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Devils Night Final for Online.pdf


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ORIGINS OF THE HALLOWEEN SPIRIT
c. 1000 BCE

“The Halloween machine turns the world upside down. One’s identity can be
discarded with impunity. Men dress as women and vice versa. Authority can be
mocked and circumvented. And more important, graves open and the departed
return.”
David Skal
“There are demons at the edge of my vision. There are ghosts in the machine.”
Edgar Allen Poe

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bannatyne, Lesley Pratt. Halloween: An American Holiday, an American History.
Pelican Publishing Company, 1990.
Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulation. University of Michigan Press,
1994.
Chafets, Ze’ev. Devil’s Night: And Other True Tales of Detroit. Vintage Books,
1990.
Clover, Joshua. Riot. Strike. Riot: The New Era of Uprisings. Verso, 2016.
Colling, Herb. Turning Points: The Detroit Riot of 1967, A Canadian Perspective. Natural Heritage Books, 2003.
Cunliffe, Barry. The Celts: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press,
2003.
Davidson, Amy. “Darren Wilson’s Demon.” The New Yorker. http://www.
newyorker.com/news/amy-davidson/demon-ferguson-darren-wilson-fear-blackman. 26 Nov, 2014.
Ellis, Peter. The Celtic Revolution: A Study in Anti-imperialism. Y Lolfa, 1985
Evans, Arthur. Witchcraft and the Gay Counterculture. Fag Rag Books, 1978.
Federici, Silvia. Caliban and the Witch. Autonomedia, 2004.

Despite Halloween’s popularity across much of North America, its
history is poorly understood by many of its celebrants, likely due to
its dark, unsavory, and disorderly nature. Though its calendar date
and etymology are undeniably Christian (from “All Hallows’ Evening,” the night before All Saints’ Day on November 1st), the spirit
that animates this Halloween machine is commonly held to originate
from the pagan new year celebrations of the Keltoi people (or Celts)
of what is now known as Ireland (Rogers 11).
The Keltoi, whose name is likely derived from kel-, the Indo-European prefix for “hidden,” were a diverse constellation of Celtic-speaking

Fine, Sidney. Violence in the Model City: The Cavanagh Administration, Race
Relations, and the Detroit Riot of 1967. University of Michigan Press, 1989.
Janisse, Kier-La. “Introduction: Could it be...Satan?” Satanic Panic: Pop-Cultural
Paranoia in the 1980s, edited by Janisse, Kier-La and Corupe, Paul. Spectacular
Optical Publications, 2015. pp. 13-16.
Maciak, Barbara J. Preventing Halloween Arson in an Urban Setting: A Model
for Multisectoral Planning and Community Participation. Health Education and
Behavior, Vol. 25 No. 2, April 1998.
Moceri, Toni. Devil’s Night. Shrinking Cities, 2003.