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Plantar Fasciitis Causes and Treatments.pdf


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1. Plantar Fasciitis Causes and Treatments
Plantar fasciitis is the medical terminology used to describe
inflammation of the plantar fascia, which is the ligament that
supports the longitudinal arch of the foot. The plantar fascia is a
tough, fibrous band of connective tissue that runs from the heel
bone to the bones in the ball of the foot and is perhaps the strongest
ligament in the human body. The disease is caused by repetitive
strain to this ligament and is the most common cause of heel pain.
The plantar fascia flattens and lengthens when a person stands and
applies weight to the foot. The plantar fascia shortens or contracts
when a person sits or lies down. Walking, running, and jumping
repeatedly shortens and lengthens the plantar fascia over and over
again and can result in strain.
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Symptoms of plantar fasciitis include a dull pain in the heel or arch
that comes and goes. This dull pain can increase to a sharp, constant
pain over time. Other symptoms may include a noticeable tightness
of the calf muscles. A slightly different pain related indicator of
plantar fasciitis could be a very sharp pain and/or inflammation of
the heel or foot in the morning or after resting the feet for long
periods of time which then slowly subsides after walking or some
other activity that allows the plantar fascia to gradually 'warm-up'.
Plantar fasciitis is frequently caused by an abrupt or sudden increase
in activity or exercise. It is another of the 'weekend warrior' type
injuries. Plantar fasciitis can also result from both 'fallen arches' or
'flat feet' as well as from a person having high arches. The
development of problems with the arches in the foot in these cases
usually results from individuals wearing shoes that offer little or no
foot or arch support and/or very thin soles. Gaining a significant