PSY 404 ASSIGNMENT THIS IS A CASE OF ALCOHOL ABUSE.pdf

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THIS IS A CASE OF ALCOHOLISM DESCRIPTION OF ALCOHOLISM The General Description According to DSM-IV, alcoholism, also known as alcohol dependence, is a common disorder. Lifetime prevalence rates vary widely according to the methodology used, but probably close to 10% of the U.S. population is affected. Asians, however, particularly those from China, Korea, and Japan, appear to have much lower rates. At all ages alcoholism is more common among males than females; however, given the somewhat later age of onset in females, the ratio tends to decrease in higher age groups. Overall the ratio is probably 3:1.Alcoholics and alcohol abusers are recurrently and persistently beset with an urge to drink, an urge that is of sufficient compellingness for them to continue to drink despite the fact that their drinking has sustain substantial damage to their health and personal or business affairs. Amongst alcoholics, but not in alcohol abusers, one also sees the development of both craving and of neuroadaptation, with either tolerance or withdrawal. It needs not be overemphasized that alcohol abuse contributes to world highest addiction record and heavy drinking, one of the leading cause of death. A Specific Description using Bennard’s case A patient is a 29 year-old Nigerian man whose name is Bennard and lives in the south-western part of the country precisely Ado-Ekiti in Ekiti state, Nigeria. Having lost his parents as a result of a car accident, since he was 8 years old, there has been one to cater for his academic affairs so he dropped out of school. After few months, he became estranged from his family and went into drinking excessively large amount of whiskey daily with street gamblers supposedly as a way of relieving him of his depression which resulted from his parents‟ death. Onset The onset of alcoholism or alcohol abuse is generally insidious and spans many years. For men, onset is generally dated to the late teens or the early twenties; however, most alcoholics are not recognized as such until their late twenties or early thirties, and many more years may pass before the alcoholic or someone else recognizes the need for treatment. Although some otherwise typical onsets have been described in patients over 60, it is rare for the onset to occur past the age of 45. The onset in women tends to be later than that in men. Alcoholics who concurrently have an antisocial personality disorder seem to have an earlier onset, generally in the teenage years. Although precisely dating the onset is very difficult, many alcoholics, in retrospect, can point to a period in their lives when they “crossed the line,” after which their efforts to control their drinking became futile.


         





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