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ART HISTORY

VOLUME TWO | FOURTH EDITION

ART HISTORY
MARILYN STOKSTAD

Judith Harris Murphy Distinguished Professor of Art History Emerita
The University of Kansas

MICHAEL W. COTHREN
Scheuer Family Professor of Humanities
Department of Art, Swarthmore College

CONTRIBUTORS
Frederick M. Asher, David A. Binkley, Claudia L. Brittenham,
Claudia Brown, Patricia J. Darish, Patricia J. Graham,
Carol S. Ivory, D. Fairchild Ruggles, and Joy Sperling

Prentice Hall

Editorial Director: Craig Campanella
Editor-in-Chief: Sarah Touborg
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and Ron Walko
Cover Printer: Lehigh-Phoenix Color
Printer/Binder: Courier/Kendallville

This book was designed by
Laurence King Publishing Ltd, London
www.laurenceking.com
Commissioning Editor: Kara Hattersley-Smith
Senior Editors: Melissa Danny/Sophie Page
Production Manager: Simon Walsh
Page Design: Nick Newton/Randell Harris
Photo Researcher: Emma Brown
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Johanna Stephenson
Proofreader: Jennifer Speake
Indexer: Sue Farr

Cover photo: Peter Paul Rubens, Self-Portrait with Isabella Brandt. 1609 1610. Oil on canvas, 5*9+ , 4*5+
(1.78 , 1.36 m). Alte Pinakothek, Munich. Blauel/Gnamm/Artothek.
Credits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this
textbook appear on the appropriate page within text or on the credit pages in the back of this book.
Copyright © 2011, 2008, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, 1 Lake St., Upper
Saddle River, New Jersey, 07458. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This
publication is protected by copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any
prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. For information regarding permission(s), please
submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions Department, 1 Lake St., Upper Saddle
River, NJ 07458.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Stokstad, Marilyn
Art History / Marilyn Stokstad, Michael W. Cothren; contributors,
[eg al.]. 4th ed.
Frederick M. Asher
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN-13: 978-0-205-74422-0 (hardcover : alk. paper)
ISBN-10: 0205-74422-2 (hardcover : alk. paper)
1. Art History. I. Cothren, Michael Watt. II. Asher, Frederick M. III
Title.
N5300.S923 2011
2010001489
709 dc22
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

ISBN 10: 0-205-74421-4
ISBN 13: 978-0-205-74421-3

BRIEF CONTENTS
CONTENTS v
PREFACE xiii
WHAT S NEW xv
PEARSON CHOICES AND RESOURCES xviii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND GRATITUDE xix USE NOTES xxi
STARTER KIT xxii
INTRODUCTION xxvi

17

FOURTEENTH-CENTURY ART
IN EUROPE 528

18

FIFTEENTH-CENTURY ART IN
NORTHERN EUROPE 560

19
20
21
22
23
24

RENAISSANCE ART IN FIFTEENTHCENTURY ITALY 592
SIXTEENTH-CENTURY ART IN ITALY

25
26
27
28
29

630

SIXTEENTH-CENTURY ART IN NORTHERN
EUROPE AND THE IBERIAN PENINSULA 676
SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY ART IN EUROPE

710

ART OF SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA
AFTER 1200 770
CHINESE AND KOREAN ART AFTER 1279

CONTEMPORARY WORLD MAP 1136

790

GLOSSARY 1137

JAPANESE ART AFTER 1333

812

ART OF THE AMERICAS AFTER 1300
ART OF PACIFIC CULTURES

834

858

ART OF AFRICA IN THE MODERN ERA

878

EIGHTEENTH- AND EARLY NINETEENTHCENTURY ART IN EUROPE AND NORTH
AMERICA 902

30

MID- TO LATE NINETEENTH-CENTURY ART IN
EUROPE AND THE UNITED STATES 960

31
32

MODERN ART IN EUROPE AND THE
AMERICAS, 1900 1950 1016
THE INTERNATIONAL SCENE SINCE 1950

BIBLIOGRAPHY 1146

CREDITS 1158

1082

INDEX 1161
V

CONTENTS
PREFACE xiii
WHAT S NEW xv
GRATITUDE xix
USE NOTES xxi

CHAPTER

17

PEARSON CHOICES AND RESOURCES xviii
STARTER KIT xxii
INTRODUCTION xxvi

FOURTEENTH-CENTURY ART
IN EUROPE 528

FOURTEENTH-CENTURY EUROPE

530

ITALY 531
Florentine Architecture and Metalwork
Florentine Painting 534
Sienese Painting 540

589

566

* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
The Ghent Altarpiece 576
* A CLOSER LOOK
A Goldsmith in his Shop
551

CHAPTER

* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS
A New Spirit in Fourteenth-Century Literature
The Black Death 548
* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
An Ivory Chest with Scenes of Romance

531

RENAISSANCE ART IN
FIFTEENTH-CENTURY ITALY

FLORENCE 594
Architecture 595
Sculpture 602
Painting 609
Painting in Florence after Masaccio

544

594

612

CHAPTER

BOXES

562

ART FOR THE FRENCH DUCAL COURTS 562
Painting and Sculpture for the Chartreuse de Champmol
Manuscript Illumination 566
Textiles 568
PAINTING IN FLANDERS 571
The Founders of the Flemish School 571
Painting at Mid Century: The Second Generation

592

ITALIAN ART IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE FIFTEENTH
CENTURY 615
Urbino 615
Mantua 620
Rome 621
The Later Fifteenth Century in Florence 622
Venice 627

FIFTEENTH-CENTURY ART IN
NORTHERN EUROPE 560

THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE

19

590

HUMANISM AND THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE
552

550

* TECHNIQUE
Buon Fresco 537
Cennino Cennini on Panel Painting

581

* TECHNIQUE
Oil Painting 571
Woodcuts and Engravings on Metal

BOXES

18

THE GRAPHIC ARTS
Single Sheets 589
Printed Books 589

583

* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS
Altars and Altarpieces 564
Women Artists in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE 555
Mysticism and Suffering 555
The Supremacy of Prague 557

* A CLOSER LOOK
The Hours of Jeanne d Évreux

EUROPE BEYOND FLANDERS
France 584
Germany and Switzerland 586

BOXES
531

FRANCE 547
Manuscript Illumination 547
Metalwork and Ivory 549
ENGLAND 551
Embroidery: Opus Anglicanum
Architecture 554

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND

580

562

* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS
The Competition Reliefs 601
The Morelli Nerli Wedding Chests

616

* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
The Foundling Hospital 598
* A CLOSER LOOK
Primavera 626
* TECHNIQUE
Renaissance Perspective

608
CONTENTS

VII

CHAPTER

20

BOXES

SIXTEENTH-CENTURY ART
IN ITALY 630

EUROPE IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY

* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS
The Castle of the Ladies 690
Sculpture for the Knights of Christ at Tomar
Armor for Royal Games 707
* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
Breugel s Cycle of the Months

632

ITALY IN THE EARLY SIXTEENTH CENTURY: THE HIGH
RENAISSANCE 632
Three Great Artists of the Early Sixteenth Century 633
Architecture in Rome and the Vatican 650
Architecture, Painting, and Sculpture in Northern Italy 650
Venice and the Veneto 654

ART AND THE COUNTER-REFORMATION 666
Art and Architecture in Rome and the Vatican 666
LATER SIXTEENTH-CENTURY ART IN VENICE AND THE
VENETO 670
Oil Painting 670
Architecture: Palladio 672
BOXES
The Vitruvian Man 637
St. Peter s Basilica 651
Women Patrons of the Arts 658
Veronese is Called before the Inquisition

CHAPTER

21

SIXTEENTH-CENTURY ART IN
NORTHERN EUROPE AND THE
IBERIAN PENINSULA 676
678

GERMANY 679
Sculpture 679
Painting 681
689

692

THE NETHERLANDS 696
Art for Aristocratic and Noble Patrons
Antwerp 700

CONTENTS

712

ITALY 712
Architecture and Sculpture in Rome
Painting 718

712

729

FRANCE 755
Architecture and its Decoration at Versailles
Painting 759

BOXES
* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS
Science and the Changing Worldview
Grading the Old Masters 764
* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
Caravaggio in the Contarelli Chapel
* A CLOSER LOOK
Allegory of Sight 740

FRANCE 689
A French Renaissance under Francis I

ENGLAND 705
Artists in the Tudor Court
Architecture 708

BAROQUE

ENGLAND 765
Architecture 765

THE REFORMATION AND THE ARTS

VIII

646

640

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL
Architecture 694
Painting 694

22

705

696

680

SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY ART
IN EUROPE 710

FLANDERS AND THE NETHERLANDS
Flanders 735
The Dutch Republic 742

671

* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
Raphael s Cartoons for Tapestries in the Sistine Chapel
* A CLOSER LOOK
The School of Athens

704

SPAIN 729
Painting in Spain s Golden Age
Architecture in Spain 734

* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS

702

* TECHNIQUE
German Metalwork: A Collaborative Venture

CHAPTER

MANNERISM 659
Painting 660
Sculpture 665

* A CLOSER LOOK
The French Ambassadors

693

* ELEMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE
Garden Design 760
* TECHNIQUE
Etchings and Drypoint

748

756

722

735

758

CHAPTER

23

BOXES

ART OF SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST
ASIA AFTER 1200 770

INDIA AFTER 1200
Buddhist Art 772
Jain Art 773
Hindu Art 774

772

* A CLOSER LOOK
Spring Dawn in the Han Palace

INDIA S ENGAGEMENT WITH THE WEST
British Colonial Period 786
The Modern Period 787

786

* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS
Foundations of Indian Culture 774
Tantric Influence in the Art of Nepal and Tibet

776

* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
Luxury Arts 782
* A CLOSER LOOK
Private Audience Hall, Fatehpur Sikri

25

JAPANESE ART AFTER 1333

MUROMACHI PERIOD
Zen Ink Painting 814
The Zen Dry Garden

BOXES

780

784

798

* TECHNIQUE
Formats of Chinese Painting 797
The Secret of Porcelain 799

CHAPTER

MUGHAL PERIOD 778
Mughal Architecture 779
Mughal Painting 781
Rajput Painting 784

* TECHNIQUE
Indian Painting on Paper

793

* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
Poet on a Mountaintop 802

THE BUDDHIST AND HINDU INHERITANCE IN SOUTHEAST
ASIA 777
Theravada Buddhism in Burma and Thailand 777
Vietnamese Ceramics 778
Indonesian Traditions 778

CHAPTER

24

* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS
Foundations of Chinese Culture
Marco Polo 794

814

816

MOMOYAMA PERIOD 817
Architecture 818
Decorative Paintings for Shoin Rooms
The Tea Ceremony 820

YUAN DYNASTY

792

793

MING DYNASTY 795
Court and Professional Painting 796
Decorative Arts 798
Architecture and City Planning 799
The Literati Aesthetic 800
QING DYNASTY 804
Orthodox Painting 805
Individualist Painting 805
THE MODERN PERIOD

806

828

831

BOXES
* ART AND ITS CONTEXTS
Foundations of Japanese Culture

THE MONGOL INVASIONS

818

EDO PERIOD 821
Rinpa School Painting 821
Naturalistic Painting 824
Literati Painting 825
Ukiyo-e: Pictures of the Floating World 826
Zen Painting: Buddhist Art for Rural Commoners
Crafts 828
THE MODERN PERIOD 830
Meiji-period Nationalist Painting
Japan After World War II 831

CHINESE AND KOREAN ART
AFTER 1279 790

812

817

* THE OBJECT SPEAKS
Lacquer Box for Writing Implements

822

* A CLOSER LOOK
Kosode Robe 829
* ELEMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE
Shoin Design 819
* TECHNIQUE
Inside a Writing Box 824
Japanese Woodblock Prints

826

* RECOVERING THE PAST
Craftspeople as Living National Treasures

832

ARTS OF KOREA: THE JOSEON DYNASTY TO THE MODERN
ERA 807
Joseon Ceramics 807
Joseon Painting 808
Modern Korea 810

CONTENTS

IX


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