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Karl Marx .pdf



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Press,

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De Agostini Picture Library

ForeMilff KoMyHr4cr
ua 5poeeere:
l-lera ua nlpaun 6poil: i,50 rs.
ljeHa ua cne4eaqrre 6poeBe: 3,70 nB.

[eua

"Kanurarbr"

(Das Kapital)

Bcuqxn rexcroee ca 3a14ilTeHil c aBTopcxu npaaa.3a6parero e
Bb3npoil3BexiqaHeTo,

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norbpcere Hil Ha reneooH (02 489 95 S3lunnau u3nparere e-mail na a4pec info@deagostini.bg.
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npeTbpnfiBa 3HaLJilTerHo pa3BnTne, KoeTo npeAr3BnKBa
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cf oeBe Ha o6r4ecrBoro. Xopara ca n pil HyAe HtA Aa ce cn pa Bfir
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3anogHaea ce c Oprgpux Enrenc.

Mapxc ce xeHn ga XeHr

1844 fl

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Ha

"l-epmano-QpeHcKil roAurunrx" (Deutsch-Franzosische Jahrbi.icher).

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Cts4asanero xa KomyxucrrqecKnn cbto3.

1848 $

Viz6yxea OeepyapcKara peBonroqun e

flapux.

llonara ce Haqafloro na "Horie Pafiuuule l-larlrynr" (Neue Rheinische Zeitung).
Maprc ce npeMecrBa

1859 fi

a

Iou4ou.

lAznn3a HeroBnflr rpyg"Kpmnxa Ha nonrrrqecKara uxonorurxa" (Kritik der Politischen Okonomie).

mafirara na Mapxc, Xenprera.

1864 fl

Cta4aBaHero na
Ha

lltpeun ilHrepHaqilonan (lnternational l), r43BecreH cbr{o

t4

xaro MexgyHapogHa acoquaqnn

pa6ornuqrre.

Aznvsa nbpBl4flr roM na "Kanurantr" (Das Kapital).
O6neseaHe na flapuxxara KoMyHa.
Vlsnvsa " Kpnt nxa Ha ForcKara

Pa:nycxaxe ua
Yrrnnpa

llrpern

n

porpaua".

ilHrepHaqiloHan.

cbnpyrara na Maprc, Xenr.

Ha 14 uapr Mapxc yMupa e flongon.
lAznnsa Bropyrrr roM Ha "Kanvranbr" (Das Kapital).
YupegeH e Bropnnr uHrepHaqiloHan.

pa6orHnvecxo ABilxeHue o6seRea or6enseeaHero na 1 mafi xaro AeH Ha rpy4a.
Vlsnusa

rperilflr roM

Ha 5 aarycr s

Ha

"Kanrranrr" (Das Kapital).

loxgon yM[pa

tDptt4pr,rx Enrenc.

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QnrocoS
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AororaBarlrHoro AeneHe Ha o6rqecrBoro Ha apucroKparlnrr u o6uruoBeHrr rpaxAaH1a.
llorssear ce Kall4Tanvcrvre upaloruvtrlr4Te rrJrrr Ka3aHo [o Apyr Har{[H
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ABulKeHu_s
u 6op6u. B ceorre rpyAoBe Kapn Mapr<c noAnara Ha ocrpa KpHrr4Ka ra3kr evcreMa,

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To3z rroBeK rr KaKBo BAbxHoB.rrea 6esnperleAeHTHara My npo3oprueocr?

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lloprper na Kapn Mapxc

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B

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ro3u nepiloA rol4 :artp6ea

o6yvexueto cu il ce orAaBa
Ha pa3BfleqeHt4fl.

Bnro6eHmflr 6oxenn
CraH na

rcprrcr

HA xIX B. 6enexr KpaF Ha enoxara,
lceupaana c ynpaBneHnero Ha HanoneoH, rofiro

If-AqAnoro

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6ercnopuo e fl3TbKHara nonilTilqecKa Srarypa, ycnnna

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Eepona, 6naro4apeHue Ha HeHaAMilHarvfl ca4 TanaHr
Ha nbflKoBoAeLl r nontaTrK. Tofi ce caMonpoBb3rna_
cffBa 3a ilMneparop ua OpaHqran npea 1g04 r. EgHa

cfleA Apyta eeponefrcrrre crpaHil craBar xeprBt4

or Hero aohnn. ynpaeneHrero My Bce
naK ce oKa3Ba KparKo r npilKntoqBa 4o ig13 r., Ho
Ha Bo.qeHnre

eHacr 6up:u npoMeHl4 B HaqiloHarHure aAMilHytcrpaTr4BHr4 cl4creMil Ha crpaHilTe,3aBna4eHu or HanoneoH.

lepuaHun e pa34eneHa Ha 30 manxu AbpxaBil, Kor4ro
cne4 BueHcrnr. KoHrpec or i814-1g15 r. ce o6e4raHrBar B [epmaxcra xonQegepaqr,rn - aKI, xorlro rua
cr46ouocHo 3HaqeHfie 3a flonnrltqecroro 6u4eu1e na
Eepona.

Kapn Mapxc

e poAeH ra 5 ruail iglg r., egaa

HFKonKo foAuHtA cne4 :S[gH6Kt4fl KoHrpec, B ManKoro rpaAqe Tprzrp (o6nacr perln B repMaHcKara
npoBr4Ht-lltff llpycwa, Koflro uMa BoAeqa ponfl B
KonQe4epar4anra). PogHunr My AoM ce HaMilpa Ha
ynraqa rpara pera Mo:en. Toea e BpeMeHHa KBap-

rnpa, Haera,or,6aqara camo Mece.q npe,Ayl paxAaHero Ha c!4Ha Mii KoflTo:ceMefiCreoro:HanycKa, cne4
Karo Eerero HasupLuea ABe rogr4Hr4. Heroeunr 6au1a
Xarlupux e a4sorar, xorlro ce paABa Ha AoBephe or

B

M03ea, KoFro reqe Kpafi rpaAa.

B

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Ha HanoneoH.3a eugnuraHilero Ha Aeqara ce rpnxil
uarlrara Xeupnera. Po4rrenrre Ha Maprc ca eBpeu
no npou3xoA. po 1826 r. e cer\4elZcreoro Beqe ilMa
qert,tpilMa crHa il nerAbqepn. Kapn erperr no pox_
AeHre, Ho rrfi Karo no-roreMnflT My 6par yrunpa e
paHHa BercKa Bb3pacL
cvtH vt oT

rorl ce ora:ea Hair-roneurRr
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cra.

Ilpunrelra or Aerr{HcrBo
3anncBa Aa y+v B rrMHa3ilFTa e Tprap. vveHraero rrlty
ce or4aBa ornrqHo, Ho He e AocrarbqHo o6r4rareneH il HffMa MHoto npilFrenn. Epnn or MarKoro My

e Egrap Son Becr$aneH, rororo Kapn
oqe npeAu Aa nocrbnil e yunnrqero. 6aL4a
uy XafiHpnx r 6aqara Ha Egrap, 6apoH /lygenr $oH
BecrQaneH, ca MHoro go6pr npunrenil u AeLlara uM
npuflrenil

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vtpaqT 3aeAHO Or ManKil.
6apoH QoH Becr$anen e apilcroKpar no npoil3xoA
14 B Cblr.loTo BpeMe 3aeMa BilcoK nocT B npaBilrenlrBoro na.llpygun. Toea o6aqe cbBceM He ro npaBn
aporaHTeH n BucoKoMepeH. Kapn 4o rofiFMa creneH e noBtl4iH or Hero oqe B paHHilTe ch MraAexKil

,( 5ox e po4xnnr rpa4
xa Iypenr eaH 6eroBeH.
Toaa e

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BaT C

npe6ilBaBaHe B 3aTBOpa.

Tosu xaqilH Ha xrBor 3anoqBa Aa rpeBoxr4 6aqara
Ha MapKc, KofiTo Bb3nara rorreMr HaAexALl Ha crHa
cn. XafiHpr4x peuaBa Aa ro npeMecril B yHilBepcrrera

x'utvt

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peKa PeliH. Kapn MapKc

x4Bee TyK Karo cryAeHr
B npoAbnxeHre Ha eAHa

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u 6e3rp[xHl4n

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no-KbcHo ce npeMecTsa B
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My

qe Hacoqr

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c14

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Ho HaAexAnre My cKopo pyxBar

Xenu $on BecrSanen

cryAeHrcKr4

- Kapn

ce Bnlo6Ba.

Korro cram
HeroBrre '{yBcrBa. TR e onnceaHa Karo HafiKpacuBara cpeA xy6aBnllilre Ha Tpilp. Ha 22 ro+uuu
XeHH eeqe e orxBbpnrra HflKonKo npeAnoxeHiln 3at
6par na Mnagexu or Tpr,rp. 3a ceofi 6ugeq cbnpyr
AeBofiKara wz6npa npilFrenfl cu or AerilHcrBo Kapn,
KorlTo e c qerilpr4 foAtAHtA no-MnaA or Hefl. l-lo apeme
e Mfiagara xeHa,

o6eKr Ha

roAilHr4.

SapoHtr cbu.lo e BneqarneH or paHo npofl-

Br4r14fl Ce ilHTereKT Ha CrHa Ha CBOF

AO6bp nprflTen.

il qeHrren
rrilTeparypara Kapn craBa crpacreH noqnrarefl Ha
TBopqecrBoro ua YrnRu lllercnup. Tasil ceoR crpacr

llog enrRHue

Ha ro3t4 vcrtAHcKvt no3HaBaq

Ha

npe: 1836 r. Kapn Mapxc ce
Bpbula B poAH]4ff cu rpaA u npn3HaBa qyBcTBaTa cvr
KbM XeHn.,Qeannara ce croArBal 6er ga noracxar 6nafocfloBr4flTa n cbtlacileTo Ha cBouTe poArreflu.
Ha rflrHara BaKaHqilfl

rorl ganagea npe3 qenilR cr xr4Bor.
Celnerlcreo OoH BecrQaneH

XeHr, xoRro e c ner

roAtAHtA

r4Ma rqbulepfl Ha nMe
no-Bb3pacrHa or E4rap.

llacrnneunr Kapn cuo6qaBa

Kapn u XeHu ca npilflTenil or AercKilre c[4 roAvrHu, Ho
BnocneAcrBre orHoueHuflTa uu ce ra4un6oqaBar.

llper 1835 r. Kapn

3aBbpurBa cpeAHo yqunhule.

l1pe4n gunnoMupaHero cn toh noArorBn ece Ha
reMa "PasMucnilre Ha eAuH Mragex" npu ras6op
Ha npoQecrn. flo cur4ecreo roBa e eAHo ornr4qHo
AOKa3aTenCTBO

3a HefoBl4fl n[CaTeICKl4 TaIaHT

yl

6necrnq rHrefleKT. B roea cBoe npoil3Be4eHue
Maprc ce o6pur4a KbM ilAerre ua nrrrxHaru $peH-

cKil npeAcraBtaTenil ua llpoceeqeHrero,

Ha poAurerilre cH

3a rogexa. Oveeu4Ho e/ qe eAhH noAo6en 6par e coquanHo HepaBeH 3apa4il pa3ntaqHoro
o6qecrBeHo nonoxeHile Ha ceMeficrBara. OcBeH
roBa Kapn Bce oqe e cryAeHT il He e B cbcroflH[e Aa
r43A'bpxa ceMettcrBo. Po4urenrre Ha xeHn orxBbprflT HanbllHo ilAeflTa il KoraTo ToBa cTaBa fcHo, ABaMara Bnlo6eHu ocb3HaBal qe Hilu{o He e B cbcroflHue Aa npoMeHr o6croffTeflcrBara il He Morar Aa
pa3qilTaT Ha 6narocnoerflTa Ha poAilTenuTe cl4 B
HoB14Hara

Kol4To

qeHFT Ml4cbflTa npeAn BCilr-tKO.

6nuzro BpeMe.

EuyAnunr cltr

nK6s,str@

Kapn npo4rnxaea o6paroBaHuero cn B ropr4At4qecKnfl Saxynrer Ha yHIBepcylrera B 6oH n B Haqa-

Bb3H14KBAH E 14 PA3BUTUE
HA COUI4 AnnCTUq ECKATA UAEf,

noro il3rnexAa ronKoBa norbrHar or o6yvenuero

cr,

ve 6aqa My ro cbBerBa Aa He ce il3rou{aBa npeKafleHo MHoro c yueHe. Bctr4Hocr Kapn ce il3roqaBa eAilHcTBeHo no BpeMe Ha tynnnTe c npilRrenr.

Tofi e salnecrHrK-npe4ceAarefl Ha rny6a Ha cryfleHrilre or Tpup u rrrxHoro Moro e Aa ce nre KonKoro
Moxe no-qecro. Kapn ce or4aBa c raKaBa crpacr Ha
roea sa6aeneHne, qe qecro Hapyulaea o6r4ecreeHun peA, npeA[3Br4KBailrn euw aHuero Ha na3rre-

rilTe

Ha 3aKoHa.

llo4o6Hu ct6vttva qecro 3aBbpru-

roraro Kapr MapKc e
Oqe oHoua/ B pa3Bhrltrre B uHAycrpuanHo
orHouleHile crpaHn, Karo Anmva u Opatqun,
ce rn6rrc4aea pa3pacTBaHe xa pa6orxuuecxrre
flBuxeHnr. Pa6ornuqecrara Maca, HapuqaHa
oqe nponerapual 3anoqBa fla urpae Bce noBaxHa ponfl Ha cBeToBHaTa ilcropuqecKa cqeHa.
fiopr u e l-epuaxun, B Konro riHAycrpyranmaMe>r<gy 1830 ta'lB4O r.,

BCe

qnflTa He e rorKoBa HanpegHan4 ce m6nro4aea
pa3BnTile Ha KnacoBoTo cb3HaHne B p€IloBere Ha
pa6orxrarlune or marraQarrypnure npe4npurilnn.

v

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co6creesocr Ha fepmarcxara coquanAeMoKpar[qecKa pa6orHnvecxa

naprfffi, a noracronqeu QyxKqroHhpa Karo My3efi 3a xuBora u
AeftHocrra Ha Kapn MapKc.

Kpue npuqilHaTa 3a HeBb3MoxHocTE rronr4+.
Hr4flT Cor]ila,lil3bM Aa Ce Bb3npueMe OT npone
Tapilara. Teru n4eu Aopr4 orqacril ca Bb3npt,teMaHu Karo "ytonwunv", npeABuA

il

4a ce oQoprvrn rr,rapxcurcrxara QunocoQnn, coqranHuTe npeAnocTaBKyr, Kor4To Ao To314 MoMeHT

ca npeqKa 3a ocbqecrBflBaHe Ha coquaflhcTlrqecKhTe uAeu, ce npoMeHflT.

nogqepr?rBar Henpeo4o

nnMmre npon4Bopeq4ff MexAy KantTanu3ua u
cor.luanucTuqecKute t[Aev, Kor4To no cbqecTBo

Qr,uocoQ, nphBbpxeHilK

ca v AAeu Ha nponeraphara. Toea eogra Ao nonBaTa Ha yronuqHilR coquaah3bM, qnhro flpKr4

coquanr:tlit. Toi e egnu

npeAcraBrffenil ca aHrfiuqaH!4Hbr Po6tpr Oyen
u Qpanqyeure lllapn Oyprae ra Kao4 Axpra CexCumon. llgerare, Kor4To

re uenoengeal

o6ave

ce ocHoBaBar Ha He4ocrarbqHoro par6upaue
Ha cbu.lHocTTa Ha KannTarn3Ma

u

B ToBa ce

ue ca

nocThrHaT peanHu pe3ynTaTr4, KorlTo fla AoBeAaT
n go geficreurenHu npoMeHil. Koraro ganoqBa

Ha6nro4aeafirra BcyrrrKvr re3u nenexuR, Quno-

coQure onpegenflr

{arm

nilueHh or noruKara, Heo6xofluma, 3a Aa ce

)

Ceu-Cnuon

- Qpexcrn

Ha uAef,Ta 3a yronuqHilf,
oT nbpBnTe HeroBtl

npeAcraBhrenr, MaKap
'{e npox3xoxAa or
n3BecrHo ceMef,crBo,

npilHaAnexaqo KbM
QpeHcKara aphcroKpaqrfl

.

ilupBvr cpe ury c QilnocoQcKara
HayqHa Mncbn
3anJraAssaqara crrJra Ha clopa

(

rero

cE TIIEMECTBA B yHuBepcyrrera e SepnnH, Maprc He caMo qe He ce
nocBeu{aBa Ha HayKure, xo rafi-vecro npeKapBa BpeMero cu, ulnuceaitKr no noreC-rrB.4

Tara Ha rerpaAKure cu ilMero Ha XeHu

nuuefrxn fi nucma. E4uHcreeHoro

AeMoKparu3aqtrnra. C xpancrr gexper rori
npoKapBa npreMaHero Ha KoHcn4ryqrn u
ycKopflBa MoAepHu3aqurra Ha npycng qpe3

MacrTa Ha aAMnHl4cTpaTuBHaTa cucTeMa.

nnr

o6rqa.

cMbprra Ha 6aqa My B'bpxy HaqrHa

XafiHpux Maprc e roflKoBa r3yMeH or roflfl-

np6oe

My Ha

Xexn, ue My AaBa
Aa ce oxeH!4 3a Her, npeAu

or

Ha cuHa cu KbM

6narocnoeilRra

cr

Ha

peaKquoHHoTo Asr4xeHne, HacoqeHo cpeu.ry

My 3aHil-

MaHue e Aa Mtacn]4 3a xeHara, xoqro
turara

Opr,rApnx Bunxenm lV, xpan na

llpycur. OcHoerunr ABt,traren

xrBot

e, t{e Beqe e oceo6o4eH

poAuTencKaTa oneKa.

OcnrypnnaHe Ha pa6ora

roBa Aa HanpaBh ceiveficreo Oon BecrQanen.
Btnperu 4tn6orure cn qyBcrBa ruru Xexu, Kapn

B peaJrHr{fl cBflT

flocTeneHHo 3anoqBa Aa oTAenfl Bce noBeqe BH4MaHue il Ha cBoero o6paroeaHne. Oco6eHo roflrM r4HTe-

Maprc nanunno u3ocmBfl o6yvenrerq xoero 6ra nrry
ocnrypffio B'b3MoxHocrra Aa pa6ona Karo aABoKar, il

pec rofi nporBrBa KbM ugeure Ha Feopr Xeren, rofrro

ta:qnno ce nocBeqaBa Ha geirHocrra cu e ",[orropcrnn
wry6".Epvtt or qreHoBere Ha ro3r4 rrry6 e 6pyno 6ayep

e BoAeqa $rrypa B HeMcKara

$ranocoQran

no

roBa

-

e 6epnurn.,{oxaro pa6oru xaro
acucreHr B KareApara no reonorhfl, rofr ny6nuvHo ce o6r-

epeme. Xeren nocraBs AnaneKruKara B ocHoBara Ha
caonra $unocoSun, pa:rnexgafixu ecRxo flBreHue B
HeroBoro pareurue. Cneg cMbprra My HeroBrre nocne-

reoror

AoBarenn ce pa3Aenflr Ha neBfi il AecHn $paxquu, raro
BcflKa or rflx ce on[TBa Aa AoKaxe, qe rMeHHo HefiHrre

oT pbKoBoAcTBoTo Ha yHr8epcuTera, KoeTo peuaBa Aa

qreHoBe ca rcruHcKure npueMHilrll4 Ha Xeren. Maprg

xoftro e Haqaroro

Bb3HaMepFBa Aa u3yr{aBa npaBo

B

BflBa

B yHuBepcurem

$r areucr. Toea HeroBo r43ffBneHre e B3ero npeAByrA
ro

orcrpaHu orSaKyrnera.

l-lpes 1840 r., eAHa roAilHa cneA cnyvan
{Dprgprax Bnnxennn lV (xpan

ra

c

6ayep,

llpycran) 3acunBa noflil-

yHnBepcureTa, nocTeneHHo e 3aBaaAEH oT t4AeuTe Ha

TUqecKuR HaTUCK Bbpxy OHe3U, KOI4TO He Ca nOCneAOBa-

Xerenoeara $unocoQrrrn, oKa3Bau{a ce t4cTt4HcKo l4HTeneKTyanHo npegu3BrKarencrBo 3a rero, oco6eHo xaro

reril

ce uMa npeAByrA crpacrra uy xrrr,t 4e6arrre.

KUTe Ha yHuBepcrrnera.

Mapxc craea qreH Ha rpyna, Hapeqena",[orropcxu

xny6", u B3eMa yqacrile B opraHu3t4paHrre or HeF
caroHHr4 c6uprn, no BpeMe Ha Kouro npilcbcrBaqrre, Ha qauKa anKoxon, o6ctxgar parnnvHu $uno-

Ha oQrqnanHara AbpxaBHa peflhrilfl. Toea e npnqilHa 3a orpaHuqaBaHe Ha aKaAeMnqHaftt ceo6o4a e pam-

BrruyreH oT HafloxeHuTe orpaHu-

veHrn, Mapxc npecraBa Aa noceqaBa neKqril il BMecro
TOBa HaCOqBa BHUMaHileTO tA yqtAn|,/.flm Cr Bbpxy nrcaHeTO Ha aKaAeMilr.{Hr4 TpyAOBe, KOI4TO Ca 3aA'brDKl4TeIHn 3a

reannQrxaqunra My,3a Aa craHe acrcreur. Sayep, rofiro e
B yHilBepcrrera B 6oH,4aea Heo6xo-

co$cru Bbnpocr4. Taru rpyna e qacr or nocreAoBare-

orHoBo acrcreHT, Ho

rnre

Ha Xeren, xouro uMar fleBrqapcrra y6exgeHrn u
ca u3BecrHr4 oqe Karo "Xerenoeara rvrna4ex'| Ho qreHoBere Ha ",[oxropcru xny6" ca cbu{o rara u np6rTern Ha anKoxora u yAt BVTenHu rynnhgxun, nannn

Al4Mr/Te 3a TOBa npenOprxrrr.,Qucepraqnnra Ha MapKc He e

c

xueor na Maprc.
Cneg raro ce AilnnoMupa, rofi 3auunaea ra 6oH, sa ga

MnaAexKa eHeprrfl. Mapxc

or

Bcr4rrKo

roBa

r

e HanbrHo norbflHar
qenr gnu e xny6a,

npeKapBa no

Hacnax4aeafiKu ce Ha anKoxora u Ae6arnre.
B nucuro, Koero u3npau{a na
1

6aqa cr Ha

1

1 HoeMBpl4

837 r., Kapn npu3HaBa, qe e il3ocraBnn o6yveHnero cu

no npaBo u ce e nocBeriln xa $unocoQnnra. B orroeopa
cu g6eceHuRr pry 6arqa ro ynpeKBa, qe ce e orKloHiln or

go6pa npoQecrn. Koraro Mapxc nonytraBa ro3r cbpAr4T 14 Kpr4Tr4qeH orroBop, 6aqa my eeve

nbrr

KbM e4Ha

e rexKo 6oneH or ry6eprynosa

I

nonoBilH roArHa cl4 oTuBa oT

cBflI Ho cl4HbT My cr4

To3ur

cneA no-MarKo or

ogo6pexa oryHuBepcurera

B

6epnuH, Ho e npuera oryHl4-

era Brera, KbAero

My npucbxAar AolfiopcKa
creneH no $unocoQun. C roea npnurcqBa cryAerrcKuflr

Bepcurent

ce cpeqHe c npilflTenr

cr

6ayep,

xoino o6a.{e e q3to-

or ro3r4 yHrBepcyrrer, Tara ue Mapxc re Moxe Aa ro
yl3nor3Ba Karo nocpeAHyrK npil rbpceHe m pa6om. Bce
nar rori ce onnrBa ga pa6ona Karo penoprep EbB BecrHeH u

Hn6 ocnaHnfiru ce Ha onura, xofiro uMa c HanncBaHero

-

Ha HflKonKo cml4u 3a BecrHr4K l4s4aaaH or ApHon4 Pyre
Apyr HeroB npunrerr or",{onopcxuawy6'i Mapxc yceqa,

qe ilMa nepcneKMBa KaTo )r$/pHaIilcT u 3anoqBa Aa Tbpcyl

u3fBa

Ha ToBa

nonpilqe.

MHoro cxopo

rofr nonyvaea ra3n Bb3MoxHocr.

HaMupa il3BuHeHile,3a Aa He npucbcrBa Ha norpe6eHrero My. flo roea epeme Kapn e il3llnno norbrHar or

HeronqrHa or 6ileuJilre qreHoBe Ha "floroopcru xny6"

QunocoQunra r npeKbcBa Bpb3KilTe crrc celneficreoro
cw TaKa qe eAuHcTBeHoTo BruflHile, KoeTo oKa3Ba

(Rheinische Zeitung),

pa6ornr

e

oQnca Ha BecrHl4K "PafiHrue qailryxr"
rorlro nrnu:a s Kuonn,

n ca y6eAeHu,

^ floprper ua Xeun Qox BecrQanex,
cbnpyrara Ha Mapxc n ronnmara nn6og
Ha xnBora My. To3u noprper e pncyBaH,
Koraro rfl e Ha oKono 35 roAnHn. npeAil
6paxa nm Xenn xugee c mailra cn g
6aA KpoiqHax.

Knpqoea rwqr{octn
nyABr4r ootaEPSAX
Ity4arar {DorTrep6ax e egun or $nnoco$ure,

roilro,

napeA c Xeren, e MHoro ronflMa cre-

r.

roil

e orcrpaHeH or achc-

cil Mncro, cneA Koero u3qf,no ce nocBeqaBa na pa6orara cu Karo nilcarer.

TeHTcKoro

caem na QunocoQranra, ro $ranocoQranra na {Dorlep6ax My AaBa Bb3MoxHocr 3a paBHo-

Christentums), ce npeBpbu{a a"6u6nvn" za MnaAoxerenilaHqhre. AoKaro e a lepuanuR,
r Maprc e nooleAoBaren Ha Marep[an[cl4vecxara $nnoco$un na Ooiep6ax, uo creA

cMeTKa B TOBa ilHTeneKryanHO n'bTeUeCTBre.

Oofiep6ax e pogex npee 1 804 r. e llan4ulyr (leprvranran). Torl r,r:yuasa reonorilR

e

Xaft-

gen6epr n 6epnrn. llog enuRHue Ha hAenre Ha Xeren, Ooftep6ax ce npexatpnn AaY44
Qranoco$ran B yHhBepcnrera e Epnanren, no a xpatlua cuexa craBa eAilH or Kpvlrllqilre
sa Xerer. Tori $oprvrynrrrpa KpurilqeH aHafln3 Ha pethrilo3Hara cncreMa Ha Xeren n cl:-

AaBa cBoF Marepuan.4crtlqecxa Qranoco$rn, Ooriep6ax Kpt4rt4KyBa xprlcrt4rHcrBoro,
o6evaneaimn ro B erou3bM L4 nuflca Ha xyMaHil3bM, c Koero npeAil3BfiKBa HeAoBon-

qe

crBoro Ha ynpaBnnBaqHTe. Bcregcrane Ha roBa npe3 1832

neH noBnr4nBa a'bpxy oQoprvrnnero Ha MilporneAa Ha una4un Kapn Mapxc. Axo :a QnnocoQunra na Xeren MoxeM Aa KaxeM, qe e HaqanHa roqKa or nbryBaHero Ha Maprc a

rofi ilMa nilcaTencKu

Hafi-:saqumoro My npon3BeAeHne, "Ctr.r{xocrra Ha xpucrt4f,HcrBoro" (Das Wesen des

Karo h3BecrHo BpeMe h3yqaBa nonilT[']ecKa $ranocoSran a [1apnx, rofi nocreneHHo ce
AucraHqhpa or hAehre na Ooriep6ax. flo-xtcuo ABaMara c Opugpux Eurenc pa:enBar caMocroflTenna $ranocoQcra reopun, KoFTo BnocneAcrBue oKa3Ba il3KnoqnrenHo

ronnuo ar:4ericrane e'upxy o6qecraoro.

llpe: 1860 r. KepaMilqHara

Qa6pr,rra, co6creeHocr Ha cbnpyrara na OotZep6ax, 6an-

Kpyrilpa u Ao cMbprra ch npe3 1872 r. Ilypsnr xnteee a xpafixa 6e4nocr.

oTuAe no-Aaneq B cBohTe Bb3rfle4u oT npuHqrnilre

TanaHr. CKopo Te My npeAnaraT

Ha

fla pa6oril BbB BecrHnKa Karo flaBeH peAaKrop. MapKc
cil HaeMa xilnuule B KbonH r ce 3axBaula eHrycna3ilpaHo

Xerenoeara QranocoQun il il3rnex4a qe HflMa oco6eHa
pa3nvrKa MexAy Bb3pacTHilfl Pyre n MnaAexa, yqacrBan

3a pa6ora, nocBeu{aBaftKh ce r3qFno Ha xypHarlilcruqe

B

Or 4pyra crpaHa, caMrrr Mapxc, npe6[BaBafiKu B
npe3 ro3r4 nepuoA, e no4noxeH Ha BrilflHhero

cKara npooecilF.

ec

BecrHux "PafiHnule tlafirynr''

aHT!4npaBhTeflcTBeHa HacoqeHocT.
pflAKO Cpeu{aH xypHanilcfl4qecKn

peQopMt4crKa

r

flapux

MapKc npurexaBa

ftnaHr

Ha

cnpe u3AaBaHero

Ha BecTHilKa.

il3fpaAeHa Bbpxy ocHoBaTa Ha HayqHil npnHqHnh

^

KbAeTO 3anoqBa Aa r3gaBa HoBo

3a OpaHLlt4F,

cnrcaHile, Ho

t4

To uMa

ornoco+

MeTOAr4. B XpafiHa CMerKa npoTl4BopequflTa My

AeH npeAn Aa

MexgyepervrenHo ApHonA Pyre 3aMilHaBa

coqnafiilcrl4qecKa

AeneH nHTepec KbM coqranilcl4qecKara Qrnoco$r,rn,

Cneg cnpevreaHe c qeH3ypara pa3oqapoBaHnflr or ra3n
eAtAH

Ha opeHcKaTa

llax no roea BpeMe Tofi npaBil u no-3a.qbn6oqeHr npoyqBaHur BbpxyrpyAoBere Ha AAaM CM!4r
t4 Apy-|A B14AH]4 npeAcraBrTerI Ha aHrrlrficKara KnacHqecKa hKoHoMurKa. MapKc 3anoqBa Aa npofBeBa onpe-

AonpuHacf 3a HapacrBaHe Ha nonynnpHocrra My. cKopo
o6aqe pa3rHeBeH[re or roHa My Bnacru ro 3a6paHflBar.

cv

hAeilre

cKa Muc'bn

Ll cKopo cjleA

Karo nocrbnBa Ha pa6ora BbB BecrHnKa, o6qfinr roH
Ha "PafiHilue larlryn/'craBa oule no-paAilKaneH, Koero

3a6paHa Maprc Hanycra pa6orara

ruyMHilre c6vpKvt Ha"AoKropcK[ Kny6',:

Ooriep6ax, 6aulara Ha repMaHcKara

Marepilarncrnqecxa $unocoQrr,
npotr3xoxAa or ceMeficrBo Ha
il3BeCTeH aABOKat

ce 3aA'bn6oqaBar u roBa cnara Kpafi Ha il3AaBaHero

Ha

"l-eprvraHo-QpeHcKil roAuruH14K':

or

xr4Bora Ha MapKc ce oKa3Ba
3a Hero. Toea e BpeMero,
Koraro ce ooopMsr ocHoBHnTe npilHqilnu Ha HeroTosra nepr,rog

aHrilnpaBureflcrBeHa HacoqeHocl nopaAr KoeTo e 3a6-

r43KrilOLrilTerHo BaXeH

or Bnacrnre. Pyre npe4nara Ha MapKc Aa craHe
peAaKrop Ha il3AaBaHilf or Hefo "lepmaHo-spencru
roAuurHr4K" (Deutsch-Franzosische Jahrbricher). Tor)r c

Br4R Mr4porneA, KOI4TO Ce AOpa3BnBaT nO-KbCHO

paHeHo

il 3anoqBa Aa ce noAroTBfl 3a HoBaTa
pa6ora y6e4eH, qe xypHanucrr4'-{ecKara npooecufl e B

uAeure Ha xeren, TaKa

I

pilrer

Ilyge[r Aagpeac Ootaep6ax,

cbcToflHne Aa My ocr4rypr4 Bb3MoxHocr Aa ce il3Abpxa.
Cera eeqe Moxe Ea npegoxr4 HoB AoM Ha o6ilqHara

nocra BRr4r4 Haqanoro Ha Ma pKcr4crKara

cil roAeHilqa. Ha 19 pur,r 1843 r. Kapn Maprc n XeHr

llaprx

Qoa BecrQaneH ce 6paKocbqeraBar B LlbpKBara Ha Mar-

peAulla aBTopflTeTr

ia w no-vanrctar

cKpoMHa,
3a

a

napilx -

rl 6par Egrap. ljepervroHuflra e rBbpge

pa3B-bflHyBaHilTe MraAoxeHLln 3aMnHaBaT
r4HTeneKryanHilF qeHr"bp Ha EBpona, n3nbn-

HeHn c HaAexAil 3a cBoeTo 6bAeule.

Cne4 nprcruraHero cr4 B

flapnx Mapxc 6er Kone6a-

Hile 3anoqBa Aa pa6orr4 3aeAHo c Pyre. flbpBoro r43AaHue Ha "leprr,raHo-SpeHcKilfl roAilruHtAK" v3nBa npe3

Seepyapn 1844 r., Ho cKopo Kapn e pa3oqapoBaH or
pa6orara cu npn Pyre, Tbfi Karo ce oKa3Ba, qe npilflTe-

nfr

or roAilHure

xny6" He AeMoHcrpilpa oco6eHo ilHrereKryanHo pa3Bilrhe or BpeMero
My

Ha "AoKTopcKr4a

Ha cryAeHTcKr4Te r4M roAr4Hl4. Pyre He

e

B

cbcroflHile Aa

ra3u o6fiacr

-

oT Te3u Ha

6e3cnopHt4f aBTou

ounocooiln.

$aKlb1, qe ilMeHHo B
roir uMa Bb3MoxHocr Aa ce 3ano3Hae nhqHo c
B

t,t

Ta3il o6nacT, KaKro

14

c BoAaqhTe

Ha HfKOr4 O6qeCTBeHn ABilxeHnfl. Cpeg rnx ca flhqHo-

v flapnx

npe3 1843 T., no BpeMero,
Koraro Kapn MapKc xuBee B rpaAa.
Ta:u r:xnoqnrenHo qeHHa SororpaSran
e HanpaBeHa or Yunnm XeHpu
Tan6o1 n:eecreH xaro 6aqara ra
cbBpeMeHHara QororpaQnn.

fpag ua cpeuu u pa34eJrr{

B

BaxeH sa Maprc ce oKa3Ba

fpaAqe 5ag KporZquax. E4uncreennre poAHr4Hr4 oT

HerlHa crpaHa, Kor4ro npilcbcrBar Ha cBar6ara, ca MailKa

B

HoBr oilnocoQcxu rAen, orruqaBaqil ce KaKTo or

paAocT npueMa

KOrO

H

c Pyre

cril

Karo QpeHcxrn coqilanilcr llraep Xore$ l-lpygon
aHapxucr Muxaun AneKcaHApoBt4q 6aKyHHH.

tA pycKtAA

flax noroea epeMe 3anoqBa Apyx6ara mexgyXarTrHprax
XafrHe, eeqe il3BecreH cbc cBoflra noe3t,tfl, h MapKc

H

XeHu, xorro qecro ce cpeular c Hero u cbnpyrara My.

Harl-ronnmo BnvflHVe o6ave eupxy no-HararbuHara
cbA6a Ha MnaAilr $rnocoQ oKa3Ba 3ano3HaHcrBoro
my c tDpn4pnx EHrenc, KorZro cbulo t43BecrHo BpeMe
pa6orr :a "lepruaHo-$peHcKt4tt toAt4ttlHt4K". Bcutquocr
ABaMara ce cpeu.lar 3a nbpBt4 flbT ABe roAilHil npeA[
roBa B peAaKqilflra Ha "PafiHilue latarynr',i Ho npr4
c'bBMecrHara ilM pa6ora B flaprx BceKil or rFX ilMa
Bb3MoxHocr ga ce y6e4n B 6e3cnopHt4r raflaHT Ha
ApynAfl B Ta3u o6nacr. Toea e Haqanoro Ha eAHo np!4flTencTBo,

npoAbnxilno Ao Kpafl

Ha

xilBora ilM.



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