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Plantar Fasciitis Causes and Treatments.pdf

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amount of weight over a short amount of time can also result in
excessive stress on the plantar fascia and pain and inflammation in
the heel or arch. Other potential causes include: running uphill, on
the balls of the feet, or on uneven surfaces. Plantar fasciitis also
appears to be related to genetics as cases of plantar fasciitis are
frequently reported by individuals that have other family members
who suffer from the same condition.
Plantar fasciitis can be treated with the help of a physician, physical
therapist, chiropractor, athletic trainer, or another medical
professional that is familiar with the causes of strain and
inflammation. Treatment may consist of stretching and exercise to
increase the flexibility of the plantar fascia and other surrounding
joints and tissues. Massage, heat, and/or electrical stimulation or
ultrasound may be applied to reduce the pain, promote healing of
the damaged tissues, and/or increase the extensibility of the tendons
and ligaments of the foot. Ice and/or iontophoresis using a
corticosteroid may also be used to reduce the inflammation in the
plantar fascia. An insole or custom orthotic may be prescribed or a
brace or tape may be applied to provide additional foot support to
avoid further strain. Finally, an individual suffering from plantar
fasciitis may be instructed to wear a splint on the affected foot
during the night which keeps the plantar fascia in a somewhat
stretched or elongated position so that it cannot shorten or contract
during extended rest and become inflamed and irritated when it is
re-stretched in the morning.