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UPPER INTERMEDIATE

Language

LEADER

COURSEBOOK
and CD-ROM

David Cotton David Falvey Simon Kent

We are grateful to the following for permission to reproduce copyright material:

Text:
Extract adapted from "The only way to travel", The Times , 29 October 2006 (Lazell,
J.), copyright © NI Syndication Ltd 2006; Extract adapted from Short History of
Nearly Everything, Doubleday (Bryson, B. 2003), Reproduced with permission of The
Random House Group Ltd; Extracts adapted from The Wikipedia Foundation for
details about Bigelow Areospace, ebay Inc and Subculture, adapted from
www.wikipedia.org; Quote on page 7 from Speech- Dr. Martin Luther King- "I Have
a dream" 1963, Reprinted by arrangement with The Heirs to the Estate of Martin
Luther King Jr., c/o Writers House as agent for the proprietor New York, NY.
Copyright © 1963 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr; copyright renewed 1991 Coretta Scott
King; Quote on page 7 from a speech by Margaret Thatcher reprinted with permission
of www.tnargaretthatcher.org, the official website for the Margaret Thatcher
Foundation; Extract on page 11 adapted from You Just Don 't Understand: Women
and Men in Conversation, 1st Harper edition, New York: Morrow (Tannen, Deborah
1990) copyright © Deborah Tannen. Reprinted by permission; Extract on page 17
adapted from "Noisy neighbours and all the things that drive us mad", Evening
Standard, 30 October 2003 (Lydall, R.), copyright © Solo Syndication Ltd 2003;
Extract on page 18 adapted from "Polar bears are facing extinction in the wake of
retreating sea ice", The Independent, 15 September 2006 (Milmo, C.), copyright ©
The Independent 2006; Extract on page 30 adapted from "The Greatest ever
sportswoman? What a babe!", The Observer, 1 October 2006 (Henderson, J.),
copyright © Guardian News & Media Ltd 2006; Extract on page 72 adapted from
"200 mile high club", Building Magazine, Issue 19, 12 May 2000 (Pearson, A.), with
kind permission of Building Magazine; Extract on page 78 adapted from "Reviews exhibition house on the prairie", Socialist Review, Issue 187, June 1995 (Gibson, A.),
www.socialistreview.org.uk; Extract on page 114 adapted from "International
students & culture shock. What is culture shock?" August 2007, www.ukcisa.org.uk,
copyright © UK Council for International Student Affairs; Extract on page 126
adapted from "Lets not go back to nature", New Scientist, 3 March 2007 (Kurzweil,
R.), copyright © New Scientist 2007; Extract on page 158 from "Worldwide Cost of
Living Survey 2006/7" and "Worldwide Quality of living Survey 2007" published by
Mercer.

Picture sources:
(Key: b-bottom; c-centre; 1-left; r-right; t-top)
4Corners Images: Amantini Stefano 4 (content pge ), 113tr; Action Plus Sports
Images: Neil Tingle 32t (inset); Alamy Images: Adrian Muttitt 116t; Adrian Sherratt
64r; A lex Segre 48tc (A); Andrew Holt 25; ArkRe1igion.com 71 t; Art Kowalsky 159;
Bob Pardue 162t; Culliganphoto 93r; Dominic Burke 48b (C); Grant Farquhar 118r;
Hugh Thre1fall 1231 (A); Ian Homer 55; INTERFOTO Pressebildagentu 171tl;
INTERFOTO Pressebi1dagentur 96t; J Marshall - Tribaleye Images 1181; Mary Evans
Picture Library 166; Motoring Picture Library 48bl (B); Nigel Lloyd 49; Panorama
Media 112r; Paul Baldesare 104; Paul Ridsdale 17; Peter M. Wilson 54; Photofusion
Picture Library 22-23 ; Photos 12 107r; Popperfoto 7c, 85t; Richard Levine 82b;
Roger Bamber 96; Shinypix 123br (D); Yadid Levy 116b; AP Wide World Photos:
AP Wide World Photos 32b (inset); Axiom Photographic Agency Ltd: David
(E Constantine 67; Bridgeman Art Library Ltd: The Persistence of Memory, 1931 (oil

on canvas) by Dali, Salvador (1904-89) 4 (content), 90; Corbis: Artiga Photo 119; B.
Bird/zefa 168; C. Devan 169; Christopher Farina 68; CinemaPhoto 84tr; Clark
Dunbar 72; David Pu'u 32 (opener); Didier Robcis 861; Flip Schulke 7r; John Van
Hasselt 88; Julie Eggers 75br; MacduffEverton 4 (contents), 58; Marvin Koner 78;
Matthew Cavanaugh 124c; Michael S. Yamashita 95tr; Morgan David de Lossy 160;
Owen Franken 66r; Patrick Frilet 100; Paul Hardy 71; Rainer Holz/zefa 13t; Rick
Maiman 171bl; Robert Landau 173; Ronald Wittek/epa 85r; Tim Pannell110; Visuals
Unlimited 39bl; Wolfgang Kaehler 53t; Cover of You Just Don't Understand by
Deborah Tannen reproduced by kind permission of Virago, an imprint of Little,
Brown Book Group. 10; Mary Evans Picture Library: Chris Coupland 61r; Mary
Evans Picture Library 60; Frederic Buyle: Fred Buyle 4t (content), 6; Getty Images:
Alan Kearney 36; Alan Thornton 114; Alex Wong 87; Andrew H. Walker 94t; Barry
Gnyp 641; China Tourism Press 108-109; CHU Amiens via Getty Images 42r; Clive
Rose 171tr; Dia Max 4 (content), 102; Donald Miralle 171br; Ethan Miller 123tr (C);
Frans Lemmens 113b; Getty Images 97; Hulton archive 7; JeffHaynes/AFP 94; Jim
Bourg 841; Jim Dyson 95; Jo van den Berg 127; John Lamb 76; Juan Silver 75tl;
MarkS. Wexler 124t; Mark Thompson 35br; Pankaj Shah 112c; Panoramic Images
21; Phil Degginger 39br; Robert Glenn 164; Robert Mora/Wire Image 85b; Ron
Chapple 132; Scott Barbour 82t; Tim Graham 84br; Timothy Clary/AFP 31r; Tui De
Roy 4 (content), 16; Wilfried Krecichwost 4 (contents), 70; William Thomas Cain
124b; www.granger.com: Granger Collection 123r; Ronald Grant Archive: Lucas
Film 4 (content), 122; MGM/Ronald Grant Archive 62r (B); Robert Harding World
Imagery: Robert Frerck/Odyssey 44b; Hemera Photo Objects: Hemera Photo
Objects 30; iStockphoto: Stefan Witas 131; Kobal Collection Ltd: CBS-TV 106;
Hammer I The Kobal Collection 621 (A); MGM/United Artists/Sony 99; Magnum
Photos Ltd: Henri Cartier Bresson 92; Robert Cappa 93c; Masterfile UK Ltd: Joel
Benard 77; Marnie Burkhart 12b; Masterfile 8; Rick Gomez 13bc; Scott Tysick 128129; Wirelmage Stock 13 ; Panos Pictures: Heidi Bradner 113tl; Pearson Education
Ltd: Eve Coles 28; Penguin Books Ltd: Penguin Books Ltd 661; Photolibrary.com:
Photo1ibrary.com 4 (content), 12t, 13c, 18, 44t, 471, 48, 75bl, 75tr, 86r, 1121, 168r;
Press Association Images: AP/PA Photos 52; Fiona Hanson 95t; Steffen Schmidt
95cr; PunchStock: Bananastock/Teen Education 111; Reuters: Daniel Munoz 4
(content pge), 26; Regis Duvignau. 33t; Rex Features: John Downing 33b; Peter
Cook I View Pictures 79; Rex Features 351; Sipa Press 50-51; Stuart Clarke 27; Today
53b; Science Photo Library Ltd: Charles Bach 38; Dr Tony Brain 40; Hattie Young
47r; Solo Syndication: Solo Syndication 421; The Random House Group Ltd.: The
Random House Group Ltd 611; TopFoto: Topfoto 311; Topham/AP 1071; Tuca
Vieira: Tuca Vieira 4 (content), 80; Virago Press/Beth Green Studios: Virago
Press/Beth Green Studios 101; www.atsltd.co.uk: www.ats1td.co.uk SOt

Cover images: Front: Bilderberg: Prof. Dieter Leistner/ARTUR
All other images © Pearson Education
Every effort has been made to trace the copyright holders and we apologise in
advance for any unintentional omissions. We would be pleased to insert the
appropriate acknowledgement in any subsequent edition of this electronic product.

CONTENTS
Unit

Grammar

Vocabulary

Reading

1  Communication

The continuous aspect;
state verbs

Communication

Great speeches

Idioms connected with
communication

Leaflet advertising a course
in communication skills

(p6–15)

The perfect aspect

Extracts from You Just Don’t
Understand

2  Environment

Present perfect simple and
continuous

(p16–25)

Indirect questions

Local environmental issues
Word combinations: global
warming
Adverbs

Newspaper article about
local environmental issues
Newspaper article about
disappearing Arctic ice
Extract from A Short History
of Nearly Everything

3  Sport (p26–35)

Quantifiers; few / little vs a
few / a little

Idioms connected with
sport

Magazine article about
Charles Miller

Definite and zero articles

Prefix self-

Leaflet advertising a karate
club

Abstract nouns
Adjectives

Biographical article about
Babe Didrikson

Plans and arrangements:
future continuous, going to,
present continuous

Medical terms: people,
conditions and treatments

Encyclopaedia entries on
medical breakthroughs

Illness and medicine

Predictions: future perfect,
will

Dependent prepositions

Various types of
information about malaria

Modal verbs (future)

Transport: methods and
problems

Magazine article on road
safety

Safety features

Magazine article on
transport in the future

Review Units 1–3 (p36–37)

4  Medicine (p38–47)

5  Transport (p48–57)

Modal verbs (past)

Newspaper article about the
first face transplant

Magazine article on great
train journeys

6  Literature((p58–67)

Narrative tenses: past
simple, past continuous,
past perfect (simple and
continuous)
used to, would

Review Units 4–6 (p68–69)
LANGUAGE LEADER

upper intermediate

Literature: types of writing,
people in literature

Website on the Nobel Prize
for Literature

Word sets: light and dark,
sounds

Extracts from novels
Descriptions of characters in
literature

UNITS 1–6
Listening

Speaking/
Pronunciation

Scenario

Opinions on what makes a
good communicator

Discussing communication

Flat sharing

Introducing the
achievements of a wellknown person

Discussing trends (in
communication and
research)

Part of a radio series

Study and Writing
skills

Note-taking
Structure of talks
Key language: outlining
problems, offering solutions Note-taking
Task: solving communication Writing and checking emails
Register
problems
Peer checking

Sparrow Hill Wind Farm

Vox pops about where
people live

Information gap: comparing
the results of two surveys

Questions and answers
about volcanoes

Discussing changes in one’s
environment

Key language: agreeing and
disagreeing politely, polite
questions

Advice on designing
questionnaires

Preparing a factsheet about
volcanoes

Task: attending a public
meeting

Designing a questionnaire
Question types
Writing a questionnaire

Pronunciation: stress in word
combinations, contractions
Interview with a karate
teacher

Sports quiz

Who was the greatest?

Discussing sport and games

A lecturer giving advice on
essay writing

Discussing men and women
in sport

Key language: emphasis and
comparison
Task: choosing the greatest
modern sportsperson

Pronunciation: the definite
article

Talk by a professor about
issues with medical
treatments
A lecture on using the
Internet for research

Understanding essay
questions
Understanding key words
Essay writing
For and against essay
Introductions
Formal expressions

Assessing what makes a
good doctor

The Dowling Hospital
Key language: predicting

Evaluating resources on the
Internet

Discussing medical and
ethical issues

Task: making a difficult
decision

Writing short reports
Making recommendations

A new plan

Describing graphs, charts
and tables

Planning an awarenessraising day
Pronunciation: stressed
syllables

BBC news report about a
new type of transport

Discussing methods of
transport
Role play: road safety

Book group discussion
Monologues about
characters in literature
Book extracts

Key language: persuading,
recommending action

Discussing a difficult
journey

Task: making an action plan

Talking about books you
like/dislike

A book deal

Discussion about childhood
beliefs and practices
Pronunciation: used to

Key language: proposing,
bargaining, talking about
needs/expectations
Task: negotiating a contract

Describing information in a
table
Comparison and contrast

Improving listening skills
Predicting from clues
Guessing meaning of words
A travel blog
Adverbs of degree

LANGUAGE LEADER

upper intermediate

CONTENTS
Unit

Grammar

Vocabulary

Reading

7 Architecture

The passive (1): revision;
continuous passive and -ing
form; general use

Describing buildings

Personal opinions about
buildings

(p70–79)

The passive (2): revision;
passive infinitive; discourse
uses

8 Globalisation
(p80–89)

Idioms with bridge
Prefixes

Newspaper article about
hotels in space
Magazine article about
famous bridges

Verb patterns: verbs that
take both the infinitive and
-ing form

Word combinations:
globalisation

Internet message board
about globalisation

Abstract nouns

have something done

Word set: the media

Magazine article about the
power of the Internet
Magazine article about
global role models

9 Art (p90–99)

Ungradable adjectives; use
of very, really, extremely,
etc.

Art and artists

Position of adverbs in the
sentence

Order of adjectives before
a noun

Adverb/adjective
combinations

Leaflet advertising
exhibitions at an art gallery
Magazine article arguing for
photography as an art form
Three profiles of modern
artists

Review Units 7–9 (p100–101)

10 Psychology
(p102–111)

Relative clauses: comment
clauses, use of prepositions

Working together: verbs
with particles

Website about the Belbin
Model

Reduced relative clauses

Idioms with mind

Leaflet for parents about
peer pressure
Website on psychological
profiling

11 Culture (p112–121)

Reported speech

Aspects of culture

Reporting verbs

Adjectives

Website on aspects of
culture
Extracts from leaflet on
culture shock
Two opinions about cultural
awareness

12 Technology
(p122–131)

Conditionals (1): 1st, 2nd,
alternatives to if
Conditionals (2): 3rd, mixed

Technology
Adjectives connected with
technology
Prefixes expressing
opposites

Magazine article on
pioneers of communication
Website FAQs on the Amish
Article from The New
Scientist on fear of
technology

Review Units 10–12 (p132–133)
Language Reference and Extra Practice (p134–157) • Communication Activities (p158–174)
LANGUAGE LEADER

upper intermediate

UNITS 7–12
Listening

Speaking/
Pronunciation

Scenario

Study and Writing
skills

Interview with an architect

Discussing and describing
buildings

On the horizon

Identifying fact and opinion

Key language: talking about
requirements

A description of a building
Avoiding repetition: nouns,
verbs, clauses

Discussion about space
hotels
Comparing two bridges

Task: designing the ground
floor of a hotel

Pronunciation: word stress,
stress and intonation
Podcasts about globalisation Discussing positive and
negative aspects of
globalisation
Comparing good and bad
experiences

Conversation about
exhibitions and opinions of
them

Supermarket superpower
Key language: clarifying
Task: a TV debate

Discussion: what is art?

The new exhibition

Discussing works of art and
art exhibitions

Key language: sequencing
information, moving to a
new point

Describing photos and a
work of art

Summarising
Topic sentences
Paraphrasing
A summary
Editing to shorten

Expanding your vocabulary
Collocations
An online review
Adverbs

Task: giving an informal
presentation

Pronunciation: stress and
intonation

Part of a lecture on group
dynamics

Discussing team roles

Ask Vanessa

Organising a group activity

Key language: giving advice

Discussing crime books

Task: an advice phone-in

A discursive essay
Linking words
Conclusions

Kaleidoscope World

Improving reading skills
Chunking
Prefixes and suffixes
Linkers

Pronunciation: stress
patterns in adjective-noun
pairs
Vox pops about one’s own
culture
Monologue about
experiencing culture shock
Description of cultural
mistakes

Time capsule

Comparing two descriptions Key language: creating an
of changing cultures
impact in a presentation
Debate on cultural
differences

Task: giving a formal
presentation

Discussing technology and
its benefits

Computer crash

A radio discussion
Descriptions of gadgets and
opinions of them

Debate on the rate of
technological progress

Writing a bibliography,
referencing

A formal letter
Letter layout
Formulaic language

Plagiarism: what it is and
Key language: reassuring and how to avoid it
encouraging
An article
Identifying the writer’s
Task: problem-solving
position
meeting

Audioscripts (p175–190)
LANGUAGE LEADER

upper intermediate

Communication
1.1 GREAT COMMUNICATORS

Vocabulary
communication
idioms

Scenario
Flat sharing

Study skills
note-taking

I

.•........•.••......•..•...•................•.............•..•.......

SPEAKING AND VOCABUlARY

What....makes a good communicator?
. ........... .

1 In small groups, discuss these questions.

A good communicator is someone who:

1 Who do you communicate with every day? Do you
communicate well with them? Why I Why not?

2 Who is the best communicator you know? Why?
3 When did you last have a communication problem?

3

Who was it with? What happened?

2a Complete the sentences on the right with the
words in the box.

5

appearance charisma cultures digressions
eye humour language listener nerves
pace

rambler

7

vocabulary
0

2b

Which of the points do you agree/disagree
with? Is there anything else you would add?

l

usTENING

3

m

I

listen to seven people talking about what
makes a good communicator. Match the person with
the main point they make.

They ...

(E

4

Ask and answer the following questions.

1 How do you feel when someone interrupts you?

a) listen carefully.

e) don't confuse listeners.

2 What do you do when someone isn't paying
attention to you?

b) don't ramble. 1

f) explain clearly.

3 How do you deal with someone who is rambling?

c) clarify difficult
expressions.

g) don't interrupt.

4 What techniques do you use to explain
complicated things?

d) don't digress too often.

6

11

is a good
and shows interest in other
people.
has an awareness of body _ _
is not a
and doesn't get easily
sidetracked.
doesn't suffer from _ _ and is relaxed when
meeting new people.
is sensitive to people from other _ _ .•
has an extensive _ _
has a good sense of _ _
has an attractive
and is well dressed.
maintains
contact with the listener(s).
speaks at a reasonable
- not too fast
and not too slow.
has
and can hold the attention of the
Listener( s).
keeps to the point and doesn't have a lot of
long _ _

Communication

5 Is it always bad to digress when talking?

I

I

READING

Sa

6

What is the main topic of each
speech? Choose from the following.

Do you know of any great public speakers? What do you
know about any of the people in the photos?

a) clean forms of energy

5b

c) racial equality

Read the speeches below and try to match them with the
people.

b) the defence of liberty
d) moving into a new home
e) going to the moon

1

f) signing a treaty

'In the long history of the world, only a few generations have
been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of
maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility- I
welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange
places with any other people or any other generation. The energy,
the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light
our country and all who serve it. And the glow from that fire can
truly light the world .
And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can
do for you; ask what you can do for your country.
My fellow citizens of the world, ask not what America will do
for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.'
(1961)

2
'I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out
the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be selfevident, that all men are created equal."
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons
of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able
to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a
state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat
of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and
justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a
nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but
by the content of their character.
I have a dream today.' (1963)

3
'I know full well the responsibilities that await me as I enter the
door of No. 10 and I'll strive unceasingly to try to fulfil the trust
and confidence that the British people have placed in me and
the things in which I believe. And I would just like to remember
some words of St Francis of Assisi which I think are really just
particularly apt at the moment. "Where there is discord, may we
bring harmony. Where there is error, may we bring truth. Where
there is doubt, may we bring faith. And where there is despair,
may we bring hope."' (1979)

g) becoming prime minister

7a

Which speech does the following?
There is one extra option.
a) gives a warning
b) outlines a hope
c) asks people to make a choice
d) makes a promise

7b

Find examples in the speeches of
the following:
a) repetition
b) tripling (saying things in threes), e.g.
past, present and future; the sun, moon
and stars
c) contrast, e.g. love ,.. hate
d) a quote (repeating another person's
words exactly)

8

'Good communicators are born, not
made.' Do you agree with this statement?

9a m

Now listen to the speeches.
Which impresses you most? Why?

9b

listen again and follow the text.
Mark where the speaker pauses and
which words they emphasise. Practise
saying one of the speeches.

I

WRITING

I

10

Write the beginning of your own
speech. Choose from the following
situations.
1 the opening of a new building
2 accepting an award for an achievement
3 your hope for the future of your town

Corn mu nication

7


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