. Fill the gas tank (Figure 3). Use clean, fresh,
unleaded gasoline with a minimum octane rating of 77.
Do not mix oil with gasoline. Be certain the container
is clean and free from rust or other foreign particles.
Never use gasoline that may be stale from long periods
(over 30 days) of storage.

INSTALL THE SEAT
1. Raise the seat channels (Figure 2) and attach the
seat to the seat channels with four 5/16 x 3/4 inch
screws, four 5/16 inch split lockwashers and four 11/32
inch flatwashers (found in parts bag). To adjust the seat
see the Adjust The Seat paragraph in the Adjust Your
Tractor section of this manual.
2. Connect the wire harness to the seat switch
(Figure 2). NOTE: If the seat switch is not connected to
the wire harness, the engine will stop when the mower
clutch lever is placed in the ENGAGE (DOWN) position
or the clutch-brake pedal is in the ENGAGE (UP) position.

lji·@fW

DANGER
Never fill the gas tank while the engine is running or is hot. Immediately wipe off any
spilled gasoline before attempting to start the
engine.

SEAT

lj!.!lifji
GASCAP

-

OIL FILL CAP/
DIPSTICK

CHECK THE TIRES AND FASTENERS
1. Check the air pressure in the tires. The correct air
pressure (1 0 to 141bs) may be printed on the sidewall of
each tire. Ensure that both front and rear tires are inflated properly.

CHECK OIL AND PUT IN GAS

2. Check all bolts on the wheels to be sure none are
loose.

NOTE
Be sure the engine crankcase is full of oil before
trying to start the engine.
1. Place the tractor so that the engine is level.
2. Open the hood.
3. Remove the engine oil fill cap/dipstick (Figure 3)
and check oil level. Add oil if necessary Seethe Engine
Operation and Maintenance manual for the proper
procedure and engine oil recommendations. Do not
overfilL
4. Reinstall the oil fill cap and tighten it securely.
5. Be sure the spark plug wire(s) is attached to the
spark plug(s).
6

KNOW YOUR TRACTOR CONTROLS & INDICATORS
Get to know your tractor and its controls and indicators.
Be sure you (or any other operator) have read and
understand the Safety Rules listed on page 2 of this
manual.

DANGER
Do not operate your tractor without a chute deflector in place. The tractor can be dangerous to
operate if misused. On slopes, be very cautious
and avoid sharp turns to prevent tipping or loss
of control. NEVER carry passengers.

NOTE
Use the headlights only with the engine running. If
you leave the headlights on (with the engine not
running) you may need to charge the battery before
re-starting the engine.
• Battery Indicator (Figure 4A - If this indicator lights
up, your engine is not sending enough voltage to the
battery or the battery is not properly charged.
Turn off your headlights and run the engine at full
throttle to charge the battery.

The controls and indicators and their functions are as
follows:

• Fuel Indicator (Figure 4A- If this indicator lights up,
you are low on fuel. Stop the tractor and add fuel to
the gas tank.

• Throttle Control and Choke Lever (Figure 4A) Controls the engine and blade speeds and chokes
the engine for cold starts. For best mowing, always
run the engine at fast speed.

• Oil Pressure Indicator (Figure 4A, if so equipped)
- If this indicator lights up, you do not have enough oil
pressure to properly operate the engine. Stop immediately and check the oil level.

e

• "All Systems Go" Indicator (Figure 4A)- Indicator
lights if the wrong starting procedure was used.
Check one or both:
1. Your clutch-brake pedal may not be fully
pressed down.
2. The mower clutch lever may not be in the
DISENGAGE (UP) position.

Ignition Switch (Figure 4A) - Starts and stops the
engine. Turn the key all the way right to start the
engine. When you release the key (after starting the
engine) it will return to the running position. To stop
the engine, turn the key all the way to the left.
Remove the key to lock the ignition.

• Headlight Switch (Figure 4A) - Turns the headlights on or off. With the engine running, push the ON
end of the switch to turn the headlights on. To turn
the headlights off, push the OFF end of the switch.

• Hour Meter (Figure 4A), if so equipped - Counts
the total number of hours the tractor has been
operated. Use this meter with the Maintenance
Check List (page 13) to schedule maintenance for
your tractor.

OIL PRESSURE
INDICATOR (If so equipped)

BATTERY

"ALL SYSTEMS GO"
INDICATOR

dii!IJf·l

HEADLIGHT

PARKING BRAKE
KNOB

·lL-__K_N_O_W_~_O_U_R_7i_'8_~_C_1i_O_R_C_O_N_7i_'R_O_L_S_&_I_ND_I_C_~_1i_OR_S_ ____,
• Parking Brake Knob (Figure 4A) - Locks the clutchbrake pedal in the brake position. To operate the
parking brake:

TRANSMISSION
CONTROL LEVER

1. Press down the clutch-brake pedal fully,
engaging the brake.

SHIFT
POSITIONS

2. Lift and pull the parking brake knob and hold
it.
3. Remove your foot from the clutch-brake pedal
(the pedal should remain down).
4. Release the parking brake knob.
To release the parking brake, press the clutch-brake
pedal (gravity will release the parking brake).

~

NOTE
Check the position of the transmission control lever
and know what you want to do before you release
the clutch-brake.
• Transmission Control Lever (Figure 4B) - Selects
1 of 6 forward ground speed ranges, 1 reverse
ground speed range and neutral.
NOTE
The transmission control lever is connected to the
clutch assembly. You don't need to use the clutch
pedal when shifting forward gears.
No. 1 range is the slowest forward speed, used for
traveling up or down steep hills or snow removal.
!

!

No. 2 range is used for cutting tall or heavy grass.
No. 3 range is used for average mowing conditions.
No. 4 and 5 ranges are used for very light mowing.
No. 6 range should be used for transporting the
mower only.

~----=--

CAUTION
Come to a full stop before changing the
direction of motion.
• Clutch-Brake Pedal (Figure 4C) - Use the clutchbrake pedal (all the way down) to stop or park your
tractor. Always lock the clutch-brake pedal in the
parking brake position (all the way down) before
leaving the tractor.
NOTE
You don't need to use the clutch-brake pedal when
changing forward speed ranges.
8

------·

KNOW YOUR TRACTOR CONTROLS & INDICATORS
• Cutting Height Adjustment Lever (Figure 4D) Changes the height of the cut to one of five positions.
The bottom position of the lever is the lowest cutting
height and the top position is the highest cutting
height. Other positions change the height of the cut
approximately 1/2 inch each.
1. Grasp the lever with your left hand and pull
upward to raise the mower deck. You will hear a
"click" as the lever goes to the next height
position.

2. Grasp the lever with your left hand and pull

CUTllNG~

ADJUSTMENT LEVER

HIGH
CUT
POSITION
(UP)

upward slightly. Press the button on end of the
lever with your thumb to release the height
adjustment lever latch and lower the mower
deck to the height you want. Release the latch
button to let the lever latch in place.
• Mower Clutch Lever (Figure 4D) - Gives or
removes power to the mower deck blades.
To start the mower blades, move the mower clutch
lever slowly (Never "snap" the lever) down to the
ENGAGE position.

LOW
CUT
POSITION
(DOWN)~

NOTE
Move the mower clutch lever to the ENGAGE
(DOWN) position only when you are ready to cut
grass, and when the engine is running at full speed
(this prevents excessive strain on the blade drive
belt).
To stop the mower blades, move the mower clutch
lever slowly up to the DISENGAGE position. With
the mower clutch lever in the DISENGAGE (UP)
position, blades should stop in a safe period of time.
Keep the mower clutch lever in the DISENGAGE
(UP) position until you are ready to cut grass; and
when using your tractor for yard jobs such as pulling
a roller, seeder, sweeper or other accessories.
NOTE
The mower clutch lever must always be in the
full DISENGAGE (UP) position to start the
engine. Never place the lever in the ENGAGE
(DOWN) position until the engine is warmed up
and JOU are on the seat, ready to start mowing.
AllrafS...,. the lever to the DISENGAGE (UP)
posllaa belal'e dismounting from the tractor.

A

DANGER

A

The blades . . not stop immediately. Keep
hands ..:I feellrala under mower deck and
awayfnllll . . ' • ._ge chute.

""'~
NOTE

Your unit is equipped with a seat switch. The engine will stop if the operator is not firmly seated in
the operator's seat when the mower clutch lever is
in the ENGAGE (DOWN) position or the clutchbrake pedal is in the ENGAGE (UP) position.
Leaning forward or to one side on the seat may
cause the engine to stop.


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