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During this night, the Gülen coup attempt was defeated
mainly by the peaceful civil disobedience of Turkish citizens from all segments of Turkish society. Turkish people
realized that the democratic order of their country was in
danger of being abolished by the followers of a false messiah. They realized that this was also an assault on their
freedom, independence, and the future of their children.
That’s why they were ready to sacrifice their lives –a sacrifice that they made. The tally of the casualties was shocking: FETÖ members massacred 240 people, of which 173
were civilians and injured another 2,195 civilians.

BURHANETTİN DURAN & FAHRETTİN ALTUN

THE JULY 15 COUP ATTEMPT AND ITS AFTERMATH

BURHANETTİN DURAN
FAHRETTİN ALTUN

THE TRIUMPH OF TURKISH DEMOCRACY

T

he night of July 15 was the longest night of
Turkish Democracy. In the course of this
night, members of Fetullah Gülen Terrorist
Organization (FETÖ), which has been infiltrating the Turkish Armed Forces for about four decades,
tried to stage a military coup to overthrow the democratically elected government and suspend the constitution of
the Turkish Republic.

THE TRIUMPH OF
TURKISH DEMOCRACY

The aim of this book is to overcome the prejudice and
the misunderstanding against Turkey by analysing the
events that took place on that night and the developments that followed.

THIRD EDITION

The Triumph of
Turkish Democracy
The July 15 Coup Attempt and Its Aftermath

The Triumph of
Turkish Democracy
The July 15 Coup Attempt and Its Aftermath

BURHANETTİN DURAN & FAHRETTİN ALTUN (EDS.)

S E TA

Burhanettin Duran is the general coordinator of SETA and a professor at Ankara Sosyal Bi­limler
University, Turkey. Duran is the author of Türk Parlamento Tarihi (3 volumes) (Ankara: TBMM, 2012)
and the editor of several books. Currently he writes columns for Daily Sabah and Sabah newspaper.
Duran’s work focuses on the transformation of Islamism, Turkish political thought, Turkish
domestic politics, Turkish foreign policy, and Middle Eastern politics.

Fahrettin Altun is an associate professor at Istanbul Medeniyet University and the general
coordinator of SETA İstanbul. He is the author of Modernleşme Kuramı: Eleştirel Bir Giriş (Küre,
2011, 3rd edition) and co-author of Türkiye’de Basın Özgürlüğü: Mitler ve Gerçekler (SETA Yayınları,
2016). Currently he writes columns for Daily Sabah and Sabah newspaper and is editor in chief of
monthly Kriter. Altun’s research focus covers sociology of media and communication, political
communication, Turkish modernization, and political culture.

SETA Publications 8
First Published in 2016
Third Edition Published in 2016
ISBN: 978-605-4023-76-9
© 2016 SET Vakfı İktisadi İşletmesi All rights reserved.
No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic,
mechanical or other means, without permission in writing from the publishers.
Cover and Layout: Hasan Suat Olgun
Printed in Turkey, İstanbul by Turkuvaz Haberleşme ve Yayıncılık A.Ş., September 2016
SETA Publications
Nenehatun Cd. No: 66 GOP Çankaya 06700 Ankara Turkey
Tel: +90 312 551 21 00 | Fax: +90 312 551 21 90
www.setav.org | kitap@setav.org

TABLE OF CONTENTS

7

Foreword
ONE

THE JULY 15 COUP ATTEMPT:
THE LONGEST NIGHT AND BEYOND
Gülenist Coup Failed, Democracy Won
Main Tenets of a Failed Coup Attempt
July 15 Marks the Birth Of A Brand-New Period
Turkey: Who Controls the Army ?
Surreal Coup, Real Violence, Real Threat
The Triumph of Turkish Unity Against the Coup Attempt
Understanding the Ideational Sources
of the Terrorist Coup Attempt
The Importance of Erdoğan’s Leadership
in the Prevention Of The Coup
From a Hybrid Coup to a Military One:
The Path Leading to July 15 and Beyond
The Codes of the Coup Declaration

11
13
17
23
26
28
31
44
50
53
57

TWO

FETULLAH GÜLEN AND HIS MESSIANIC CULT MOVEMENT 61
THE EMERGENCE OF FETÖ: From the Service
(Hizmet) to a Terror Organization
63
The Judicial Pillar of FETÖ and the Law: July 15 and After 79
The Mentality of the Junta Coup Attempt
83
The Assassins of Modern Times
88
The July 15 Coup Attempt: The Founding Nation
Against the Parallel Structure
92

THREE

THE RESISTANCE OF THE PEOPLE AGAINST
THE JULY 15 COUP ATTEMPT
The July 15 Resistance by the Turkish People:
Googling “How to Stop a Tank”
The Democracy Guards’ State of Mind
Turkish People Should Get the Nobel Prize
Turkey’s Thwarted Military Coup Attempt
and the Media: A New Visual Front for Resistance
“Turks Achieved It, so We Can Do It, Too”

97
99
106
110
112
116

FOUR

REFLECTIONS ON TURKEY COUP ATTEMPT

Turkey Safer Today than It Was Yesterday
Turkey Won, the West Lost on July 15
FETÖ, the Coup and Europe
The Coup, FETÖ and the USA
Declaration of State of Emergency and
the West’s Hypocrisy
Yours Stumbled, Ours Made History
The Question of Pro-coup Western Media

119
121
125
129
132
136
139
142

FIVE

YENİKAPI SPIRIT AND WHAT IS NEXT
Yenikapı Spirit: The New Political Trend
We Were All in Yenikapı
FETÖ Is Not at Ordinary Terrorist Organization
After the Failed Coup:
After the Failed Coup: How to Deal with
the FETÖ Threat in the Short and Medium Terms
Security Vulnerability and the Reorganization Dilemma:
What’s Next after the Failed Coup Attempt?
Turkey’s Need for a Re-institutionalization

Contributors

147
149
152
154

157
164
167

175

FOREWORD
The night of July 15 was the longest night of Turkish Democracy.
On that night members of the Fetullah Gülen Terrorist Organization
(FETÖ) which has been infiltrating the Turkish Armed Forces for
about four decades tried to stage a military coup to overthrow the
democratically elected government and suspend the constitution of
the Turkish Republic.
On that horrific night FETÖ members committed heinous crimes
against Turkish civilians who took to the streets to protect Turkish democracy and its constitution. The crimes perpetrated by FETÖ members were unprecedented in Turkish history. For the first time in Turkish Republic history which saw many military coups, terror waves
and civil unrest, the Turkish parliament was bombed while it was in
session by F-16 fighter jets and attack helicopters. It was clear from
the first hours of this attempt that the Gülen military coup members
were willing and desperate enough to commit any crime in order to
achieve their goal. In this spirit, they assaulted the Presidential Palace,
the Police and Turkish Intelligence headquarters with heavy weapons
and tried to assassinate President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

8

/

FO R E W O R D

The turning point of that night was when President Erdoğan called
Turkish citizens to the streets to protect the country’s democratic order. All the political leaders in the country also joined this declaration
and called their supporters to the streets. Facing this public outrage
the coup plotters chose to massacre civilians on the street in order to
gain control of the country. CNN Türk, TRT and many other public
and private TV channels were also raided by FETÖ members and a
female TRT anchor was forced to read a coup declaration at gunpoint.
In the course of this night, the Gülen coup attempt was defeated
mainly by the peaceful civil disobedience of Turkish citizens from all
segments of Turkish society. During this night, Turkish people realized that the democratic order of their country was in danger of being
abolished by the followers of a false messiah. They realized that this
was also an assault on their freedom, independence, and the future
of their children. That’s why they were ready to sacrifice their lives
–a sacrifice that they made. The tally of the casualties was shocking:
FETÖ members massacred 240 people, of which 173 were civilians
and injured another 2,195 civilians.
There is no question that this bloody coup attempt is the greatest
national trauma that Turkey has witnessed since the establishment of
the Turkish Republic. The Turkish public was outraged by the fact
that FETÖ members disguised as Turkish soldiers killed Turkish citizens with the weapons that were meant to be used in defence of the
country and bought with Turkish citizen’s tax money.
The weak reaction and statements of our long-standing allies
such as the USA, EU, NATO and many European countries was
even more shocking for the Turkish people. The biggest shock came,
however, when many Western media outlets, think tanks and politicians started a smear campaign against Turkish citizens and Turkish
politicians who courageously defeated a bloody coup attempt and
saved the democratic political order in the country. Facing this media
campaign many Turkish intellectuals, politicians and academics from


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